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Urinary Tract Infection in Children

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jul 7, 2024.

What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)?

A UTI is caused by bacteria that get inside your child's urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Most UTIs happen in the lower urinary tract, which includes the bladder and urethra.

Urinary Tract

What increases my child's risk for a UTI?

UTIs are more common in girls because the urethra is shorter. This allows bacteria to enter the urinary tract more easily. The following increase your child's risk for a UTI:

What are the signs and symptoms of a UTI in children younger than 2 years?

What are the signs and symptoms of a UTI in children older than 2 years?

How is a UTI diagnosed?

Your child's healthcare provider will ask about your child's signs and symptoms. The provider may press on your child's stomach, sides, and back to check if he or she feels pain. Your child may need any of the following:

How is a UTI treated?

Antibiotics are used to treat a bacterial infection. Your child may need to get antibiotics through an IV if he or she is very young.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

How can I help prevent my child from getting a UTI?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my child's doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's healthcare providers to decide what care you want for your child. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.