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Ketogenic Diet

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jul 7, 2024.

What is a ketogenic diet?

The ketogenic diet may help decrease your seizures if they do not respond to epilepsy medicine. The ketogenic diet is high in fat and low in carbohydrates. It causes your body to produce ketones (chemicals) that can help decrease seizures. You may need to follow this diet for at least 3 months to find out if it helps to decrease your seizures.

What are the different types of ketogenic diets?

There are 4 different types of ketogenic diets. Your healthcare provider or dietitian can help choose the best ketogenic diet for you. He or she will also help you plan meals. Your provider or dietitian will need to monitor your health very closely while you follow a ketogenic diet.

What side effects may occur with a ketogenic diet?

You may have low blood sugar, dehydration, weight loss, and fatigue. You may also have nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Over time, your blood cholesterol levels may increase. You may develop kidney stones if you take certain seizure medicines.

What do I need to know about medicines if I follow a ketogenic diet?

What else do I need to know if I follow a ketogenic diet?

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.