Skip to Content

Colchicine capsules

Pronunciation

Generic Name: colchicine (KOL-chi-seen)
Brand Name: Mitigare

Colchicine capsules are used for:

Preventing gout flares. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Colchicine capsules are a beta-tubulin interactor. Exactly how colchicine capsules works is not known. However, it may affect certain proteins in the body, which may relieve gout symptoms.

Do NOT use colchicine capsules if:

  • you are allergic to any ingredient in colchicine capsules
  • you have both liver and kidney problems
  • you have liver or kidney problems and you are also taking certain other medicines (eg, atazanavir, boceprevir, clarithromycin, cyclosporine, darunavir, indinavir, itraconazole, ketoconazole, nefazodone, nelfinavir, posaconazole, ranolazine, ritonavir or any medicine that contains ritonavir, saquinavir, telaprevir, telithromycin, tipranavir, troleandomycin)

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.

Before using colchicine capsules:

Some medical conditions may interact with colchicine capsules. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:

  • if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
  • if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
  • if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
  • if you have liver or kidney problems

Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with colchicine capsules. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:

  • Digoxin, fibrates (eg, fenofibric acid, gemfibrozil), or HMG-Co A reductase inhibitors (eg, simvastatin) because the risk of severe or fatal muscle problems may be increased
  • Amprenavir, aprepitant, atazanavir, azole antifungals (eg, fluconazole, itraconazole, ketoconazole, posaconazole), boceprevir, cyclosporine, darunavir, diltiazem, fosamprenavir, fosaprepitant, indinavir, macrolide antibiotics (eg, clarithromycin, erythromycin, troleandomycin), nefazodone, nelfinavir, ranolazine, ritonavir or any medicine that contains ritonavir, saquinavir, telaprevir, telithromycin, tipranavir, or verapamil because they may increase the risk of colchicine capsules's side effects, including severe or fatal side effects
  • Sympathomimetics (eg, pseudoephedrine, albuterol) because the risk of their side effects may be increased

This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if colchicine capsules may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.

How to use colchicine capsules:

Use colchicine capsules as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.

  • Colchicine capsules comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get colchicine capsules refilled.
  • Take colchicine capsules by mouth with or without food.
  • Do not eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice while you are using colchicine capsules.
  • Continue to use colchicine capsules even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
  • If you miss a dose of colchicine capsules, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.

Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use colchicine capsules.

Important safety information:

  • Colchicine capsules are not approved to treat gout flares. If you have a gout flare while taking colchicine capsules, talk with your doctor. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
  • Do NOT take more than the recommended dose without checking with your doctor.
  • Colchicine capsules may lower the ability of your body to fight infection. Avoid contact with people who have colds or infections. Tell your doctor if you notice signs of infection like fever, sore throat, rash, or chills.
  • Colchicine capsules may reduce the number of clot-forming cells (platelets) in your blood. Avoid activities that may cause bruising or injury. Tell your doctor if you have unusual bruising or bleeding. Tell your doctor if you have dark, tarry, or bloody stools.
  • Accidental ingestion or overdose of colchicine capsules has been fatal in children and adults. Keep colchicine capsules out of the reach of children. In case of an overdose, call a doctor or poison control center right away.
  • If nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea occurs, ask your doctor for ways to lessen these effects. Contact your doctor right away if you experience severe or persistent diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting.
  • Tell your doctor or dentist that you take colchicine capsules before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
  • Use colchicine capsules with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, including muscle and nerve problems.
  • PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using colchicine capsules while you are pregnant. Colchicine capsules are found in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you use colchicine capsules, check with your doctor. Discuss any possible risks to your baby.

Possible side effects of colchicine capsules:

All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Diarrhea; nausea; stomach pain or cramping; vomiting.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness (with or without fever or fatigue); numbness or tingling in the fingers or toes; pale or gray color of the lips, tongue, or palms of the hands; severe or persistent diarrhea, nausea, stomach pain, or vomiting; signs of infection (eg, fever, chills, severe or persistent sore throat); unusual bleeding or bruising; unusual tiredness or weakness.

This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.

If OVERDOSE is suspected:

Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.

Proper storage of colchicine capsules:

Store colchicine capsules at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C), in a tightly closed container. Store away from heat, light, and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep colchicine capsules out of the reach of children and away from pets.

General information:

  • If you have any questions about colchicine capsules, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • Colchicine capsules are to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
  • If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
  • Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.

This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take colchicine capsules or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about colchicine capsules. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to colchicine capsules. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using colchicine capsules.

Review Date: August 8, 2016

Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.

Hide