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Medications for Surgical Prophylaxis

What is Surgical Prophylaxis:  Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis is the administration of antibiotics at the time of surgery to prevent infections at the surgical site.

Medications to treat Surgical Prophylaxis

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
ranitidine B N Add review Rate

Generic name: ranitidine systemic

Brand names:  Zantac, Zantac 150, Deprizine, Berkley and Jensen Acid Reducer Maximum Strength, Zantac 75, Zantac 300, Careone Acid Reducer, Equaline Heartburn Relief, Sunmark Acid Reducer Maximum Strength, Taladine, Zantac EFFERdose

Drug class: H2 antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Ancef B N Add review Rate

Generic name: cefazolin systemic

Drug class: first generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
clindamycin B N 17 reviews
4.0

Generic name: clindamycin systemic

Brand names:  Cleocin, Cleocin HCl, Cleocin Pediatric, Cleocin Phosphate

Drug class: lincomycin derivatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Cleocin B N Add review Rate

Generic name: clindamycin systemic

Drug class: lincomycin derivatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
metronidazole B N X 2 reviews
9.0

Generic name: metronidazole systemic

Brand names:  Flagyl, Flagyl IV, Flagyl 375

Drug class: amebicides, miscellaneous antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
cefazolin B N Add review Rate

Generic name: cefazolin systemic

Brand names:  Ancef, Kefzol

Drug class: first generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Vancocin C N Add review Rate

Generic name: vancomycin systemic

Drug class: glycopeptide antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Flagyl B N X Add review Rate

Generic name: metronidazole systemic

Drug class: amebicides, miscellaneous antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Zantac B N Add review Rate

Generic name: ranitidine systemic

Drug class: H2 antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
vancomycin C N 1 review Rate

Generic name: vancomycin systemic

Brand names:  Vancocin, Vancocin HCl, Vancocin HCl Pulvules

Drug class: glycopeptide antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
cefuroxime B N 1 review
5.0

Generic name: cefuroxime systemic

Brand names:  Ceftin, Zinacef

Drug class: second generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Ceftin B N Add review Rate

Generic name: cefuroxime systemic

Drug class: second generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
cefotaxime B N Add review Rate

Generic name: cefotaxime systemic

Brand name:  Claforan

Drug class: third generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Claforan B N Add review Rate

Generic name: cefotaxime systemic

Drug class: third generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Flagyl IV B N X Add review Rate

Generic name: metronidazole systemic

Drug class: amebicides, miscellaneous antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Zantac 150 B N Add review Rate

Generic name: ranitidine systemic

Drug class: H2 antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Cefotan B N X Add review Rate

Generic name: cefotetan systemic

Drug class: second generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
ceftriaxone B N Add review Rate

Generic name: ceftriaxone systemic

Drug class: third generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Deprizine B N Add review Rate

Generic name: ranitidine systemic

Drug class: H2 antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Garamycin D N Add review Rate

Generic name: gentamicin systemic

Drug class: aminoglycosides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
gentamicin D N Add review Rate

Generic name: gentamicin systemic

Brand name:  Garamycin

Drug class: aminoglycosides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Berkley and Jensen Acid Reducer Maximum Strength B N Add review Rate

Generic name: ranitidine systemic

Drug class: H2 antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Mefoxin B N Add review Rate

Generic name: cefoxitin systemic

Drug class: second generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

 
Unasyn B N Add review Rate

Generic name: ampicillin / sulbactam systemic

Drug class: beta-lactamase inhibitors

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

 
Zantac 75 B N Add review Rate

Generic name: ranitidine systemic

Drug class: H2 antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

 
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Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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