Plaretase Side Effects
Generic Name: pancrelipase
Note: This document contains side effect information about pancrelipase. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Plaretase.
For the Consumer
Applies to pancrelipase: oral capsule, oral capsule delayed release, oral powder, oral tablet, oral tablet chewable
Along with its needed effects, pancrelipase (the active ingredient contained in Plaretase) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking pancrelipase:
With high doses
With very high doses
- Blood in the urine
- joint pain
- swelling of the feet or lower legs
With powder dosage form or powder from opened capsules- if breathed in
- Stuffy nose
- tightness in the chest
- trouble breathing
With tablets- if held in the mouth
- Irritation of the mouth
Incidence Not Known
- difficulty with swallowing
- fast heartbeat
- noisy breathing
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
- redness of the skin
- severe stomach pain
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Some side effects of pancrelipase may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
- Blurred vision
- dry mouth
- flushed, dry skin
- fruit-like breath odor
- increased hunger
- increased thirst
- increased urination
- unexplained weight loss
- Abnormal feces
- bloated feeling
- cold sweats
- cool, pale skin
- excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
- feeling of fullness
- frequent bowel movements
- loss of consciousness
- muscle aches
- passing gas
- runny nose
- slurred speech
- sore throat
Incidence Not Known
- Difficulty having a bowel movement
- difficulty with moving
- muscle aching or cramping
- muscle pains or stiffness
- muscle spasm
- swollen joints
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to pancrelipase: oral capsule, oral capsule extended release, oral delayed release capsule, oral powder for reconstitution, oral tablet, oral tablet extended release
In general, pancreatic enzymes are well tolerated at recommended therapeutic doses. Gastrointestinal symptoms appear to be the primary, and most common adverse effect.[Ref]
Fibrosing colonopathy should be suspected in patients who present with obstruction, bloody diarrhea, chylous ascites, or a combination of abdominal pain with chronic diarrhea, inadequate weight gain, or both. Patients with fibrosing colonopathy should have their enzyme dosage reduced to the recommended range of 500 to 2500 units/kg per meal. Surgical intervention is often needed in patients who cannot maintain their nutritional status.[Ref]
Gastrointestinal side effects have included cramping, nausea, abnormal feces, flatulence, abdominal pain, upper abdominal pain, and diarrhea, particularly with high doses. Fibrosing colonopathy has been reported. Animal studies suggest that the fibrosing colonopathy seen in some patients receiving high doses of pancreatic enzymes may be due to a plasticizer (methacrylic acid copolymer) found in some of the enteric coatings. Postmarketing reports have included abdominal distention, abdominal pain, diarrhea, flatulence, constipation, nausea, fibrosing colonopathy, and distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS).[Ref]
Metabolic side effects reported with high doses of pancreatic enzymes have included hyperuricosuria and hyperuricemia. It appears that both the enzyme product and some undefined aspect of the disease may lead to increased uric acid levels. Postmarketing reports of inadequate control of diabetes mellitus have been reported.[Ref]
Krasinger and colleagues suggest that it may be reasonable to add allopurinol to the pancreatic enzyme treatment regimen in CF patients that have a urine pH of less than 6 and also excrete large amounts of uric acid. The addition of allopurinol may help to protect the renal tubules from long-term damage due to uric acid crystallization.[Ref]
Hypersensitivity side effects have included reversible bronchial asthma and nasal rhinitis due to exposure to pancreatic enzyme powder. Postmarketing severe allergic reactions including anaphylaxis, asthma, hives and pruritus have been reported.[Ref]
Nervous system side effects have included several case reports of elevation in intracranial pressure (leading to a bulging cranial fontanelle) in cystic fibrosis children receiving pancreatic enzymes. The adverse effect has been self-limiting without interruption of cystic fibrosis therapy in most cases.[Ref]
Postmarketing side effects include pruritus, urticaria and rash
Postmarketing side effects include recurrence of pre-existing carcinoma.
1. "Product Information. Ku-zyme (pancrelipase)." Schwarz Pharma, Mequon, WI.
2. "Product Information. Ultrase (pancrelipase)." Scandipharm Inc, Birmingham, AL.
3. "Product Information. Cotazym-S (pancrelipase)." Organon, West Orange, NJ.
4. "Product Information. Zymase (pancrelipase)." Organon, West Orange, NJ.
5. "Product Information. Pancrease (pancrelipase)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
6. "Product Information. Creon 20 (pancrelipase)." Solvay Pharmaceuticals Inc, Marietta, GA.
7. "Product Information. Creon 10 (pancrelipase)." Solvay Pharmaceuticals Inc, Marietta, GA.
8. "Product Information. Ultrase MT (pancrelipase)." Scandipharm Inc, Birmingham, AL.
9. Cho YW, Aviado DM "Clinical pharmacology for pediatricians. I. Pancreatic enzyme preparations, with special reference to enterically coated microspheres of pancrelipase." J Clin Pharmacol 21 (1981): 224-37
10. "Product Information. Cotazym (pancrelipase)." Organon, West Orange, NJ.
11. "Product Information. Viokase (pancrelipase)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
12. "Product Information. Pancrease MT (pancrelipase)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
13. "Product Information. Creon 5 (pancrelipase)." Solvay Pharmaceuticals Inc, Marietta, GA.
14. McHugh K, Thomson A, Tam P "Case report: colonic stricture and fibrosis associated with high- strength pancreatic enzymes in a child with cystic fibrosis." Br J Radiol 67 (1994): 900-1
15. Croft NM, Marshall TG, Ferguson A "Gut inflammation in children with cystic fibrosis on high-dose enzyme supplements." Lancet 346 (1995): 1265-7
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17. Kraisinger M, Hochhaus G, Stecenko A, Bowser E, Hendeles L "Clinical pharmacology of pancreatic enzymes in patients with cystic fibrosis and in vitro performance of microencapsulated formulations." J Clin Pharmacol 34 (1994): 158-66
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19. Nassif EG, Younoszai MK, Weinberger MW, Nassif CM, "Comparative effects of antacids, enteric coating, and bile salts on the efficacy of oral pancreatic enzyme therapy in cystic fibrosis." J Pediatr 98 (1981): 320-3
20. Stapleton FB, Kennedy J, Nousia-Arvanitakis S, Linshaw MA "Hyperuricosuria due to high-dose pancreatic extract therapy in cystic fibrosis." N Engl J Med 295 (1976): 246-8
21. Sakula A "Bronchial asthma due to allergy to pancreatic extract." Lancet 2 (1977): 193
22. Bergner A, Bergner RK "Pulmonary hypersensitivity associated with pancreatin powder exposure." Pediatrics 55 (1975): 814-7
23. Sakula A "Bronchial asthma due to allergy to pancreatic extract: a hazard in the treatment of cystic fibrosis." Br J Dis Chest 71 (1977): 295-9
24. Nasr SZ, Schaffert D "Symptomatic increase in intracranial pressure following pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy for cystic fibrosis." Pediatr Pulmonol 19 (1995): 396-7
Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.