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Ovucheck Premate 10

This page contains information on Ovucheck Premate 10 for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Ovucheck Premate 10 Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Ovucheck Premate 10
  • Direction and dosage information for Ovucheck Premate 10

Ovucheck Premate 10

This treatment applies to the following species:
Company: Zoetis

Recommended Guidelines for Ovulation Timing Using


Detection Of Canine Progesterone

OVUCHECK® Premate is designed to be a rapid and simple method of determining the level of progesterone in canine serum and plasma. During anestrus and proestrus, the progesterone level is very low (0 to 1.0 ng/ml). Prior to the Luteinizing Hormone (LH) surge, the progesterone level begins to increase, reaching a level of 1.5 - 2.5 ng/ml during the LH surge, and will continue to rise after ovulation has occurred. To identify the bitch’s fertile period, compare the color in the sample well with the A and B control wells. The first day color in the sample well matches the color in A well indicates that progesterone has risen to 3 ng/ml and that the LH surge has likely occurred in the past 24-72 hours. Breeding should begin within 48-72 hours (depending on the type of breeding to be performed). It is recommended that an additional sample be tested 2 to 4 days later to confirm that ovulation has occurred.

Test Principles

OvuCHECK® Premate is a progesterone assay that provides a convenient semi-quantitative measurement of progesterone levels without special equipment. The quantity of progesterone present is indicated by a change in color, which is compared with low (A control = 3 ng/ml) and high (B control = 10 ng/ml) progesterone standards.

When To Start Testing

At least one serum or plasma sample should be ran during proestrus (or the first 5 days heat) to determine the bitch’s baseline progesterone level. This varies in individual dogs, but will usually range between O and 1.0 ng/ml - giving a test result that is darker than the A and B controls.

If you are not comfortable performing and interpreting vaginal smears and the breeding is extremely important, or if the bitch has trouble conceiving, begin testing early - e.g., day 3 or 4 of proestrus and continue testing until you are certain of the progesterone rise indicating the LH peak has occurred. Sampling every other day is usually adequate. Sampling and testing every day may provide more precise timing for the breeding.

If you are comfortable performing and interpreting vaginal smears, you may want to use vaginal cytology as a guideline for continued progesterone testing. Once vaginal cytology show 50% or 60% cornification, run progesterone levels every other day. (Cornification is the histological and cytological process resulting in cells with roughened, angulated borders with or without a nucleus).

Timing Of The Fertile Period

Unsuccessful breeding results more often from improper timing than any other cause. Proper timing of breeding can be achieved conveniently with the use of hormonal assays. The outward signs of heat (flagging, vulvar swelling, vaginal discharge, and changes in vaginal cytology) are primarily controlled by estrogen. Unfortunately, these changes are only an approximation of ovulation and can vary by more than a week. A much more precise measure is the LH surge, which actually triggers ovulation. Ovulation occurs 2 days after the LH surge. The oocytes then require an additional 2 to 3 days to mature and will live for about 48 to 72 hours. Thus, the fertile period of the bitch falls between days 4 to 7 after the LH peak, with the most fertile days beginning on days 5 and 6 after the LH peak.

OvuCHECK® Premate progesterone assay allows you to estimate the day of the LH surge. During LH surge, progesterone levels will begin to rise to the 1.5 - 2.5 ng/ml level. Progesterone will continue to rise as the cycle progresses and remain elevated for 2 to 3 months in nonpregnant as well as pregnant bitches. OvuCHECK® Premate will initially detect the rise in progesterone when it reaches 3 ng/ml.

When To Conduct Inseminations

By properly planning multiple breedings or inseminations, you will optimize the probability of success.

Natural Breeding or Fresh Artificial Insemination

Fresh semen from a normal healthy stud often lives up to five or more days in the bitch. Therefore, semen Inseminated a day or two before the fertile period will usually be viable at the time of peak fertility. Zoetis recommends that breeding begin when the progesterone level has

risen above 3 ng/ml. To most effectively cover the fertile period, breeding should be repeated every 2 to 3 days for a total of 2 to 3 breedings.

Fresh Chilled Semen Breeding

Fresh chilled semen will usually live for 2 to 4 days post collection - one day of this time is used in shipping. The reduced survival time for the sperm requires the breeding to be conducted closer to the short fertile period of the bitch. The LH surge can be most accurately identified using the Witness® LH assay kit. Zoetis recommends that 2 inseminations, using separate ejaculates, be conducted on days 3 and 5, or 4 and 6 after the LH peak.

Frozen Semen Breeding

Frozen semen survives less than 24 hours once it is thawed, so timing is even more crucial than with fresh chilled semen breeding. It is critical that the LH surge be identified using the Witness® LH assay kit. Frozen semen breedings should be conducted on days 4, 5, and 6 after the LH peak with multiple vaginal inseminations. If one surgical insemination is planned, it should be performed on day 5 or 6 after the LH peak.


● Progesterone levels from OvuCHECK® Premate and commercial labs will vary. The key is to get a baseline reading and see an increase from that level to know that the bitch is ovulating.

● Within the first 5 days of proestrus, take a progesterone reading to determine a baseline level.

● At 50% cornification, or around the 4th or 5th day or proestrus, start doing progesterone testing at least every other day.

● Around the time the LH surge is occurring, the progesterone level will be increasing, so the color in the sample well will be fading and approaching the color of the A well.

● The day the sample well matches the A well, progesterone has risen to 3 ng/ml, the LH surge has most likely occurred, and the breeding may commence within 48-72 hours (depending on the type of breeding to be performed). Perform another progesterone test 2-4 days later to ensure levels continue to rise, confirming that ovulation has occurred. Breedings should continue until the progesterone level is lighter than the B well.

● When the sample well is equal to, or lighter than the B well, the progesterone level is 10 ng/ml or greater. During peak fertility, the progesterone level is usually between 5-20 ng/ml, on the average.

● Progesterone will continue to rise and remain elevated for 2-3 months in both pregnant and nonpregnant dogs.


● Within the first 5 days of proestrus, take a progesterone reading to determine a baseline level.

● At 50% cornification, or around the 4th or 5th day or proestrus, start doing LH testing daily and progesterone testing at least every other day.

● A positive Witness® LH test result indicates the LH level in the sample is >1 ng/ml. During this peak, progesterone levels are about 1.5-2.5 ng/ml. The progesterone level will rise and be as light, or lighter, than the A well by day 2-3 post LH surge.

● The day of the LH surge is counted as Day 0. The surge will last approximately 24 hours and will trigger ovulation 2 days after the LH surge. The fertile period is 4-7 days after the LH surge.

Zoetis, 333 Portage Street, Kalamazoo, MI 49007

For product information call:

US VMIPS 1-888-963-8471

Canada 1-800-461-0917

OVUCHECK® is a registered trademark of Biovet.

Witness® LH is a registered trademark of Zoetis.

©2019 Zoetis Inc.


Presentation: 10 possible tests (Premate 10).

CPN: 1115055.5

Telephone:   269-359-4414
Customer Service:   888-963-8471
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Copyright © 2023 Animalytix LLC. Updated: 2023-05-29