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Non-diabetic Hypoglycemia In Childhood

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:

Non-diabetic hypoglycemia is a condition that causes your child's blood glucose (sugar) level to drop too low. This type of low blood sugar level can happen in children who do not have diabetes. When your child's blood sugar level drops too low, his brain cells and muscles do not have enough energy to work well. Glucose is also important for helping your child's brain grow normally.

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that your child may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your child's medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done to your child. Make sure all of your questions are answered.

An IV

is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.

Medicines:

  • Glucagon is a hormone that may be given to help increase your child's blood sugar level. Glucagon is usually given as a shot.
  • Glucose may be given through an IV if your child cannot eat foods that have carbohydrate.

Tests:

  • Blood tests are done to measure your child's blood sugar levels. These tests may also be done to find the cause of your child's hypoglycemia.
  • Fasting tests may be done. Healthcare providers watch your child closely during a period of time in which your child does not eat. This test is done to see if, and when hypoglycemia occurs.
  • An oral glucose tolerance test may be done. After your child has fasted for 8 hours, his blood sugar level is tested. He is then given a glucose drink. His blood sugar level is checked after 1 hour and again after 2 hours. Healthcare providers look at how much his blood sugar level increases from the first check.

Treatment:

Treatment depends on the cause of your child's hypoglycemia. For example, healthcare providers may change your child's diet if he has ketotic hypoglycemia. Your child may need to be fed often. He may also need to be on a high-protein, high-carbohydrate diet. Some foods that contain protein are red meat, poultry (chicken and turkey), fish, beans, eggs, and nuts. Some foods that contain carbohydrate are bread, tortillas, cereal, rice, and pasta.

RISKS:

Without treatment, your child's brain may not grow and develop as it should. Hypoglycemia that occurs over a long period of time can lead to mental retardation, seizures, or both.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's caregivers to decide what care you want for your child.

© 2016 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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