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Cystoscopy In Children


A cystoscopy

is a procedure to look inside your child's urethra and bladder. A urologist uses a cystoscope to do the procedure. A cystoscope is a scope with a light and camera on the end. A cystoscopy is used to find the cause of problems in your child's urethra and bladder. These problems may include any of the following:

  • Recurrent urinary tract infections
  • Blood in your child's urine
  • Urinating often (more than 8 times per day)
  • Not able to hold back urine
  • Not able to empty bladder completely
  • Pain before, during, after urinating
  • Abnormal cells found during urine tests

Prepare for your child's cystoscopy:

Tell your child's healthcare provider the medicine your child takes. Your child's healthcare provider may tell you what medicines to give or not give your child. Your child may need to stop eating at midnight the night before the cystoscopy. Your child may need to drink a large amount of liquid before the procedure. Your child may be given medicine to help him relax.

During your child's cystoscopy:

Your child will be given general anesthesia to keep him sleep and pain-free during the procedure. He may receive an antibiotic in his IV before the procedure. The cystoscope will be will be placed through your child's urethra and into his bladder. The urologist will look at the walls of your child's urethra as the scope goes through to his bladder. Your child's bladder may be filled with an irrigation liquid to make the bladder full. This will help the urologist see the inside of your child's bladder more clearly. Medical tools may be used to remove tissue or stones. The urologist may use a special tool to stop any bleeding in your child's bladder. If your child has blood clots in his bladder, an irrigation fluid may be put in first. Then, suction will be used to remove the fluid and blood clots.

After your child's cystoscopy:

You will be able to take your child home after he is fully awake. After a cystoscopy, it is normal for your child to have pink-colored urine. It is also normal for your child to have an increased need to urinate. He may have a burning feeling when he urinates.

  • Have your child drink 3 to 4 glasses of water for 2 days after the cystoscopy. Avoid giving him acidic juices such as orange juice and lemonade. Water can help prevent blood clots from forming. It can also help decrease the amount of acid in your child's urine. Acid in your child's urine may increase the burning feeling when he urinates.
  • Have your child sit in a tub of warm water. Warm water may help decrease pain and bladder spasms. You may need to have your young child urinate while in the water to decrease the burning feeling.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.