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Urinary Tract Infection In Children
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is when bacteria get inside your child's urinary tract. Your child's urinary tract includes his kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urine is made in the kidneys, and it flows from the ureters to the bladder. Urine leaves your child's body through his urethra. Your child may have a lower UTI, which is an infection in his bladder and urethra.
Return to the emergency department if:
- Your child is vomiting so much that he cannot keep his medicine down.
- Your child has very strong pain in his belly, sides, or back.
- Your child urinates very little or not at all.
Contact your child's healthcare provider if:
- Your child has a fever.
- Your child is not getting better after 1 to 2 days of treatment.
- You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.
- Antibiotics: This medicine is given to fight an infection caused by bacteria. Give your child this medicine exactly as ordered by his healthcare provider. Do not stop giving your child the antibiotics unless directed by his healthcare provider. Never save antibiotics or give your child leftover antibiotics that were given to him for another illness.
- Acetaminophen: This medicine decreases pain and fever. You can buy acetaminophen without a doctor's order. Ask how much your child should take and how often he should take it. Follow directions. Acetaminophen can cause liver damage if not taken correctly.
- NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine is available with or without a doctor's order. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If your child takes blood thinner medicine, always ask if NSAIDs are safe for him. Always read the medicine label and follow directions. Do not give these medicines to children under 6 months of age without direction from your child's healthcare provider.
- Give your child's medicine as directed. Contact your child's healthcare provider if you think the medicine is not working as expected. Tell him or her if your child is allergic to any medicine. Keep a current list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs your child takes. Include the amounts, and when, how, and why they are taken. Bring the list or the medicines in their containers to follow-up visits. Carry your child's medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Follow up with your child's healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your child's visits.
Prevent another UTI:
- Have your child empty his bladder often. Make sure your child urinates and empties his bladder as soon as he feels he needs to. Teach your child not to hold his urine for long periods of time.
- Teach your child to wipe from front to back. Your child should wipe from front to back after she urinates or has a bowel movement to keep germs from entering the urinary tract.
- Encourage your child to drink plenty of fluids. This may help him urinate more often. Ask how much liquid your child should drink each day and which liquids are best for him.
- Treat your child's constipation. This may lower his UTI risk. Ask how to treat your child's constipation.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.