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Glycopyrrolate / indacaterol Disease Interactions

There are 14 disease interactions with glycopyrrolate / indacaterol:

Major

Anticholinergics (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Arrhythmias

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Arrhythmias

Patients with tachycardia should be supervised closely during treatment with anticholinergic agents. Tachycardia is produced by blocking normal vagal inhibition of the SA node. Paradoxically, bradycardia may occur due to central vagal stimulation which may occur prior to peripheral cholinergic blockade.

References

  1. "Product Information. Artane (trihexyphenidyl)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  2. Blumensohn R, Razoni G, Shalev A, Munitz H "Bradycardia due to trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride." Drug Intell Clin Pharm 20 (1986): 786-7
  3. "Product Information. Cogentin (benztropine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  4. Voinov H, Elefante V, Mujica R "Sinus bradycardia related to the use of benztropine mesylate." Am J Psychiatry 149 (1992): 711
View all 4 references
Major

Anticholinergics (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Autonomic Neuropathy

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Autonomic Neuropathy

Agents with anticholinergic activity can exacerbate many of the manifestations of autonomic neuropathy, including tachycardia, anhidrosis, bladder atony, obstipation, dry mouth and eyes, cycloplegia and blurring of vision, and sexual impotence in males. Therapy with antimuscarinic agents and higher dosages of antispasmodic agents (e.g., dicyclomine or oxybutynin) should be administered cautiously in patients with autonomic neuropathy.

References

  1. "Product Information. Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP (atropine)." ESI Lederle Generics, Philadelphia, PA.
Major

Anticholinergics (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Gi Obstruction

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Gastrointestinal Obstruction, Esophageal Obstruction

Anticholinergics are contraindicated in patients with obstructive diseases such as achalasia, esophageal stricture or stenosis, pyloroduodenal stenosis, stenosing peptic ulcer, pyloric obstruction, and paralytic ileus. Anticholinergics may further suppress intestinal motility with resultant precipitation or aggravation of toxic megacolon.

References

  1. "Product Information. Antivert (meclizine)." Roerig Division, New York, NY.
  2. "Azatadine (optimine)--a new antihistamine." Med Lett Drugs Ther 19 (1977): 77-9
  3. "Product Information. Chlortrimeton (chlorpheniramine)." Schering-Plough, Liberty Corner, NJ.
  4. Blamoutier J "Comparative trial of two antihistamines, mequitazine and brompheniramine." Curr Med Res Opin 5 (1978): 366-70
  5. "Product Information. Optimine (azatadine)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  6. Bantz EW, Dolen WK, Chadwick EW, Nelson HS "Chronic chlorpheniramine therapy: subsensitivity, drug metabolism, and compliance." Ann Allergy 59 (1987): 341-6
  7. "Product Information. Cogentin (benztropine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  8. "Product Information. Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP (atropine)." ESI Lederle Generics, Philadelphia, PA.
  9. "Product Information. Periactin (cyproheptadine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  10. "Product Information. Benadryl (diphenhydramine)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  11. "Product Information. Tavist (clemastine)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  12. "Product Information. Artane (trihexyphenidyl)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  13. Mevorach D "Adverse effects of atropine sulfate autoinjection." Ann Pharmacother 26 (1992): 564
  14. Simons FE, Frith EM, Simons KJ "The pharmacokinetics and antihistaminic effects of brompheniramine." J Allergy Clin Immunol 70 (1982): 458-64
  15. "Product Information. Poly-Histine-D (pyrilamine)." Bock Pharmaceutical Company, St. Louis, MO.
  16. "Product Information. Dimetane (brompheniramine)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  17. "Product Information. Phenergan (promethazine)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
View all 17 references
Major

Anticholinergics (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Glaucoma

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Glaucoma/Intraocular Hypertension

Anticholinergic agents are contraindicated in patients with primary glaucoma, a tendency toward glaucoma (narrow anterior chamber angle), or adhesions (synechiae) between the iris and lens, as well as for the elderly and others in whom undiagnosed glaucoma or excessive pressure in the eye may be present. Because anticholinergics cause mydriasis, they may exacerbate these conditions.

References

  1. "Product Information. Dimetane (brompheniramine)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  2. "Product Information. Chlortrimeton (chlorpheniramine)." Schering-Plough, Liberty Corner, NJ.
  3. Pecora JL "Malignant glaucoma worsened by miotics in a postoperative angle- closure glaucoma patient." Ann Ophthalmol 11 (1979): 1412-4
  4. Schuller DE, Turkewitz D "Adverse effects of antihistamines." Postgrad Med 79 (1986): 75-86
  5. "Product Information. Moban (molindone)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  6. "Product Information. Phenergan (promethazine)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  7. Goldstein JH "Effects of drugs on cornea, conjunctiva, and lids." Int Ophthalmol Clin 11 (1971): 13-34
  8. "Product Information. Compazine (prochlorperazine)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  9. "Product Information. Poly-Histine-D (pyrilamine)." Bock Pharmaceutical Company, St. Louis, MO.
  10. "Product Information. Orap Tablets (pimozide)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  11. Holland MG "Autonomic drugs in ophthalmology: some problems and promises. Section II: Anticholinergic drugs." Ann Ophthalmol 6 (1974): 661-4
  12. "Product Information. Thorazine (chlorpromazine)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  13. "Product Information. Benadryl (diphenhydramine)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  14. O'Connor PS, Mumma JV "Atropine toxicity." Am J Ophthalmol 99 (1985): 613-4
  15. Berdy GJ, Berdy SS, Odin LS, Hirst LW "Angle closure glaucoma precipitated by aerosolized atropine." Arch Intern Med 151 (1991): 1658-60
  16. "Product Information. Optimine (azatadine)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  17. Clearkin LG "Angle closure glaucoma precipitated by atropine." Arch Intern Med 152 (1992): 880
  18. "Product Information. Periactin (cyproheptadine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  19. Kanto J "New aspects in the use of atropine." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 21 (1983): 92-4
  20. "Product Information. Tavist (clemastine)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  21. "Product Information. Artane (trihexyphenidyl)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  22. "Product Information. Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP (atropine)." ESI Lederle Generics, Philadelphia, PA.
  23. "Product Information. Cogentin (benztropine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
View all 23 references
Major

Anticholinergics (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Obstructive Uropathy

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Urinary Retention

In general, the use of anticholinergic agents is contraindicated in patients with urinary retention and bladder neck obstruction caused by prostatic hypertrophy. Dysuria may occur and may require catheterization. Also, anticholinergic drugs may aggravate partial obstructive uropathy. Caution is advised even when using agents with mild to moderate anticholinergic activity, particularly in elderly patients.

References

  1. "Product Information. Artane (trihexyphenidyl)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  2. Schuller DE, Turkewitz D "Adverse effects of antihistamines." Postgrad Med 79 (1986): 75-86
  3. "Product Information. Phenergan (promethazine)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  4. "Product Information. Moban (molindone)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  5. "Product Information. Compazine (prochlorperazine)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  6. "Product Information. Poly-Histine-D (pyrilamine)." Bock Pharmaceutical Company, St. Louis, MO.
  7. Shutt LE, Bowes JB "Atropine and hyoscine." Anaesthesia 34 (1979): 476-90
  8. "Product Information. Dimetane (brompheniramine)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  9. "Product Information. Antivert (meclizine)." Roerig Division, New York, NY.
  10. "Product Information. Optimine (azatadine)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  11. "Product Information. Periactin (cyproheptadine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  12. "Product Information. Tavist (clemastine)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  13. "Product Information. Thorazine (chlorpromazine)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  14. "Product Information. Orap Tablets (pimozide)." Gate Pharmaceuticals, Sellersville, PA.
  15. "Product Information. Chlortrimeton (chlorpheniramine)." Schering-Plough, Liberty Corner, NJ.
  16. O'Kelly SW, Spargo PM "Postoperative urinary retention in men." BMJ 302 (1991): 1403-4
  17. "Product Information. Benadryl (diphenhydramine)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  18. "Product Information. Zyrtec (cetirizine)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  19. Bantz EW, Dolen WK, Chadwick EW, Nelson HS "Chronic chlorpheniramine therapy: subsensitivity, drug metabolism, and compliance." Ann Allergy 59 (1987): 341-6
  20. "Product Information. Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP (atropine)." ESI Lederle Generics, Philadelphia, PA.
  21. "Product Information. Cogentin (benztropine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
View all 21 references
Major

Anticholinergics (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Tardive Dyskinesia

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Tardive Dyskinesia

Anticholinergic agents and agents with secondary anticholinergic activity may aggravate tardive dyskinesia or induce previously suppressed symptoms. Therapy with these agents should be avoided, if possible, or administered cautiously in patients with preexisting tardive dyskinesia, particularly in the elderly. If tardive dyskinesia symptoms develop or worsen during treatment with an anticholinergic agent, prompt withdrawal of therapy will provide better chances of improving the condition.

References

  1. Jones B, Lal S "Tardive dyskinesia uncovered after ingestion of Sominex, an over-the- counter drug." Can J Psychiatry 30 (1985): 370-1
  2. "Product Information. Benadryl (diphenhydramine)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  3. Kiloh LG, Smith JS, Williams SE "Antiparkinson drugs as causal agents in tardive dykinesia." Med J Aust 2 (1973): 591-3
  4. Burnett GB, Prange AJ Jr, Wilson IC, Jolliff LA, Creese IC, Synder SH "Adverse effects of anticholinergic antiparkinsonian drugs in tardive dyskinesia. An investigation of mechanism." Neuropsychobiology 6 (1980): 109-20
  5. "Product Information. Artane (trihexyphenidyl)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  6. Brait KA, Zagerman AJ "Dyskinesias after antihistamine use ." N Engl J Med 296 (1977): 111
  7. "Product Information. Cogentin (benztropine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  8. Yassa R "Antiparkinsonian medication withdrawal in the treatment of tardive dyskinesia: a report of three cases." Can J Psychiatry 30 (1985): 440-2
View all 8 references
Major

Antiperistaltic Agents (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Infectious Diarrhea

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Infectious Diarrhea/Enterocolitis/Gastroenteritis

The use of drugs with antiperistaltic activity (primarily antidiarrheal and antimuscarinic agents, but also antispasmodic agents such as dicyclomine or oxybutynin at high dosages) is contraindicated in patients with diarrhea due to pseudomembranous enterocolitis or enterotoxin-producing bacteria. These drugs may prolong and/or worsen diarrhea associated with organisms that invade the intestinal mucosa, such as toxigenic E. coli, Salmonella and Shigella, and pseudomembranous colitis due to broad-spectrum antibiotics. Other symptoms and complications such as fever, shedding of organisms and extraintestinal illness may also be increased or prolonged. In general, because antiperistaltic agents decrease gastrointestinal motility, they may delay the excretion of infective gastroenteric organisms or toxins and should be used cautiously in patients with any infectious diarrhea, particularly if accompanied by high fever or pus or blood in the stool. Some cough and cold and other combination products may occasionally include antimuscarinic agents for their drying effects and may, therefore, require careful selection when necessary.

References

  1. "Product Information. Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP (atropine)." ESI Lederle Generics, Philadelphia, PA.
  2. Walley T, Milson D "Loperamide related toxic megacolon in Clostridium difficile colitis." Postgrad Med J 66 (1990): 582
  3. "Product Information. Imodium (loperamide)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
  4. Marshall WF Jr, Rosenthal P, Merritt RJ "Atropine therapy and paralytic ileus in an infant." J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 9 (1989): 532-4
  5. Brown JW "Toxic megacolon associated with loperamide therapy." JAMA 241 (1979): 501-2
  6. "Lomotil for diarrhea in children." Med Lett Drugs Ther 17 (1975): 104
View all 6 references
Moderate

Antimuscarinics (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Psychoses

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Psychosis

Toxic psychosis manifested as confusion, disorientation, agitation, excitation, memory impairment, delusions and hallucinations may develop at toxic and therapeutic dosages of antimuscarinic agents. Therapy with these agents should be administered cautiously in patients with mental disorders receiving antimuscarinic agents for control of drug-induced extrapyramidal effects, especially at the beginning of therapy or during dosage adjustment. Psychiatric deterioration and psychotic flare-ups have also been reported following withdrawal of therapy. Symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, aggression or violent behavior, and suicidal tendencies. In high dosages, antimuscarinic agents may sometimes produce euphorigenic effects. For this reason, it can be a drug of abuse.

References

  1. Jellinek T, Gardos G, Cole JO "Adverse effects of antiparkinson drug withdrawal." Am J Psychiatry 138 (1981): 1567-71
  2. Goggin DA, Solomon GF "Trihexyphenidyl abuse for euphorigenic effect." Am J Psychiatry 136 (1979): 459-60
  3. Baker LA, Cheng LY, Amara IB "The withdrawal of benztropine mesylate in chronic schizophrenic patients." Br J Psychiatry 143 (1983): 584-90
  4. McInnis M, Petursson H "Trihexyphenidyl dependence." Acta Psychiatr Scand 69 (1984): 538-42
  5. Kulik AV, Wilbur R "Delirium and stereotypy from anticholinergic antiparkinson drugs." Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 6 (1982): 75-82
  6. Kaminer Y, Munitz H, Wijsenbeek H "Trihexyphenidyl (Artane) abuse: euphoriant and anxiolytic." Br J Psychiatry 140 (1982): 473-4
  7. Craig DH, Rosen P "Abuse of antiparkinsonian drugs." Ann Emerg Med 10 (1981): 98-100
  8. Yassa R "Antiparkinsonian medication withdrawal in the treatment of tardive dyskinesia: a report of three cases." Can J Psychiatry 30 (1985): 440-2
  9. Warnes H "Toxic psychosis due to antiparkinsonian drugs." Can Psychiatr Assoc J 12 (1967): 323-6
  10. Woody GE, O'Brien CP "Anticholinergic toxic psychosis in drug abusers treated with benztropine." Compr Psychiatry 15 (1974): 439-42
  11. Mohan D, Mohandas E, Dube S "Trihexyphenidyl abuse." Br J Addict 76 (1981): 195-7
  12. Pullen GP, Best NR, Maguire J "Anticholinergic drug abuse: a common problem?" Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 289 (1984): 612-3
  13. Laski E, Taleporos E "Anticholinergic psychosis in a bilingual: a case study." Am J Psychiatry 134 (1977): 1038-40
  14. Wilcox JA "Psychoactive properties of benztropine and trihexyphenidyl." J Psychoactive Drugs 15 (1983): 319-21
  15. "Product Information. Artane (trihexyphenidyl)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  16. Rubinstein JS "Abuse of antiparkinsonism drugs. Feigning of extrapyramidal symptoms to obtain trihexyphenidyl." JAMA 239 (1978): 2365-6
  17. Brower KJ "Smoking of prescription anticholinergic drugs." Am J Psychiatry 144 (1987): 383
  18. "Product Information. Cogentin (benztropine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  19. Macvicar K "Abuse of antiparkinsonian drugs by psychiatric patients." Am J Psychiatry 134 (1977): 809-11
  20. Hidalgo HA, Mowers RM "Anticholinergic drug abuse." DICP 24 (1990): 40-1
  21. Moreau A, Jones BD, Banno V "Chronic central anticholinergic toxicity in manic depressive illness mimicking dementia." Can J Psychiatry 31 (1986): 339-41
  22. Ananth JV, Jain RC "Benztropine psychosis." Can Psychiatr Assoc J 18 (1973): 409-14
View all 22 references
Moderate

Beta- 2 Adrenergic Bronchodilators (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Cardiovascular

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hypertension, Hyperthyroidism, Heart Disease

Adrenergic bronchodilators can stimulate cardiovascular beta- 1 and beta- 2 receptors, resulting in adverse effects such as tachycardia, palpitation, peripheral vasodilation, blood pressure changes, and ECG changes (e.g., flattening of the T wave; prolongation of the QT interval; ST segment depression). Direct stimulation of cardiac tissues is mediated by beta- 1 receptors and thus less likely to occur with beta-2-selective agents such as albuterol. However, beta-2-selectivity is not absolute and can be lost with larger doses. High dosages of these agents have been associated with precipitation or aggravation of angina, myocardial ischemia, and cardiac arrhythmias. Therapy with adrenergic bronchodilators should be administered cautiously in patients with sensitivity to sympathomimetic amines, hyperthyroidism, and/or underlying cardiovascular disorders such as coronary insufficiency, cardiac arrhythmias, or hypertension. The recommended dosages should not be exceeded.

References

  1. Price AH, Clissold SP "Salbutamol in the 1980s. A reappraisal of its clinical efficacy." Drugs 38 (1989): 77-122
  2. "Product Information. Brethaire (terbutaline)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  3. Chodosh S, Crooks LA, Tuck J "Comparative effects of pirbuterol acetate, metaproterenol, and placebo aerosols on pulmonary function and incidence of cardiac ectopy." J Asthma 26 (1989): 309-15
  4. Richards DM, Brogden RN "Pirbuterol. A preliminary review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic efficacy in reversible bronchospastic disease." Drugs 30 (1985): 6-21
  5. Tranfa CME, Pelaia G, Grembiale RD, Naty S, Durante S, Borrello G "Short-term cardiovascular effects of salmeterol." Chest 113 (1998): 1272-6
  6. Maguire GP, Emirgil C "Bronchodilator and side effects of different modes of administration of metaproterenol: inhaled, oral, and in combination." Am J Med Sci 291 (1986): 168-74
  7. Maconochie JG, Forster JK "Dose-response study with high-dose inhaled salmeterol in healthy subjects." Br J Clin Pharmacol 33 (1992): 342-5
  8. Finch JS "Cardiovascular toxicity: clinical evaluation of albuterol, isoproterenol and placebo in rising dose tolerance trial." Ann Allergy 47 (1981): 402-4
  9. Hibbard JU "Chronic terbutaline therapy and peripartum cardiomyopathy: a case-control study." Hypertens Pregnancy 15 (1996): 183-91
  10. Spitzer WO, Suissa S, Ernst P, Horwitz RI, Habbick B, Cockcroft D, Boivin JF, McNutt M, Buist AS, Rebuck AS "The use of beta-agonists and the risk of death and near death from asthma." N Engl J Med 326 (1992): 501-6
  11. "Product Information. Severent (salmeterol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  12. Bierman CW, Kemp JP, Nathan RA "Efficacy and safety of inhaled bitolterol mesylate via metered-dose inhaler in children with asthma." Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 76 (1996): 27-35
  13. "Product Information. Tornalate Metered Dose (bitolterol)." Dura Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, CA.
  14. Brogden RN, Faulds D "Salmeterol xinafoate. A review of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic potential in reversible obstructive airways disease." Drugs 42 (1991): 895-912
  15. Larsson S "Long-term treatment with beta2-adrenostimulants in asthma. Side effects, selectivity, tolerance, and routes of administration." Acta Med Scand Suppl 608 (1977): 1-40
  16. Suissa S, Hemmelgarn B, Blais L, Ernst P "Bronchodilators and acute cardiac death." Am J Respir Crit Care Med 154 (1996): 1598-602
  17. Wong CS, Pavord ID, Williams J, Britton JR, Tattersfield AE "Bronchodilator, cardiovascular, and hypokalaemic effects of fenoterol, salbutamol, and terbutaline in asthma." Lancet 336 (1990): 1396-9
  18. Ence TJ, Tashkin DP, Ho D, Child JS "Acute bronchial and cardiovascular effects of oral pirbuterol and metaproterenol." Ann Allergy 43 (1979): 229-36
  19. "Adverse effects and complications of treatment with beta-adrenergic agonist drugs. Committee on drugs, the American Academy of Allergy and Immunology." J Allergy Clin Immunol 75 (1985): 443-9
  20. Chazan R, Droszcz W, Maruchin JE "Pharmacodynamics of salbutamol in humans." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 26 (1988): 385-7
  21. Breeden CC, Safirstein BH "Albuterol and spacer-induced atrial fibrillation." Chest 98 (1990): 762-3
  22. Kinney EL, Trautlein JJ, Harbaugh CV, Lambert D, Zelis RF "Ventricular tachycardia after terbutaline." JAMA 240 (1978): 2247
  23. Al-Hillawi AH, Hayward R, Johnson NM "Incidence of cardiac arrhythmias in patients taking slow release salbutamol and slow release terbutaline for asthma." Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 288 (1984): 367
  24. Jenne JW "Can oral beta(2) agonists cause heart failure?" Lancet 352 (1998): 1081-2
  25. "Product Information. Ventolin (albuterol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  26. Neville E, Corris PA, Vivian J, Nariman S, Gibson GJ "Nebulised salbutamol and angina." Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 285 (1982): 796-7
  27. Littner MR, Tashkin DP, Calvarese B, Bautista M "Acute bronchial and cardiovascular effects of increasing doses of pirbuterol acetate aerosol in asthma." Ann Allergy 48 (1982): 14-20
  28. Godfrey S "Worldwide experience with albuterol (salbutamol)." Ann Allergy 47 (1981): 423-6
  29. Wolfe JD, Yamate M, Biedermann AA, Chu TJ "Comparison of the acute cardiopulmonary effects of oral albuterol, metaproterenol, and terbutaline in asthmatics." JAMA 253 (1985): 2068-72
  30. Trautlein J, Allegra J, Gillin M "Aerosolized terbutaline sulfate--an evalution of efficacy and side effects in patients with reversible airway disease." J Clin Pharmacol 17 (1977): 76-80
  31. Wagner JM, Morton MJ, Johnson KA, O'Grady JP, Speroff L "Terbutaline and maternal cardiac function." JAMA 246 (1981): 2697-701
  32. Vathenen AS, Britton JR, Ebden P, Cookson JB, Wharrad HJ, Tattersfield AE "High-dose inhaled albuterol in severe chronic airflow limitation." Am Rev Respir Dis 138 (1988): 850-5
  33. "Product Information. Proventil (albuterol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  34. Lampert MB, Hibbard J, Weinert L, Briller J, Lindheimer M, Lang RM "Peripartum heart failure associated with prolonged tocolytic therapy." Am J Obstet Gynecol 168 (1993): 493-5
  35. Meyer JM, Wenzel CL, Kradjan WA "Salmeterol: a novel, long-acting beta 2-agonist." Ann Pharmacother 27 (1993): 1478-87
  36. "Product Information. Maxair (pirbuterol)." 3M Pharmaceuticals, St. Paul, MN.
  37. Mettauer B, Rouleau JL, Burgess JH "Detrimental arrhythmogenic and sustained beneficial hemodynamic effects of oral salbutamol in patients with chronic congestive heart failure." Am Heart J 109 (1985): 840-7
  38. "Product Information. Xopenex (levalbuterol)." Sepracor, Marlborough, MA.
  39. Sanders JP, Potter DE, Ellis S, Bee DE, Grant JA "Metabolic and cardiovascular effects of carbuterol and metaproterenol." J Allergy Clin Immunol 60 (1977): 174-9
  40. Gawchik SM, Saccar CL, Noonan M, Reasner DS, DeGraw SS "The safety and efficacy of nebulized levalbuterol compared with racemic albuterol and placebo in the treatment of asthma in pediatric patients." J Allerg Clin Immunol 103 (1999): 615-21
  41. Bengtsson B, Fagerstrom PO "Extrapulmonary effects of terbutaline during prolonged administration." Clin Pharmacol Ther 31 (1982): 726-32
  42. Braden GL, Germain MJ, Mulhern JG, Hafer JG, Bria WF "Hemodynamic, cardiac, and electrolyte effects of low-dose aerosolized terbutaline sulfate in asthmatic patients." Chest 114 (1998): 380-7
  43. "Product Information. Alupent (metaproterenol)." Boehringer-Ingelheim, Ridgefield, CT.
  44. Larsson S, Svedmyr N "Bronchodilating effect and side effects of beta2- adrenoceptor stimulants by different modes of administration (tablets, metered aerosol, and combinations thereof). A study with salbutamol inasthmatics." Am Rev Respir Dis 116 (1977): 861-9
  45. Shovlin CL, Tam FW "Salbutamol nebuliser and precipitation of critical cardiac ischaemia." Lancet 336 (1990): 1258
  46. Katz M, Robertson PA, Creasy RK "Cardiovascular complications associated with terbutaline treatment for preterm labor." Am J Obstet Gynecol 139 (1981): 605-8
  47. Brogden RN, Speight TM, Avery GS "Terbutaline: a preliminary report of its pharmacological properties and therapeutic efficacy in asthma." Drugs 6 (1973): 324-32
  48. Pinnas JL, Bhatt BD, Campbell SC, Kemp JP, Tinkelman DG "Dose-response study of nebulized bitolterol mesylate solution in asthmatic patients." Chest 91 (1987): 533-9
  49. Whitsett TL, Manion CV, Wilson MF "Cardiac, pulmonary and neuromuscular effects of clenbuterol and terbutaline compared with placebo." Br J Clin Pharmacol 12 (1981): 195-200
  50. Nathan RA, Bronsky EA, Dockhorn RJ, Kemp JP "Multicenter dose-ranging study of bitolterol mesylate solution for nebulization in children with asthma." Ann Allergy 72 (1994): 209-16
View all 50 references
Moderate

Beta- 2 Adrenergic Bronchodilators (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Diabetes

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Diabetes Mellitus

Adrenergic bronchodilators may cause increases in blood glucose concentrations. These effects are usually transient and slight, but may be significant with dosages higher than those normally recommended. Large doses of IV albuterol (not commercially available in the U.S.) and terbutaline sulfate have been reported to cause exacerbation of preexisting diabetes mellitus and ketoacidosis. Therapy with adrenergic bronchodilators should be administered cautiously in patients with diabetes mellitus. Closer monitoring of blood glucose concentrations may be appropriate. Systemic adverse effects are minimized, but not abolished, by administration of these agents via oral inhalation.

References

  1. "Product Information. Ventolin (albuterol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  2. Gawchik SM, Saccar CL, Noonan M, Reasner DS, DeGraw SS "The safety and efficacy of nebulized levalbuterol compared with racemic albuterol and placebo in the treatment of asthma in pediatric patients." J Allerg Clin Immunol 103 (1999): 615-21
  3. Bengtsson B, Fagerstrom PO "Extrapulmonary effects of terbutaline during prolonged administration." Clin Pharmacol Ther 31 (1982): 726-32
  4. "Product Information. Xopenex (levalbuterol)." Sepracor, Marlborough, MA.
  5. Price AH, Clissold SP "Salbutamol in the 1980s. A reappraisal of its clinical efficacy." Drugs 38 (1989): 77-122
  6. Meyer JM, Wenzel CL, Kradjan WA "Salmeterol: a novel, long-acting beta 2-agonist." Ann Pharmacother 27 (1993): 1478-87
  7. "Product Information. Maxair (pirbuterol)." 3M Pharmaceuticals, St. Paul, MN.
  8. Maconochie JG, Forster JK "Dose-response study with high-dose inhaled salmeterol in healthy subjects." Br J Clin Pharmacol 33 (1992): 342-5
  9. "Product Information. Tornalate Metered Dose (bitolterol)." Dura Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, CA.
  10. "Product Information. Severent (salmeterol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  11. Hastwell G, Lambert BE "The effect of oral salbutamol on serum potassium and blood sugar." Br J Obstet Gynaecol 85 (1978): 767-9
  12. Chazan R, Droszcz W, Maruchin JE "Pharmacodynamics of salbutamol in humans." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 26 (1988): 385-7
  13. "Product Information. Brethaire (terbutaline)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  14. "Product Information. Alupent (metaproterenol)." Boehringer-Ingelheim, Ridgefield, CT.
  15. "Product Information. Proventil (albuterol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
View all 15 references
Moderate

Beta- 2 Adrenergic Bronchodilators (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Hypokalemia

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Hypokalemia

Adrenergic bronchodilators may cause decreases in serum potassium concentrations, primarily when given by nebulization or intravenous administration. Although this effect is usually transient and does not require supplementation, clinically significant hypokalemia may occur in some patients, with the potential to induce cardiovascular adverse effects. The relevance of these observations to oral or oral aerosol/powder for inhalation therapy is unknown. Therapy with adrenergic bronchodilators should be administered cautiously in patients with or predisposed to hypokalemia.

References

  1. "Product Information. Alupent (metaproterenol)." Boehringer-Ingelheim, Ridgefield, CT.
  2. Gelmont DM, Balmes JR, Yee A "Hypokalemia induced by inhaled bronchodilators." Chest 94 (1988): 763-6
  3. Allon M, Dunlay R, Copkney C "Nebulized albuterol for acute hyperkalemia in patients on hemodialysis." Ann Intern Med 110 (1989): 426-9
  4. "Product Information. Proventil (albuterol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  5. Wong CS, Pavord ID, Williams J, Britton JR, Tattersfield AE "Bronchodilator, cardiovascular, and hypokalaemic effects of fenoterol, salbutamol, and terbutaline in asthma." Lancet 336 (1990): 1396-9
  6. Whyte KF, Addis GJ, Whitesmith R, Reid JL "The mechanism of salbutamol-induced hypokalaemia." Br J Clin Pharmacol 23 (1987): 65-71
  7. Gawchik SM, Saccar CL, Noonan M, Reasner DS, DeGraw SS "The safety and efficacy of nebulized levalbuterol compared with racemic albuterol and placebo in the treatment of asthma in pediatric patients." J Allerg Clin Immunol 103 (1999): 615-21
  8. "Product Information. Ventolin (albuterol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  9. Meyer JM, Wenzel CL, Kradjan WA "Salmeterol: a novel, long-acting beta 2-agonist." Ann Pharmacother 27 (1993): 1478-87
  10. "Product Information. Maxair (pirbuterol)." 3M Pharmaceuticals, St. Paul, MN.
  11. Sanders JP, Potter DE, Ellis S, Bee DE, Grant JA "Metabolic and cardiovascular effects of carbuterol and metaproterenol." J Allergy Clin Immunol 60 (1977): 174-9
  12. Larsson S, Svedmyr N "Bronchodilating effect and side effects of beta2- adrenoceptor stimulants by different modes of administration (tablets, metered aerosol, and combinations thereof). A study with salbutamol inasthmatics." Am Rev Respir Dis 116 (1977): 861-9
  13. Braden GL, vonOeyen PT, Germain MJ, Watson DJ, Haag BL "Ritodrine- and terbutaline-induced hypokalemia in preterm labor: Mechanisms and consequences." Kidney Int 51 (1997): 1867-75
  14. Windom H, Grainger J, Burgess C, Crane J, Pearce N, Beasley R "A comparison of the haemodynamic and hypokalaemic effects of inhaled pirbuterol and salbutamol." N Z Med J 103 (1990): 259-61
  15. "Product Information. Brethaire (terbutaline)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  16. Hurlbert BJ, Edelman JD, David K "Serum potassium levels during and after terbutaline." Anesth Analg 60 (1981): 723-5
  17. Kantola I, Tarssanen L "Hypokalemia from usual salbutamol dosage ." Chest 89 (1986): 619-20
  18. "Hypokalaemia due to salbutamol overdosage." Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 283 (1981): 500-1
  19. Hastwell G, Lambert BE "The effect of oral salbutamol on serum potassium and blood sugar." Br J Obstet Gynaecol 85 (1978): 767-9
  20. Tveskov C, Djurhuus MS, Klitgaard NAH, Egstrup K "Potassium and magnesium distribution, ECG changes, and ventricular ectopic beats during beta(2)-adrenergic stimulation with terbutaline in healthy subjects." Chest 106 (1994): 1654-9
  21. "Product Information. Tornalate Metered Dose (bitolterol)." Dura Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, CA.
  22. Bengtsson B, Fagerstrom PO "Extrapulmonary effects of terbutaline during prolonged administration." Clin Pharmacol Ther 31 (1982): 726-32
  23. Montoliu J, Almirall J, Ponz E, Campistol JM, Revert L "Treatment of hyperkalaemia in renal failure with salbutamol inhalation." J Intern Med 228 (1990): 35-7
  24. "Product Information. Xopenex (levalbuterol)." Sepracor, Marlborough, MA.
  25. Rakhmanina NY, Kearns GL, Farrar HC "Hypokalemia in an asthmatic child from abuse of albuterol metered dose inhaler." Pediatr Emerg Care 14 (1998): 145-7
  26. Price AH, Clissold SP "Salbutamol in the 1980s. A reappraisal of its clinical efficacy." Drugs 38 (1989): 77-122
  27. "Product Information. Severent (salmeterol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  28. Maconochie JG, Forster JK "Dose-response study with high-dose inhaled salmeterol in healthy subjects." Br J Clin Pharmacol 33 (1992): 342-5
  29. Gross TL, Sokol RJ "Severe hypokalemia and acidosis: a potential complication of beta- adrenergic treatment." Am J Obstet Gynecol 138 (1980): 1225-6
View all 29 references
Moderate

Beta- 2 Adrenergic Bronchodilators (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Seizures

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Seizures

Adrenergic bronchodilators may cause CNS stimulation. Therapy with adrenergic bronchodilators should be administered cautiously in patients with seizure disorders. Systemic adverse effects are minimized, but not abolished, by administration of these agents via oral inhalation.

References

  1. "Product Information. Proventil (albuterol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Alupent (metaproterenol)." Boehringer-Ingelheim, Ridgefield, CT.
  3. "Product Information. Ventolin (albuterol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  4. "Product Information. Xopenex (levalbuterol)." Sepracor, Marlborough, MA.
  5. Price AH, Clissold SP "Salbutamol in the 1980s. A reappraisal of its clinical efficacy." Drugs 38 (1989): 77-122
  6. "Product Information. Severent (salmeterol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  7. "Product Information. Maxair (pirbuterol)." 3M Pharmaceuticals, St. Paul, MN.
  8. "Product Information. Tornalate Metered Dose (bitolterol)." Dura Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, CA.
  9. Larsson S, Svedmyr N "Bronchodilating effect and side effects of beta2- adrenoceptor stimulants by different modes of administration (tablets, metered aerosol, and combinations thereof). A study with salbutamol inasthmatics." Am Rev Respir Dis 116 (1977): 861-9
  10. "Product Information. Brethaire (terbutaline)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
View all 10 references
Moderate

Anticholinergics (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Hypertension

Minor Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hypertension

Cardiovascular effects of anticholinergics may exacerbate hypertension. Therapy with anticholinergic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with hypertension.

References

  1. "Product Information. Marezine (cyclizine)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  2. "Product Information. Benadryl (diphenhydramine)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Cogentin (benztropine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  4. "Product Information. Artane (trihexyphenidyl)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  5. "Product Information. Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP (atropine)." ESI Lederle Generics, Philadelphia, PA.
  6. Valentin N, Staffeldt H, Kyst A "Effect of i.v. atropine on cardiac rhythm, heart rate, blood pressure and airway secretion during isoflurane anaesthesia." Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 28 (1984): 621-4
  7. "Product Information. Antivert (meclizine)." Roerig Division, New York, NY.
View all 7 references
Moderate

Atropine-Like Agents (Includes Glycopyrrolate/indacaterol) ↔ Fever

Minor Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Fever

Atropine-like agents may increase the risk of hyperthermia in patients with fever by producing anhidrosis. Therapy with atropine-like agents should be administered cautiously in febrile patients.

References

  1. Sarnquist F, Larson CP Jr "Drug-induced heat stroke." Anesthesiology 39 (1973): 348-50
  2. Lee BS "Possibility of hyperpyrexia with antipsychotic and anticholinergic drugs." J Clin Psychiatry 47 (1986): 571
  3. "Product Information. Atropine Sulfate Injection, USP (atropine)." ESI Lederle Generics, Philadelphia, PA.
  4. "Product Information. Cogentin (benztropine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  5. Stadnyk AN, Glezos JD "Drug-induced heat stroke." Can Med Assoc J 128 (1983): 957-9
  6. Forester D "Fatal drug-induced heat stroke." JACEP 7 (1978): 243-4
View all 6 references

glycopyrrolate / indacaterol drug Interactions

There are 1065 drug interactions with glycopyrrolate / indacaterol

glycopyrrolate / indacaterol alcohol/food Interactions

There are 3 alcohol/food interactions with glycopyrrolate / indacaterol

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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