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Furoxone (furazolidone) Disease Interactions

There are 3 disease interactions with Furoxone (furazolidone):

Moderate

Antibiotics (Includes Furoxone) ↔ Colitis

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Colitis/Enteritis (Noninfectious)

Pseudomembranous colitis has been reported with most antibacterial agents and may range in severity from mild to life-threatening, with an onset of up to two months following cessation of therapy. Antibiotic therapy can alter the normal flora of the colon and permit overgrowth of Clostridium difficile, whose toxin is believed to be a primary cause of antibiotic- associated colitis. The colitis is usually characterized by severe, persistent diarrhea and severe abdominal cramps, and may be associated with the passage of blood and mucus. The most common culprits are clindamycin, lincomycin, the aminopenicillins (amoxicillin, ampicillin), and the cephalosporins. Therapy with broad-spectrum antibiotics and other agents with significant antibacterial activity should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of gastrointestinal diseases, particularly colitis. There is some evidence that pseudomembranous colitis, if it occurs, may run a more severe course in these patients and that it may be associated with flares in their underlying disease activity. The offending antibiotic(s) should be discontinued if significant diarrhea occurs during therapy. Stool cultures for Clostridium difficile and stool assay for C. difficile toxin may be helpful diagnostically. A large bowel endoscopy may be considered to establish a definitive diagnosis in cases of severe diarrhea.

References

  1. Moriarty HJ, Scobie BA "Pseudomembranous colitis in a patient on rifampicin and ethambutol." N Z Med J 04/23/80 (1980): 294-5
  2. Thomas E, Mehta JB "Pseudomembranous colitis due to oxacillin therapy." South Med J 77 (1984): 532-3
  3. Harmon T, Burkhart G, Applebaum H "Perforated pseudomembranous colitis in the breast-fed infant." J Pediatr Surg 27 (1992): 744-6
View all 47 references
Moderate

Furazolidone (Includes Furoxone) ↔ Alcoholism

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Alcoholism

Furazolidone may inhibit alcohol dehydrogenase and occasionally precipitate a disulfiram-like reaction in patients who consume alcohol while taking the medication. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, flushing, sweating, headache, abdominal cramps, dyspnea, chest tightness, and hypotension. Patients should be instructed to avoid alcohol-containing products during therapy and for at least 4 days after the last dose. Therapy with furazolidone should be administered cautiously in patients who might be prone to acute alcohol intake. An alternative therapy may be appropriate.

References

  1. "Product Information. Furoxone (furazolidone)." Roberts Pharmaceutical Corporation, Eatontown, NJ.
  2. Altamirano A, Bondani A "Adverse reactions to furazolidone and other drugs. A comparative review." Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl 169 (1989): 70-80
Moderate

Furazolidone (Includes Furoxone) ↔ G-6-Pd Deficiency

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: G-6-PD Deficiency

Furazolidone may cause mild, reversible hemolytic anemia in the presence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) deficiency. Therapy with furazolidone should be administered cautiously in patients with G-6-PD deficiency. The drug should be discontinued if hemolytic anemia occurs during therapy.

References

  1. "Product Information. Furoxone (furazolidone)." Roberts Pharmaceutical Corporation, Eatontown, NJ.
  2. Altamirano A, Bondani A "Adverse reactions to furazolidone and other drugs. A comparative review." Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl 169 (1989): 70-80

Furoxone (furazolidone) drug Interactions

There are 821 drug interactions with Furoxone (furazolidone)

Furoxone (furazolidone) alcohol/food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with Furoxone (furazolidone)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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