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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Gonorrhea, or gonococcal urethritis, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by bacteria. It is spread by unprotected oral, vaginal, or anal sex. Gonorrhea causes inflammation of the urethra. The urethra is the tube where urine passes from the bladder to the outside of the body. Anyone with multiple sexual partners is at higher risk for gonorrhea.
- Antibiotics help treat the infection caused by bacteria. Both you and your sexual partner have to be treated to prevent gonorrhea from spreading.
- Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
You may need to return regularly for tests. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
Prevent the spread of gonorrhea:
- Use a condom during oral, vaginal, and anal sex. Ask for more information about the correct way to use condoms.
- Do not have sex with someone who has gonorrhea. This includes oral, vaginal, and anal sex.
- Do not have sex while you or your partner are being treated for gonorrhea. Ask when it is safe to have sex.
- Tell your healthcare provider if you are pregnant. Gonorrhea can be passed to an infant during birth.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- You have a fever.
- You have chills, a cough, or feel weak and achy.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Return to the emergency department if:
- You have chest pain or trouble breathing.
- You have pain and swelling in your scrotum.
- You have pain in your abdomen or joints.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.