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Quinine Disease Interactions

There are 8 disease interactions with quinine:

Major

Antimalarial agents (applies to quinine) QT prolongation

Major Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Hypokalemia, Arrhythmias, Magnesium Imbalance

The use of certain antimalarial agents is contraindicated in patients with known prolongation of QT interval as they can develop fatal arrhythmias. It should also be avoided in patients with clinical conditions known to prolong the QT interval, such as a congenital prolongation of the QT interval or sudden death, uncorrected hypokalemia or hypomagnesemia, bradycardia, and certain cardiac conditions. Caution is advised in patients taking other medications that can prolong the QT interval.

References

  1. "Product Information. Quinine (quinine)." Zenith Goldline Pharmaceuticals, Fort Lauderdale, FL.
Major

Quinine (applies to quinine) G-6-PD deficiency

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility.

The use of quinine is contraindicated in patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency. Red blood cells are more easily destroyed in patients with G-6-PD deficiency and may lead to hemolysis and anemia.

References

  1. "Product Information. Quinine (quinine)." Zenith Goldline Pharmaceuticals, Fort Lauderdale, FL.
  2. Tafani O, Mazzoli M, Landini G, Alterini B "Fatal acute immune haemolytic anaemia caused by nalidixic acid." Br Med J 285 (1982): 936-7
Major

Quinine (applies to quinine) myasthenia gravis

Major Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.

The use of quinine is contraindicated in patients with myasthenia gravis, as quinine has neuromuscular blocking activity, and may exacerbate muscle weakness.

Major

Quinine (applies to quinine) ocular toxicity

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility. Applicable conditions: Visual Defect/Disturbance

The use of quinine is contraindicated in patients with optic neuritis, and cautious use, if at all, is advised for patients with retinopathy or other visual defects. Quinine may affect the retina and optic nerve, producing visual disturbances that include blurred vision with scotomata, photophobia, diplopia, constricted visual fields, night blindness, and abnormal color perception. Although ocular toxicity is usually reversible following drug withdrawal, retinopathy and optic atrophy can occur in severe cases. All patients should be advised to immediately discontinue the drug and contact a physician if visual disturbances occur or are exacerbated during quinine therapy.

References

  1. "Product Information. Quinine (quinine)." Zenith Goldline Pharmaceuticals, Fort Lauderdale, FL.
Major

Quinine (applies to quinine) thrombocytopenia

Major Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.

Quinine is contraindicated in patients with thrombocytopenia. Quinine can produce an immune-mediated thrombocytopenia. Severe cases of thrombocytopenia that are fatal or life threatening have been reported. Chronic renal impairment associated with the development of TTP has also been reported. Thrombocytopenia usually resolves within a week upon discontinuation of quinine. If quinine is not stopped, patients can be at risk for fatal hemorrhage. Upon re- exposure to quinine from any source, a patient with quinine- dependent antibodies could develop thrombocytopenia that is more rapid in onset and more severe than the original episode.

References

  1. "Product Information. Quinine (quinine)." Zenith Goldline Pharmaceuticals, Fort Lauderdale, FL.
Major

Quinine (applies to quinine) tinnitus

Major Potential Hazard, High plausibility.

The use of quinine is contraindicated in patients with tinnitus. Quinine has been associated with reversible and irreversible ototoxicity. Reversible hearing loss, tinnitus, and dizziness has been reported in 20% of patients receiving therapeutic doses of quinine. Cystic degeneration of stria vascularis, degeneration of the cochlear neurons, and loss of hair cells occur. Injury may be produced by spasm of cochlear blood vessels, resulting in anoxia and subsequent cellular damage.

References

  1. "Product Information. Quinine (quinine)." Zenith Goldline Pharmaceuticals, Fort Lauderdale, FL.
Moderate

Quinine (applies to quinine) liver impairment

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Liver Disease

In patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh C), quinine oral clearance is decreased, volume of distribution is increased, and half-life is prolonged, relative to subjects with normal liver function. Therefore, quinine is not indicated in patients with severe hepatic impairment and alternate therapy should be administered. Adjustment of the recommended dose is not required in mild (Child-Pugh A) or moderate (Child-Pugh B) hepatic impairment, but patients should be monitored closely for adverse effects of quinine.

Moderate

Quinine (applies to quinine) renal impairment

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Renal Dysfunction

Clearance of quinine is decreased in patients with severe chronic renal failure. The dosage and dosing frequency should be reduced. The effects of mild and moderate renal impairment on the safety and pharmacokinetics of quinine sulfate are not known. Monitoring is advised.

Quinine drug interactions

There are 426 drug interactions with quinine

Quinine alcohol/food interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with quinine

Drug Interaction Classification

These classifications are only a guideline. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific individual is difficult to determine. Always consult your healthcare provider before starting or stopping any medication.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No interaction information available.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.