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Ulcerative Colitis, Ambulatory Care

Ulcerative colitis

is a chronic disease of the colon. Ulcers form on the inner lining of your colon and cause bleeding and inflammation.

Common symptoms include the following:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Fatigue and pale skin
  • Poor appetite and weight loss
  • Loss of bowel movement control
  • Slow growth and development in children

Seek immediate care for the following symptoms:

  • Sudden difficulty breathing
  • Fast heart rate, fast breathing, or too dizzy to stand up
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Vomiting blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds
  • Blood in bowel movement

Treatment for ulcerative colitis

may include medicine to decrease inflammation and control your immune system. You may need surgery to remove all or part of your colon.

Manage ulcerative colitis:

  • Eat a variety of healthy foods. Healthy foods include fruits, vegetables, whole-grain breads, low-fat dairy products, beans, lean meats, and fish. Avoid foods that make your symptoms worse. Ask if you should take vitamins or minerals, or need to be on a special diet.
  • Drink liquids as directed. Ask how much liquid to drink each day and which liquids are best for you. For most people, good liquids to drink are water, juice, and milk. Do not drink alcohol. This can make your symptoms worse.
  • Exercise regularly. Ask about the best exercise plan for you. Exercise can help prevent constipation.
  • Manage stress. Stress may slow healing and cause illness. Learn new ways to relax, such as deep breathing.

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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