Precedex (dexmedetomidine) Disease Interactions
There are 4 disease interactions with Precedex (dexmedetomidine):
Anxiolytics/sedatives/hypnotics (applies to Precedex) depression
Major Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.
A variety of abnormal thinking and behavior changes have been reported to occur in association with the use of most anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics. Some of these changes include decreased inhibition, aggressiveness, agitation, and hallucinations. These drugs can cause or exacerbate mental depression and cause suicidal behavior and ideation. Therapy with these drugs should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of depression or other psychiatric disorders. Patients should be monitored for any changes in mood or behavior. It may be prudent to refrain from dispensing large quantities of medication to these patients.
- "Product Information. Ambien (zolpidem)." sanofi-aventis, Bridgewater, NJ.
- "Product Information. Placidyl (ethchlorvynol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
- "Product Information. Sonata (zaleplon)" Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
- "Product Information. Equanil (meprobamate)." Wallace Laboratories, Cranbury, NJ.
- "Product Information. Aquachloral Supprettes (chloral hydrate)." Medisca, Plattsburg, NY.
Anxiolytics/sedatives/hypnotics (applies to Precedex) glaucoma
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Glaucoma/Intraocular Hypertension, Urinary Retention
Some hypnotic drugs can have an anticholinergic effect and should be used with caution in patients with glaucoma, and trouble urinating due to retention or enlarged prostate.
Anxiolytics/sedatives/hypnotics (applies to Precedex) liver disease
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility.
In general, anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics are extensively metabolized by the liver. Their plasma clearance may be decreased and their half-life prolonged in patients with impaired hepatic function. Therapy with these drugs should be administered cautiously in patients with liver disease (some are not recommended in severe liver impairment), and the dosage should be adjusted accordingly. Laboratory testing is recommended prior and during treatment.
Dexmedetomidine (applies to Precedex) cardiovascular dysfunction
Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility. Applicable conditions: Cardiovascular Disease, Heart Block, Diabetes Mellitus
The use of dexmedetomidine injection infusion decreases sympathetic nervous system activity and can cause hypotension, significant bradycardia and sinus arrest. Caution should be exercised when administered to patients with advanced heart block, severe ventricular dysfunction or any significant cardiovascular dysfunction. Hypotension or bradycardia can be expected to be more pronounced in patients with hypovolemia, diabetes mellitus, chronic hypertension and in the elderly.
Precedex (dexmedetomidine) drug interactions
There are 323 drug interactions with Precedex (dexmedetomidine)
Precedex (dexmedetomidine) alcohol/food interactions
There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with Precedex (dexmedetomidine)
More about Precedex (dexmedetomidine)
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
- Pricing & Coupons
- En Español
- Generic Availability
- Drug class: miscellaneous anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics
- Latest FDA Alerts (2)
Related treatment guides
Drug Interaction Classification
|Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
|No interaction information available.|
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