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Cystoscopy in Children

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What do I need to know about my child's cystoscopy?

A cystoscopy is a procedure to look inside your child's urethra and bladder using a cystoscope. A cystoscope is a small tube with a light and magnifying camera on the end. The procedure is used to diagnose and treat conditions of the bladder and urethra.

Urinary Tract

How can I prepare my child for a cystoscopy?

Your child's healthcare provider will talk to you about how to prepare your child for the procedure. He or she will tell you what medicines your child should take or not take on the day of the procedure. Your child may need to stop eating at midnight the night before the cystoscopy. Your child may need to drink a large amount of liquid before the procedure.

What will happen during the cystoscopy?

Your child will be given general anesthesia to keep him or her asleep and pain free during the procedure. The cystoscope will be will be placed through your child's urethra and into his or her bladder. The urologist will look at the walls of your child's urethra as the scope goes through to his or her bladder. Your child's bladder will be filled with liquid so the urologist can see the inside of his or her bladder more clearly. Tools may be inserted through the cystoscope to treat any problems in your child's urethra or bladder. The provider may also take a sample of tissue and send it to a lab for tests.

What will happen after the cystoscopy?

You will be able to take your child home after he or she is fully awake. You may see small amounts of blood in your child's urine. This is normal. It is also normal for your child to have an increased need to urinate. Your child may also have burning or mild discomfort in his or her bladder or kidney area during urination.

What are the risks of a cystoscopy?

Your child may bleed more than expected or develop an infection. Your child's urethra, bladder, or ureters may get damaged during his or her procedure. He or she may also have abdominal pain. Swelling caused by the cystoscopy may cause a blockage or slow urine flow.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's healthcare providers to decide what care you want for your child. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.