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Vanspar (buspirone) Disease Interactions

There are 5 disease interactions with Vanspar (buspirone):

Major

Anxiolytics/Sedatives/Hypnotics (Includes Vanspar) ↔ Depression

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Depression

A variety of abnormal thinking and behavior changes have been reported to occur in association with the use of most anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics. Some of these changes include decreased inhibition, aggressiveness, agitation, and hallucinations. These drugs can cause or exacerbate mental depression and cause suicidal behavior and ideation. Therapy with these drugs should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of depression or other psychiatric disorders. Patients should be monitored for any changes in mood or behavior. It may be prudent to refrain from dispensing large quantities of medication to these patients.

References

  1. "Product Information. Placidyl (ethchlorvynol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  2. "Product Information. Ambien (zolpidem)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  3. "Product Information. Equanil (meprobamate)." Wallace Laboratories, Cranbury, NJ.
View all 5 references
Major

Buspirone (Includes Vanspar) ↔ Renal/Liver Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease, Renal Dysfunction

Buspirone is primarily metabolized by the liver and subsequently eliminated by the kidney. In one study, steady-state area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of buspirone increased 13-fold in subjects with hepatic impairment and 4-fold in those with renal impairment compared to healthy subjects. Therapy with buspirone is not recommended in the presence of significantly impaired hepatic or renal function.

References

  1. Dalhoff K, Poulsen HE, Garred P, et al "Buspirone pharmacokinetics in patients with cirrhosis." Br J Clin Pharmacol 24 (1987): 547-50
  2. Gammans RE, Mayol RF, Labudde JA "Metabolism and disposition of buspirone." Am J Med 80 (1986): 41-51
  3. "Product Information. Buspar (buspirone)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
View all 4 references
Moderate

Anxiolytics/Sedatives/Hypnotics (Includes Vanspar) ↔ Glaucoma

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Glaucoma/Intraocular Hypertension, Urinary Retention

Some hypnotic drugs can have an anticholinergic effect and should be used with caution in patients with glaucoma, and trouble urinating due to retention or enlarged prostate.

Moderate

Anxiolytics/Sedatives/Hypnotics (Includes Vanspar) ↔ Liver Disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease

In general, anxiolytics, sedatives and hypnotics are extensively metabolized by the liver. Their plasma clearance may be decreased and their half-life prolonged in patients with impaired hepatic function. Therapy with these drugs should be administered cautiously in patients with liver disease (some are not recommended in severe liver impairment), and the dosage should be adjusted accordingly. Laboratory testing is recommended prior and during treatment.

Moderate

Buspirone (Includes Vanspar) ↔ Drug Dependence

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Drug Abuse/Dependence, Alcoholism

In human and animal studies, buspirone has not shown potential for abuse or diversion, and there is no evidence that it causes tolerance or physical and psychological dependence. However, since it is a CNS-active drug, the manufacturers recommend that therapy with buspirone be administered cautiously in addiction-prone individuals, such as those with a history of alcohol or substance abuse. It may be prudent to refrain from dispensing large quantities of medication to these patients.

References

  1. "Product Information. Buspar (buspirone)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.

Vanspar (buspirone) drug Interactions

There are 775 drug interactions with Vanspar (buspirone)

Vanspar (buspirone) alcohol/food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with Vanspar (buspirone)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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