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Clomicalm 20 mg (Canada)

This page contains information on Clomicalm 20 mg for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Clomicalm 20 mg Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Clomicalm 20 mg
  • Direction and dosage information for Clomicalm 20 mg

Clomicalm 20 mg

This treatment applies to the following species:
Company: Virbac

Clomipramine hydrochloride

DIN 02239207

DIN 02239206,

DIN 02239205

CLOMICALM® (clomipramine hydrochloride) tablets are a twice daily oral treatment for dogs which has been shown to be effective when administered in combination with behaviour modification techniques for the treatment of anxieties and stereotypies (obsessive compulsive disorder).

Introduction

Virbac encourages you to take time to read the package insert which describes the use of CLOMICALM (clomipramine hydrochloride) to treat certain behavioural concerns in dogs. CLOMICALM tablets are only available through veterinarians.

Description

The active ingredient in CLOMICALM tablets are clomipramine hydrochloride. The active ingredient in vivo is clomipramine and its major metabolite, desmethylclomipramine. Both clomipramine and desmethylclomipramine contribute to the broad-spectrum of action of CLOMICALM tablets by blocking the neuronal re-uptake of both noradrenaline and serotonin (5-HT). CLOMICALM tablets therefore possesses the properties of both a tricyclic antidepressant and a serotonin re-uptake inhibitor.

Clomicalm 20 mg Indications

Treatment of anxieties. Treatment of stereotypies (obsessive compulsive disorders) such as lick dermatitis.

Dosage

CLOMICALM tablets are administered twice daily at a dose of 1-2 mg/kg to give a total daily dose of 2-4 mg/kg according to the following table:

Body Weight

Dosage Per Administration

CLOMICALM 5 mg

CLOMICALM 20 mg

CLOMICALM 80 mg

1.25 - 2.5 kg

>2.5 - 5 kg

1/2 tablet

1 tablet

-

-

-

-

>5 - 10 kg

>10 - 20 kg

-

-

1/2 tablet

1 tablet

-

-

>20 - 40 kg

>40 - 80 kg

-

-

-

-

1/2 tablet

1 tablet

Administration

CLOMICALM tablets are given orally with or without food. In clinical trials, CLOMICALM tablets have been shown to be effective when administered for 2-3 months in combination with behaviour modification techniques for the treatment of anxieties (generalized anxiety and anxiety when separated from the owner). CLOMICALM tablets have been shown to be also effective in the treatment of stereotypies (obsessive-compulsive disorder) such as lick dermatitis when administered for a minimum of 1 month.

Pharmacodynamic Properties

CLOMICALM tablets contain clomipramine hydrochloride. The active ingredient in vivo is clomipramine and its major metabolite, desmethylclomipramine. Both clomipramine and desmethylclomipramine contribute to the effects of CLOMICALM tablets: clomipramine is a potent and selective 5-HT re-uptake inhibitor while desmethylclomipramine is a potent and selective noradrenaline re-uptake inhibitor. The principle mechanism of action of CLOMICALM tablets is potentiation of the effects of noradrenaline and 5-HT in the brain by inhibiting their neuronal re-uptake. In addition, CLOMICALM tablets have anticholinergic effects by antagonism of cholinergic muscarinic receptors.

Pharmacokinetic Properties

Clomipramine is well absorbed (>80%) from the gastrointestinal tract in dogs when administered orally. When administered to fasted dogs, peak plasma levels of clomipramine and desmethylclomipramine are rapidly reached (1 - 1.5 hours). The pharmacokinetics of clomipramine and desmethylclomipramine are not significantly affected by co-administration of CLOMICALM tablets with food.

Clomipramine is extensively bound to plasma proteins (>97%). Clomipramine and its metabolites are rapidly distributed in the body with high concentrations being achieved in organs and tissues (including the lungs, heart and brain) and low concentrations remaining in the blood.

The major route of bio-transformation of clomipramine is demethylation to desmethylclomipramine. Additional polar metabolites also exist.

The elimination t 1/2 of clomipramine is 6.4 hours and that of desmethylclomipramine is 3.8 hours. The principle route of excretion is via the bile (>80%) with the remainder via the kidneys.

Side Effects

CLOMICALM tablets may cause mild and intermittent vomiting in some dogs, this may be improved by co-administration with a small quantity of food.

Overdose

Oral administration of clomipramine at 40 mg/kg caused no significant signs of toxicity in dogs. Administration of toxicological doses of clomipramine (735 mg/kg) to dogs caused non-specific signs of CNS inhibition and convulsions. There is no specific antidote. In the event of overdose, treatment should be supportive.

Safety

This product is well tolerated by the target species.

Use During Pregnancy And Lactation

The safety of CLOMICALM tablets has not been established in male and female reproductive dogs. CLOMICALM tablets are recommended for use in breeding dogs only if the benefit/risk ratio is considered justified by the veterinarian.

Interaction With Other Medicaments

The need for specific precautions has not been established in dogs. In clinical trials, there were no adverse effects when CLOMICALM tablets were used with a variety of antibiotics, vaccines, anti-parasitic drugs, and CNS active drugs. CLOMICALM tablets may potentiate the effects of CNS depressant drugs such as barbiturates. It is recommended not to administer CLOMICALM tablets in combination with, or within 2 weeks of cessation of therapy with, monoamine oxidase inhibitors.

Precautions

Tolerability studies and clinical trials have demonstrated no need for special precautions with the use of CLOMICALM tablets in dogs. From its known mechanism of action, it is recommended to use CLOMICALM tablets with care in dogs with cardiac arrhythmias, epilepsy or narrow angle glaucoma.

Warnings

Keep out of reach of children.

If accidentally swallowed, call a physician.

Presentation

CLOMICALM tablets are available in divisible, flavoured tablets of 3 dosage strengths: 5 mg, 20 mg and 80 mg of clomipramine hydrochloride per tablet.

Bottles, HDPE, 40 ml, with screw caps, 30 tablets/bottle.

Storage Conditions

Store at room temperature, between 15-30°C, in a dry place. Store unused product in the original container.

Veterinary use only

Imported/Distributed in Canada by Virbac Canada Inc, 231, Shearson Crescent, Suite 209, Cambridge (Ontario) N1T 1J5.

1-800-338-3659

© 2021 Virbac Corporation. All Rights Reserved.

CLOMICALM is a registered trademark of Virbac S.A.

10509

10510

10511

84239801

30 divisible flavoured tablets

5 mg

1.25 - 5 kg

84239701

84239601

30 divisible flavoured tablets

20 mg

> 5 - 20 kg

84240001

84239901

30 divisible flavoured tablets

80 mg

> 20 - 80 kg

84240301

84240201

CPN: 1177117.0

VIRBAC CANADA INC.
209-231 SHEARSON CRESCENT, CAMBRIDGE, ON, N1T 1J5
Toll-Free:   866-458-3350
Fax:   844-458-4004
Website:   https://ca.virbac.com/
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