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Juvisync (simvastatin / sitagliptin) Disease Interactions

There are 7 disease interactions with Juvisync (simvastatin / sitagliptin):

Major

Dpp-4 Inhibitors (Includes Juvisync) ↔ Pancreatitis

Severe Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Pancreatitis

There have been postmarketing reports of acute pancreatitis in patients taking DPP-4 inhibitors. These drugs should be used with caution in patients with a history of pancreatitis or pancreatic disease, although it is unknown if they are at increased risk. Patients should be observed for signs and symptoms of pancreatitis during treatment. If pancreatitis is suspected, treatment should be discontinued immediately and appropriate management should be initiated.

Major

Hmg-Coa Reductase Inhibitors (Includes Juvisync) ↔ Liver Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease, Alcoholism

The use of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors is contraindicated in patients with active liver disease or unexplained, persistent elevations of serum transaminases. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors are extensively metabolized by the liver. Decreased drug metabolism may lead to accumulation and increased risk of toxicity, including biochemical abnormalities of liver function and, rarely, jaundice, hepatitis, cirrhosis, fatty change in the liver, and fulminant hepatic necrosis. Therapy with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of liver disease and/or heavy alcohol use. A lower initial dosage may be appropriate, and clinical monitoring of liver transaminase levels according to the individual product package labeling is recommended. Patients who develop elevated ALT or AST levels during therapy should be monitored until abnormalities resolve. If an increase above 3 times the upper limit of normal persists, consideration should be given to a reduction in dosage or withdrawal of therapy.

References

  1. Mauro VF "Clinical pharmacokinetics and practical applications of simvastatin." Clin Pharmacokinet 24 (1993): 195-202
  2. Pan HY, Morrison RA, Singhvi SM, Frantz BM, Waclawski AP, Willard DA "Disposition of pravastatin sodium (SQ 31,000), a tissue-selective HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, in healthy subjects." Clin Res 36 (1988): a368
  3. "Lovastatin 5-year safety and efficacy study. Lovastatin Study Groups I through IV." Arch Intern Med 153 (1993): 1079-87
View all 41 references
Major

Hmg-Coa Reductase Inhibitors (Includes Juvisync) ↔ Rhabdomyolysis

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Myopathy, Myoneural Disorder, Hypothyroidism, Renal Dysfunction

Severe myopathy, including rhabdomyolysis with acute renal failure secondary to myoglobinuria, has been reported rarely with the use of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. The myopathy may be dose-related and is characterized by muscle aches and/or weakness in conjunction with increases in creatine phosphokinase (CPK) values exceeding 10 times the upper limit of normal. Therapy with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors should be administered cautiously in patients with preexisting myopathy, in those with predisposing factors for myopathy or with a history of myoneural disorder, since it may delay the recognition or confound the diagnosis of a drug-induced musculoskeletal effect. Patients should be advised to report promptly any unusual muscle pain, tenderness or weakness, particularly if accompanied by malaise or fever. Periodic CPK determinations may be considered in some patients, although the value of such monitoring is uncertain. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor therapy should be withdrawn if markedly elevated CPK levels occur or if drug-related myopathy is diagnosed or suspected.

References

  1. Norman DJ, Illingworth DR, Munson J, Hosenpud J "Myolysis and acute renal failure in a heart-transplant recipient receiving lovastatin." N Engl J Med 318 (1988): 46-7
  2. Vanpuijenbroek EP, Dubufvereijken PWG, Spooren PFMJ, Vandoormaal JJ "Possible increased risk of rhabdomyolysis during concomitant use of simvastatin and gemfibrozil." J Intern Med 240 (1996): 403-4
  3. "Product Information. Zocor (simvastatin)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
View all 33 references
Major

Simvastatin (Includes Juvisync) ↔ Renal Dysfunction

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

Although simvastatin itself is not eliminated by the kidney, the plasma concentrations of total HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors after a single dose of simvastatin may be increased in patients with significant renal impairment, presumably due to the accumulation of active metabolites. Increased HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory activity may be associated with a greater risk of adverse effects, including hepatic and musculoskeletal toxicities. Therapy with simvastatin should be administered cautiously at a reduced dosage in patients with severe renal impairment. Close clinical monitoring is recommended.

References

  1. Mauro VF "Clinical pharmacokinetics and practical applications of simvastatin." Clin Pharmacokinet 24 (1993): 195-202
  2. Lennernas H, Fager G "Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Similarities and differences." Clin Pharmacokinet 32 (1997): 403-25
  3. "Product Information. Zocor (simvastatin)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
Moderate

Dpp-4 (Includes Juvisync) ↔ Renal Dysfunction

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

It is recommended to assess renal function prior to initiating treatment with DPP-4 inhibitors. Patients with moderate to severe renal insufficiency and end stage renal dysfunction will require a dose adjustment. Linagliptin will not require a dose adjustment per manufacturer's information. Additionally, there have been postmarketing reports of worsening renal function in some patients with renal insufficiency taking sitagliptin at inappropriate doses. However, sitagliptin has not been found to be nephrotoxic in preclinical studies or clinical trials at appropriate doses.

Moderate

Hmg-Coa Reductase Inhibitors (Includes Juvisync) ↔ Cognitive Impairment

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: CNS Disorder

Cognitive impairment (e.g., memory loss, forgetfulness, amnesia, memory impairment, confusion) have been observed in patients receiving statins. The reports are usually not serious, and reversible upon statin discontinuation. Caution is recommended when using these agents in patients with cognitive impairment.

Moderate

Hmg-Coa Reductase Inhibitors (Includes Juvisync) ↔ Diabetes

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Diabetes Mellitus

Increases in HbA1c and fasting serum glucose levels have been reported with the use of certain HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Caution should be exercised when using these agents in diabetic patients and close monitoring is recommended.

Juvisync (simvastatin / sitagliptin) drug Interactions

There are 858 drug interactions with Juvisync (simvastatin / sitagliptin)

Juvisync (simvastatin / sitagliptin) alcohol/food Interactions

There are 2 alcohol/food interactions with Juvisync (simvastatin / sitagliptin)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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