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Type 2 Diabetes in Adults: New Diagnosis


Type 2 diabetes is a disease that affects how your body uses glucose (sugar). Normally, when the blood sugar level increases, the pancreas makes more insulin. Insulin helps move sugar out of the blood so it can be used for energy. Type 2 diabetes develops because either the body cannot make enough insulin, or it cannot use the insulin correctly. Type 2 diabetes can be controlled to prevent damage to your heart, blood vessels, and other organs.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

A dietitian

will work with you to create a meal plan that will help you control your blood sugar. Ask how your favorite foods may fit into this meal plan. Ask your care team provider for more information about meal planning.


is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.


Diabetes medicine or insulin may be given to decrease the amount of sugar in your blood. These medicines help your body move the sugar to your cells where it is used for energy. You may also need medicine to lower your risk for heart disease. An example includes medicine to lower or control your cholesterol.


  • Blood glucose tests may be checked 3 times a day or more. A glucose meter will be placed at your bedside. You will be taught how to check your blood sugar levels using the meter. Then, you will be encouraged to check your own levels and write down the results.
  • A urine sample may show the amount of ketones and sugar in your urine. This test helps show how well your blood sugar level is being controlled and if you need more tests.

Diabetes education:

Your diabetes care team will teach you how to manage your diabetes. A care team provider may also visit you at home to teach you more about diabetes, or you may attend classes. They will teach you what to do if your blood sugar level goes too high or too low. They will also help you plan sick day management.


Diabetes that is not controlled can damage your nerves, veins, and arteries. High blood sugar levels may damage other body tissues and organs over time. Damage to arteries may increase your risk for heart attack and stroke. Nerve damage may also lead to other heart, stomach, and nerve problems. Diabetes is life-threatening if it is not controlled. Control your blood glucose levels to prevent health problems. You may need weight loss surgery to help improve or slow the effects of complications.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Type 2 Diabetes in Adults: New Diagnosis (Inpatient Care)

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.