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Soriatane CK Side Effects

Generic Name: acitretin

Note: This document contains side effect information about acitretin. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Soriatane CK.

For the Consumer

Applies to acitretin: oral capsule

Along with its needed effects, acitretin (the active ingredient contained in Soriatane CK) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking acitretin:

More Common

  • Back pain
  • bad, unusual, or unpleasant (after) taste
  • bone or joint pain
  • change in taste
  • continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears
  • difficulty with moving or walking
  • excessive muscle tone
  • feeling of warmth
  • headache (severe and continuing)
  • hearing loss
  • increased sensitivity to pain
  • increased sensitivity to touch
  • muscle stiffness, tension, or tightness
  • nausea (severe and continuing)
  • redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
  • redness of the skin
  • sleeplessness
  • thinning of the skin with easy bruising
  • tingling in the hands and feet
  • tongue irritation
  • trouble sleeping
  • vomiting (severe and continuing)

Less Common

  • Abnormal sensation of burning or stinging
  • blurred vision
  • belching
  • breast pain
  • cracking, redness, skin irritation, or rash (including a rash that looks like psoriasis)
  • eye pain
  • general feeling of discomfort or illness
  • heartburn
  • increased hair growth on the forehead, back, arms, and legs
  • indigestion
  • infection, ulcers, unusual odor, or small red spots in the skin
  • itching of the vagina or genital area
  • loosening of the fingernails
  • loss of eyebrows or eyelashes
  • pain during sexual intercourse
  • redness of the eyes
  • redness or soreness around the fingernails
  • redness or swelling of the eyelid
  • sensitivity of the eyes to light
  • sore mouth or tongue
  • thick, white vaginal discharge with no odor or with a mild odor
  • watery eyes
  • white patches in the mouth or on the tongue

Rare

  • Bleeding gums
  • bleeding time increased
  • chest pain
  • coughing
  • coughing up blood
  • darkened urine
  • diarrhea
  • difficulty in breathing or swallowing
  • double vision or other problems in seeing, including decreased night vision after sunset and before sunrise
  • hoarseness
  • increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding
  • itchy or painful ears
  • light-colored stools
  • nosebleeds
  • pale or cold hands or feet
  • paralysis
  • prolonged bleeding from cuts
  • red or dark brown urine
  • sore on the edge of the eyelid (stye)
  • stomach pain
  • thick, white, curd-like vaginal discharge
  • unpleasant breath odor
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • vaginal itching or irritation
  • vomiting of blood
  • yellowing of the skin or eyes

Incidence Not Known

  • Assault
  • attack
  • burning, numbness, tingling, or painful sensations
  • chest discomfort
  • confusion
  • difficulty with speaking
  • doing things to injure oneself
  • inability to move the arms, legs, or facial muscles
  • inability to speak
  • pain in the chest, groin, or legs, especially calves
  • pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
  • slow speech
  • slurred speech
  • sudden loss of coordination
  • sudden, severe weakness or numbness in the arms or legs
  • sweating
  • thoughts of killing oneself
  • unsteadiness or awkwardness
  • vision changes
  • weakness in the arms, hands, legs, or feet

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur while taking acitretin:

Symptoms of Overdose

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
  • sensation of spinning

Some side effects of acitretin may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More Common

  • Chapped, red, or swollen lips
  • difficulty in wearing contact lenses
  • dry or runny nose
  • dryness of the eyes
  • increased ability to sunburn
  • increased amount of ear wax (unusual)
  • irritation in the mouth or swollen gums
  • itchy skin
  • loss of hair (usually reversible)
  • scaling and peeling of the eyelids, fingertips, palms, and soles of feet
  • sticky skin
  • unusual thirst

Less Common

Incidence Not Known

  • Cracking fingernails or fingernails break easily
  • muscular pain, tenderness, wasting, or weakness

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to acitretin: oral capsule, oral and topical kit

General

The most commonly reported side effects were hypervitaminosis A, skin peeling, alopecia, dry mucous membranes of mouth and nose, chelitis, increased triglycerides, and rhinitis.[Ref]

Hepatic

Very common (10% or more): Increased SGOT (up to 50%), increased SGPT (up to 50%), increased alkaline phosphatase (up to 25%), increased direct bilirubin (up to 25%), increased GGTP (up to 25%)

Common (1% to 10%): Increased globulin, increased total bilirubin, increased total protein, increased and decreased serum albumin

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Abnormal hepatic function, hepatitis, jaundice[Ref]

Metabolic

Very common (10% or more): Increased/decreased LDH (up to 50%), increased/decreased cholesterol (up to 50%), increased fasting blood sugar (up to 50%), decreased fasting blood sugar (up to 25%)

Common (1% to 10%): Increased appetite, anorexia, thirst

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Alcohol intolerance, weight increase[Ref]

Hypersensitivity

Postmarketing reports: Hypersensitivity, including angioedema and urticaria[Ref]

Cardiovascular

Common (1% to 10%): Hot flashes, flushing

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Chest pain, cyanosis, intermittent claudication, peripheral ischemia

Postmarketing reports: Acute myocardial infarction, thromboembolism, capillary leak syndrome, stroke[Ref]

Dermatologic

Very common (10% or more): Hypervitaminosis A (over 80%), skin peeling (up to 80%), alopecia (up to 75%), dry skin ( up to 50%), nail disorder (up to 50%), pruritus (up to 50%), scaling and thinning of healthy skin with increased sensitivity (up to 40%), erythema (up to 40%), sensation of "burning skin" (up to 40%), sensation of "sticky skin" (up to 40%), dermatitis (up to 40%), hair loss (up to 40%), inflammation of the nail wall (up to 40%), nail fragility (up to 40%), erythematous rash (up to 25%), paronychia (up to 25%), skin atrophy (up to 25%), skin fragility

Common (1% to 10%): Abnormal skin odor, abnormal hair texture, bullous eruption, cold/clammy skin, increased sweating, psoriasiform rash, purpura, pyogenic granuloma, rash, seborrhea, skin fissures, skin ulceration, sunburn, rhagades, blistering of the skin, change in pigmentation of the skin and hair, change in growth rate of hair, change in hair structure

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Acne, cyst, eczema, furunculosis, hyperkeratosis, hypertrichosis, hypoesthesia, otitis media, otitis externa, photosensitivity reactions, aggravated psoriasis, skin nodule, skin hypertrophy, skin disorder, skin irritation, sweat gland disorder, urticaria, verrucae

Rare (less than 0.1%): Retinoid dermatitis (occasionally provoking psoriatic lesion)

Postmarketing reports: Madarosis, exfoliative dermatitis/erythroderma[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Very common (10% or more): Dry mucous membranes of mouth and nose (up to 80%), chelitis (more than 75%), high occult blood (up to 25%),

Common (1% to 10%): Abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, tongue disorder, gingival bleeding, gingivitis, increased saliva, stomatitis, ulcerative stomatitis, inflammation of oral mucosa and gingiva

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Constipation, dyspepsia, esophagitis, gastritis, gastroenteritis, glossitis, hemorrhoids, melena, tenesmus, tongue ulceration, altered saliva, anal disorder, gum hyperplasia, hemorrhage, pharyngitis, heartburn, inflammatory bowel disorders

Rare (less than 0.1%): Pancreatitis, icterus

Frequency not reported: Rectal hemorrhage[Ref]

Genitourinary

Very common (10% or more): WBC in urine (up to 50%), acetonuria, hematuria, RBC in urine

Common (1% to 10%): Glycosuria, proteinuria

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Atrophic vaginitis, abnormal urine, dysuria. penis disorder, leukorrhea, breast pain

Rare (less than 0.1%): Metrorrhagia

Postmarketing reports: Vulvo-vaginitis due to Candida albicans.[Ref]

Musculoskeletal

Very common (10% or more): Arthralgia (up to 25%), spinal hyperostosis

Common (1% to 10%): Arthritis, arthrosis, back pain, hypertonia, myalgia, osteodynia, peripheral joint hyperostosis (progression of existing lesions), demineralization and rarefaction of bone, cortical hyperostosis, periosteal calcification, premature epiphyseal closure, calcification of spinal ligaments resulting in spinal cord compression

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Muscle weakness, bone disorder, olecranon bursitis, tendonitis, scleroderma[Ref]

Nervous system

Very common (10% or more): Hyperesthesia (up to 25%), paresthesia (up to 25%)

Common (1% to 10%): Headache, taste perversion

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Dizziness, abnormal gait, migraine, neuritis, pseudotumor cerebri (intracranial hypertension), taste loss, dysgeusia, lassitude, disturbance of consciousness

Rare (less than 0.1%): Lightheadedness, visual disturbance

Postmarketing reports: Myopathy with peripheral neuropathy[Ref]

Ocular

Very common (10% or more): Conjunctivitis (up to 40%), xerophthalmia (up to 25%), dry eyes, eye irritation, intolerance of contact lenses

Common (1% to 10%): Abnormal/ blurred vision,

blepharitis, irritation, corneal epithelial abnormality, decreased night vision/night blindness, eye abnormality, eye pain, photophobia

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Abnormal lacrimation, chalazion, conjunctival hemorrhage, corneal ulceration, diplopia, ectropion, itchy eyes and lids,

papilledema, recurrent sties, subepithelial corneal lesions

Rare (less than 0.1%): Keratitis, abrasion and irregularities leading to corneal opacities[Ref]

Other

Very common (10% or more): Increased triglycerides (up to 75%), increased creatinine phosphokinase (up to 50%), feeling of cold (up to 40%), rigors (up to 25%), increased phosphorus (up to 25%), increased potassium (up to 25%), increased sodium (up to 25%), increased and decreased magnesium (up to 25%)

Common (1% to 10%): Edema, fatigue, pain, earache, tinnitus, decreased phosphorus, decreased potassium, decreased sodium, increased and decreased calcium, increased and decreased chloride, increased and decreased iron

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Fever, influenza-like symptoms, malaise, impaired healing, ceruminosis, deafness. peripheral edema, sensation of heat

Frequency not reported: Elevation in lactate dehydrogenase[Ref]

Respiratory

Very common (10% or more): Rhinitis (up 80%), epistaxis (up to 40%)

Common (1% to 10%): Sinusitis

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Coughing, increased sputum, laryngitis, dysphonia[Ref]

Endocrine

Rare (less than 0.1%): Gynecomastia[Ref]

Hematologic

Very common (10% or more): Increased reticulocytes (up to 50%), decreased hematocrit (up to 25%), decreased hemoglobin (up to 25%), decreased WBC (up to 25%), increased haptoglobin (up to 25%), increased neutrophils (up to 25%), increased WBC (up to 25%)

Common (1% to 10%): Increased bands, increased basophils, increased eosinophils, increased hematocrit, increased hemoglobin, increased lymphocytes, increased monocytes, decreased haptoglobin, decreased lymphocytes , decreased neutrophils, decreased reticulocytes, increased or decreased platelets, increased or decreased RBC

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Increased bleeding time[Ref]

Immunologic

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Moniliasis, fungal infection, herpes simplex[Ref]

Oncologic

Frequency not reported: Pyogenic granuloma[Ref]

Psychiatric

Common (1% to 10%): Depression, insomnia, somnolence

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Anxiety, decreased libido, nervousness, abnormal thinking, emotional lability, aggressive feelings

Postmarketing reports: Suicidal thoughts[Ref]

Renal

Very common (10% or more): Increased uric acid (up to 25%)

Common (1% to 10%): Increased BUN, increased creatinine[Ref]

References

1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0

2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0

3. "Product Information. Soriatane (acitretin)." Roche Laboratories, Nutley, NJ.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.

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