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Ticarcillin Disease Interactions

There are 5 disease interactions with ticarcillin:

Major

Beta-Lactams (Parenteral) (Includes Ticarcillin) ↔ Renal Dysfunction

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

Most beta-lactam antibiotics are eliminated by the kidney as unchanged drug and, in some cases, also as metabolites. The serum concentrations of beta-lactam antibiotics and their metabolites may be increased and the half-lives prolonged in patients with impaired renal function. Neurotoxic reactions, including encephalopathy, asterixis, myoclonus, seizures and coma, have been reported in such patients treated parenterally with these agents. Dosage adjustments may be necessary and modifications should be based on the degree of renal impairment as well as severity of infection in accordance with the individual product package labeling. Renal function tests should be performed periodically during prolonged and/or high-dose therapy, since nephrotoxicity and alterations in renal function have occasionally been associated with the use of these drugs.

References

  1. Jackson EA, McLeod DC "Pharmacokinetics and dosing of antimicrobial agents in renal impairment, part I." Am J Hosp Pharm 31 (1974): 36-52
  2. Aronoff GR, Sloan RS, Stanish RA, Fineberg NS "Mezlocillin dose dependent elimination kinetics in renal impairment." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 21 (1982): 505-9
  3. Kampf D, Schurig R, Korsukewitz I, Bruckner O "Cefoxitin pharmacokinetics: relation to three different renal clearance studies in patients with variuos degrees of renal insufficiency." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 20 (1981): 741-6
View all 153 references
Moderate

Antibiotics (Includes Ticarcillin) ↔ Colitis

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Colitis/Enteritis (Noninfectious)

Pseudomembranous colitis has been reported with most antibacterial agents and may range in severity from mild to life-threatening, with an onset of up to two months following cessation of therapy. Antibiotic therapy can alter the normal flora of the colon and permit overgrowth of Clostridium difficile, whose toxin is believed to be a primary cause of antibiotic- associated colitis. The colitis is usually characterized by severe, persistent diarrhea and severe abdominal cramps, and may be associated with the passage of blood and mucus. The most common culprits are clindamycin, lincomycin, the aminopenicillins (amoxicillin, ampicillin), and the cephalosporins. Therapy with broad-spectrum antibiotics and other agents with significant antibacterial activity should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of gastrointestinal diseases, particularly colitis. There is some evidence that pseudomembranous colitis, if it occurs, may run a more severe course in these patients and that it may be associated with flares in their underlying disease activity. The offending antibiotic(s) should be discontinued if significant diarrhea occurs during therapy. Stool cultures for Clostridium difficile and stool assay for C. difficile toxin may be helpful diagnostically. A large bowel endoscopy may be considered to establish a definitive diagnosis in cases of severe diarrhea.

References

  1. Moriarty HJ, Scobie BA "Pseudomembranous colitis in a patient on rifampicin and ethambutol." N Z Med J 04/23/80 (1980): 294-5
  2. Thomas E, Mehta JB "Pseudomembranous colitis due to oxacillin therapy." South Med J 77 (1984): 532-3
  3. Harmon T, Burkhart G, Applebaum H "Perforated pseudomembranous colitis in the breast-fed infant." J Pediatr Surg 27 (1992): 744-6
View all 47 references
Moderate

Antipseudomonal Pcns (Includes Ticarcillin) ↔ Coagulation Abnormalities

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction, Bleeding, Coagulation Defect, Thrombocytopathy, Thrombocytopenia, Vitamin K Deficiency

The use of extended-spectrum penicillin antibiotics has rarely been associated with coagulation abnormalities manifested as prolonged prothrombin and bleeding times, abnormal platelet aggregation, purpura, and clinical bleeding. These reactions have been most severe and most frequently reported in patients with renal impairment given high dosages of the drugs for prolonged periods, although they have also occurred with usual dosages in patients with normal renal function. Therapy with extended-spectrum penicillins should be administered cautiously in patients with significantly impaired renal function, severe active bleeding, or a hemorrhagic diathesis such as hemophilia, vitamin K deficiency, hypoprothrombinemia, thrombocytopenia, or thrombocytopathy. Clinical monitoring of hematopoietic and renal function is recommended during prolonged and/or high-dose therapy. Bleeding manifestations are reversible upon discontinuation of the antibiotic.

References

  1. Gentry LO, Jemsek JG, Natelson EA "Effects of sodium piperacillin on platelet function in normal volunteers." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 19 (1981): 532-3
  2. Mehta P, Lawson D, Gross S, Graham-Pole J "Comparative effects of mezlocillin and carbenicillin on platelet function and thromboxane generation in patients with cancer." Am J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 11 (1989): 286-91
  3. "Product Information. Mezlin (mezlocillin)." Bayer, West Haven, CT.
View all 16 references
Moderate

Penicillins (Includes Ticarcillin) ↔ Hemodialysis

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: hemodialysis

Penicillin antibiotics (except for agents in the penicillinase-resistant class) are removed by hemodialysis. Doses should either be scheduled for administration after dialysis or supplemental doses be given after dialysis.

References

  1. Francke EL, Appel GB, Neu HC "Kinetics of intravenous amoxicillin in patients on long-term dialysis." Clin Pharmacol Ther 26 (1979): 31-5
  2. Davies BE, Boon R, Horton R, Reubi FC, Descoeudres CE "Pharmacokinetics of amoxycillin and clavulanic acid in haemodialysis patients following intravenous administration of augmentin." Br J Clin Pharmacol 26 (1988): 385-90
  3. Reitberg DP, Marble DA, Schultz RW, Whall TJ, Schentag JJ "Pharmacokinetics of cefoperazone (2.0 g) and sulbactam (1.0 g) coadministered to subjects with normal renal function, patients with decreased renal function, and patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 32 (1988): 503-9
View all 22 references
Moderate

Ticarcillin (Includes Ticarcillin) ↔ Sodium/Potassium

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Congestive Heart Failure, Hypernatremia, Hypokalemia, Fluid Retention, Hypertension

Parenteral ticarcillin disodium contains approximately 120 to 150 mg (5.2 to 6.5 mEq) of sodium per each gram of ticarcillin activity. The combination, ticarcillin-clavulanate, contains approximately 109 mg (4.75 mEq) of sodium per gram of total drug. The sodium content should be considered in patients with conditions that may require sodium restriction, such as congestive heart failure, hypertension, and fluid retention. In addition, hypokalemia has been reported rarely during therapy with ticarcillin and other extended-spectrum penicillin antibiotics, which may be particularly important to bear in mind when treating patients with low potassium reserves or fluid and electrolyte imbalance. Clinical monitoring of electrolytes is recommended if these agents are used for prolonged periods.

References

  1. "Product Information. Ticar (ticarcillin)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  2. Welter J, Wittman DH, Freitag V "Ticarcillin therapy of risk patients with infections due to pseudomonas aeruginosa." J Int Med Res 9 (1981): 44-51
  3. Finch RA "Hypernatremia during lithium and ticarcillin therapy." South Med J 74 (1981): 376-7
View all 4 references

ticarcillin drug Interactions

There are 59 drug interactions with ticarcillin

ticarcillin alcohol/food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with ticarcillin

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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