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Medications for Surgical Prophylaxis

About Surgical Prophylaxis

Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis is the administration of antibiotics at the time of surgery to prevent infections at the surgical site.

Drugs used for Surgical Prophylaxis

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rating Reviews Activity ? Rx/OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol
ranitidine Rate Add review
Rx/OTC B N

Generic name: ranitidine systemic

Brand names:  Zantac, Deprizine, Zantac 150, Berkley and Jensen Acid Reducer Maximum Strength, Careone Acid Reducer, Equaline Heartburn Relief, Sunmark Acid Reducer Maximum Strength …show all

Drug class: H2 antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

clindamycin 3.7 23 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: clindamycin systemic

Brand names:  Cleocin, Cleocin Phosphate, Cleocin HCl, Cleocin Pediatric …show all

Drug class: lincomycin derivatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

cefazolin Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: cefazolin systemic

Drug class: first generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

metronidazole 6.8 5 reviews
Rx B N X

Generic name: metronidazole systemic

Brand names:  Flagyl, Flagyl IV, Flagyl 375

Drug class: amebicides, miscellaneous antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

vancomycin 10 2 reviews
Rx C N

Generic name: vancomycin systemic

Brand names:  Vancocin, Vancocin HCl, Vancocin HCl Pulvules

Drug class: glycopeptide antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

cefuroxime 4.0 2 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: cefuroxime systemic

Brand names:  Ceftin, Zinacef

Drug class: second generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

ceftriaxone Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: ceftriaxone systemic

Drug class: third generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Flagyl 1.0 1 review
Rx B N X

Generic name: metronidazole systemic

Drug class: amebicides, miscellaneous antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Cleocin Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: clindamycin systemic

Drug class: lincomycin derivatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

ciprofloxacin 1.0 1 review
Rx C N

Generic name: ciprofloxacin systemic

Brand names:  Cipro, Cipro I.V., Cipro XR

Drug class: quinolones

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Zantac Rate Add review
Rx/OTC B N

Generic name: ranitidine systemic

Drug class: H2 antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

gentamicin Rate Add review
Rx D N

Generic name: gentamicin systemic

Brand name:  Garamycin

Drug class: aminoglycosides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Vancocin Rate Add review
Rx C N

Generic name: vancomycin systemic

Drug class: glycopeptide antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

cefotaxime Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: cefotaxime systemic

Brand name:  Claforan

Drug class: third generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

ampicillin Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: ampicillin systemic

Drug class: aminopenicillins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Flagyl IV Rate Add review
Rx B N X

Generic name: metronidazole systemic

Drug class: amebicides, miscellaneous antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Cipro 1.0 1 review
Rx C N

Generic name: ciprofloxacin systemic

Drug class: quinolones

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Deprizine Rate Add review
Rx/OTC B N

Generic name: ranitidine systemic

Drug class: H2 antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Zantac 150 Rate Add review
Rx/OTC B N

Generic name: ranitidine systemic

Drug class: H2 antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Ceftin Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: cefuroxime systemic

Drug class: second generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Claforan Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: cefotaxime systemic

Drug class: third generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Cleocin Phosphate Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: clindamycin systemic

Drug class: lincomycin derivatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Flagyl 375 Rate Add review
Rx B N X

Generic name: metronidazole systemic

Drug class: amebicides, miscellaneous antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Garamycin Rate Add review
Rx D N

Generic name: gentamicin systemic

Drug class: aminoglycosides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Berkley and Jensen Acid Reducer Maximum Strength Rate Add review
Rx/OTC B N

Generic name: ranitidine systemic

Drug class: H2 antagonists

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Legend

Rating For ratings, users were asked how effective they found the medicine while considering positive/adverse effects and ease of use (1 = not effective, 10 = most effective).
Activity Activity is based on recent site visitor activity relative to other medications in the list.
Rx Prescription Only.
OTC Over the Counter.
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter.
Off-label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Pregnancy Category
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.