Triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine (Oral)
Medically reviewed on June 7, 2018
trye-PROE-li-deen, soo-doe-e-FED-rin, KOE-deen
Pharmacologic Class: Antihistamine
Chemical Class: Alkylamine
Uses For This Medicine
Triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine combination is used to relieve cough, sneezing, itchy or runny nose, and nasal congestion (stuffy nose) caused by allergies or the common cold.
Triprolidine is an antihistamine that works by preventing the effects of a substance called histamine, which is produced by the body. Histamine can cause itching, sneezing, runny nose, and watery eyes. Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant, which decreases nasal congestion by narrowing the blood vessels and reducing blood flow to the nasal passage. Codeine is a narcotic antitussive (cough suppressant). It acts directly on the cough center in the brain to relieve cough.
When codeine is used for a long time, it may become habit-forming, causing mental or physical dependence. However, people who have continuing cough and nasal congestion should not let the fear of dependence keep them from using narcotics to relieve their cough. Mental dependence (addiction) is not likely to occur when narcotics are used for this purpose. Physical dependence may lead to withdrawal side effects if treatment is stopped suddenly. However, severe withdrawal side effects can usually be prevented by gradually reducing the dose over a period of time before treatment is stopped completely.
Triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before Using This Medicine
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine combination in children.
Triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine combination should not be used to relieve pain after surgery removal of tonsils or adenoids in children. Severe breathing problems and deaths have been reported in some children who received codeine after tonsil or adenoid surgery.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine combination in the elderly.
|All Trimesters||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
Studies in women breastfeeding have demonstrated harmful infant effects. An alternative to this medication should be prescribed or you should stop breastfeeding while using triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine.TriprolidinePseudoephedrine
Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.
- Methylene Blue
Using triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Chloral Hydrate
- Eslicarbazepine Acetate
- Iobenguane I 123
- Morphine Sulfate Liposome
- Nitrous Oxide
- Opium Alkaloids
- Sodium Oxybate
- St John's Wort
- Tolonium Chloride
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine with any of the following may cause an increased risk of certain side effects but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Asthma or
- Breathing problems (eg, obstructive sleep apnea) or
- Heart or blood vessel disease, severe or
- Hypertension (high blood pressure), severe or
- Surgery (eg, surgical removal of adenoid or tonsil), history of—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
- Asthma, history of or
- Brain problems (eg, tumor, increased pressure in the head), history of or
- Diabetes or
- Drug dependence, especially with narcotic abuse or dependence, or history of or
- Enlarged prostate or
- Gallbladder problems or
- Glaucoma or history of or
- Head injury, history of or
- Heart disease or
- Heart rhythm problems or
- Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) or
- Problems with passing urine or history of or
- Stomach or bowel problems (eg, ulcers, blockage)—Use with caution. May increase risk for more serious side effects.
- Kidney disease, severe or
- Liver disease, severe—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.
Proper Use of This Medicine
Take triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. If too much of triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine is taken for a long time, it may become habit-forming (causing mental or physical dependence) or cause an overdose.
Measure the oral liquid correctly using the marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup. The average household teaspoon may not hold the right amount of liquid. Ask your pharmacist for instructions for measuring the correct dose of triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine.
The dose of triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (syrup):
- For relief of cough, sneezing, or runny or stuffy nose:
- Adults and children 12 years of age and older—10 milliliters (mL) every 4 to 6 hours. Do not take more than 4 doses (40 mL) in 24 hours.
- Children 6 to 11 years of age—5 mL every 4 to 6 hours. Do not take more than 4 doses (20 mL) in 24 hours.
- Children 2 to 5 years of age—2.5 mL every 4 to 6 hours. Do not take more than 4 doses (10 mL).
- Children younger than 2 years of age—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For relief of cough, sneezing, or runny or stuffy nose:
If you miss a dose of triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Precautions While Using This Medicine
It is very important that your doctor check your progress while you are using triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to use it. If your symptoms do not improve or if they get worse, call your doctor.
Triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine may be habit-forming. If you feel that the medicine is not working as well, do not use more than your prescribed dose. Call your doctor for instructions.
If you think you or someone else may have taken an overdose of triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine, get emergency help at once. Symptoms of an overdose include: extreme dizziness or weakness, trouble breathing, slow heartbeat or breathing, seizures, and cold, clammy skin.
Triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine may make you dizzy or drowsy. Do not drive or do anything else until you know how triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine affects you.
Check with your doctor before using triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine with alcohol or other medicines that affect the central nervous system (CNS). The use of alcohol or other medicines that effect the CNS with triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine combination may worsen the side effects of triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine, such as dizziness, poor concentration, drowsiness, unusual dreams, and trouble with sleeping. Some examples of medicines that affect the CNS are antihistamines or medicine for allergies or colds, sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicines, medicine for depression, medicine for anxiety, prescription pain medicine or narcotics, medicine for attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, medicine for seizures or barbiturates, muscle relaxants, or anesthetics, including some dental anesthetics.
Codeine is changed to morphine in the body. Some people change codeine to morphine more quickly than others. These individuals are called "ultra-rapid metabolizers of codeine". Contact your doctor immediately if you experience extreme sleepiness, confusion, or shallow breathing. These symptoms may indicate that you are an "ultra-rapid metabolizer of codeine". As a result, there is too much morphine in the body and more side effects of morphine than usual. Children may be especially sensitive to this effect. Do not give triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine to children with obstructive sleep apnea (breathing problem) who have had surgery removal of tonsils or adenoids.
If a nursing mother is an ultra-rapid metabolizer of codeine, it could lead to a morphine overdose in the nursing baby and cause very serious side effects.
For nursing mothers taking triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine:
- Talk to your doctor if you have any questions about taking codeine or about how triprolidine, pseudoephedrine, and codeine may effect your baby.
- Call your doctor if you become extremely tired and have difficulty caring for your baby.
- Your baby should generally nurse every 2 to 3 hours and should not sleep for more than 4 hours at a time.
- Check with your doctor, hospital emergency room, or local emergency services (eg, "call 9-1-1") right away if your baby shows signs of increased sleepiness (more than usual), difficulty breastfeeding, difficulty breathing, or limpness. These may be symptoms of an overdose and need immediate medical attention.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
This Medicine Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
Incidence not known
- back, leg, or stomach pain
- black, tarry stools
- bleeding gums
- blood in the urine or stools
- blurred vision
- cold, clammy skin
- dark urine
- decrease in how much or how often you urinate
- difficulty breathing
- difficulty sleeping
- difficulty urinating
- disturbed coordination
- dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
- double vision
- drowsiness to profound loss of consciousness
- excessive sweating and chills
- false or unusual sense of well-being
- fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
- feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
- fever with or without chills
- general body swelling
- general feeling of tiredness or weakness
- loss of appetite
- lower back or side pain
- mood or other mental changes
- painful or difficult urination
- pinpoint red spots on the skin
- relaxed and calm feeling
- seeing double
- seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
- sensation of spinning
- sore throat
- sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
- stuffy nose
- thickening of bronchial secretions
- tightness of the chest
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual drowsiness, dullness, tiredness, weakness, or feeling of sluggishness
- yellowing of the eyes or skin
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
Incidence not known
- Burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
- dry mouth, throat, or nose
- increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight
- itching, skin rash
- redness or other discoloration of the skin
- severe sunburn
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
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