Neut Side Effects
Generic Name: sodium bicarbonate
Note: This document contains side effect information about sodium bicarbonate. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Neut.
For the Consumer
Applies to sodium bicarbonate: granule, solution, tablet
Side effects requiring immediate medical attention
Along with its needed effects, sodium bicarbonate (the active ingredient contained in Neut) may cause some unwanted effects. Although the following side effects occur very rarely when this medicine is taken as recommended, they may be more likely to occur if it is taken: in large doses, for a long time, or by patients with kidney disease.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur while taking sodium bicarbonate:
- Frequent urge to urinate
- headache (continuing)
- loss of appetite (continuing)
- mood or mental changes
- muscle pain or twitching
- nausea or vomiting
- nervousness or restlessness
- slow breathing
- swelling of feet or lower legs
- unpleasant taste
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Side effects not requiring immediate medical attention
Some side effects of sodium bicarbonate may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.
Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
- Increased thirst
- stomach cramps
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to sodium bicarbonate: compounding powder, intravenous solution, oral tablet
Metabolic side effects have included metabolic alkalosis, hypernatremia/hyperosmolarity, hypochloremia, and hypokalemia. These effects have been associated with rapid or prolonged administration. Side effects have rarely included intravascular volume expansion with resultant hyporeninemia and hypoaldosteronemia.[Ref]
Chronic ingestion of bicarbonate may rarely cause intravascular volume expansion with resultant hyporeninemia and hypoaldosteronemia. In this rare circumstance, the serum potassium may be elevated.
Rare cases of sodium bicarbonate abuse have been associated with features of Munchausen syndrome. These patients often present with an otherwise unexplained hypokalemic hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis.
The respiratory drive may be suppressed after bicarbonate administration due to increased venous C02 concentration. Without adequate ventilation, worsened systemic acidosis could develop.[Ref]
Respiratory side effects have included suppressed respiratory drive.[Ref]
Nervous system side effects have included irritability, tetany, mental stupor, coma, and intraventricular hemorrhage.[Ref]
Rapid infusion of hyperosmolar sodium bicarbonate has been associated with intraventricular hemorrhage in the pediatric literature.
Irritability and tetany have been associated with sodium bicarbonate-induced alkalosis or hypernatremia.
Due to greater permeability of the blood-brain barrier to hydrogen than to bicarbonate, the pH of cerebrospinal fluid may significantly decrease during sodium bicarbonate administration, which can cause mental stupor or coma.[Ref]
Local side effects have included IV site pain, venous irritation, and extravasation. Cellulitis, tissue necrosis, ulceration, or skin sloughing have possibly been the result of extravasation. A slow rate of administration of a properly diluted solution into a large bore needle and vein is recommended if IV administration is necessary.[Ref]
Cardiovascular side effects have included decreased cardiac contractility possibly resulting from infusion of sodium bicarbonate (the active ingredient contained in Neut) in patients with severe acidosis.[Ref]
Experimentally, the administration of intravenous hypertonic sodium bicarbonate has been associated with increased serum osmolality, decreased ionized serum calcium (which is associated with decreased myocardial contractility), and peripheral vasodilation. Some experts recommend invasive hemodynamic monitoring in acidotic patients before the administration of bicarbonate.[Ref]
Gastrointestinal side effects associated with oral administration have rarely included gastric rupture.[Ref]
As an antacid, sodium bicarbonate, especially after excess food or liquid, can cause excess gas release (when combined with gastric acid). The mortality associated with gastric rupture is as high as 65%.[Ref]
Urinary alkalinization from bicarbonate can cause a falsely positive colorimetric assay for protein.[Ref]
Renal side effects have rarely included "False proteinuria".[Ref]
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3. "Product Information. Sodium Bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate)." Astra USA, Westborough, MA.
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15. Speer ME, Rudolph AJ "Calcification of superficial scalp veins secondary to intravenous infusion of sodium bicarbonate and calcium chloride." Cutis 32 (1983): 65-6
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17. Rao RS, Graver ML, Urivetsky M, Scharf SM "Mechanisms of myocardial depression after bolus injection of sodium bicarbonate." J Crit Care 9 (1994): 255-61
18. Bleske BE, Warren EW, Rice TL, Gilligan LJ, Tait AR "Effect of high-dose sodium bicarbonate on the vasopressor effects of epinephrine during cardiopulmonary resuscitation." Pharmacotherapy 15 (1995): 660-4
19. Fordtran JS, Morawski SG, Santa Ana CA, Rector FC, Jr "Gas production after reaction of sodium bicarbonate and hydrochloric acid." Gastroenterology 87 (1984): 1014-21
20. Lazebnik N, Iellin A, Michowitz M "Spontaneous rupture of the normal stomach after sodium bicarbonate ingestion." J Clin Gastroenterol 8 (1986): 454-6
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22. Downs NM, Stonebridge PA "Gastric rupture due to excessive sodium bicarbonate ingestion." Scott Med J 34 (1989): 534-5
23. Mastrangelo MR, Moore EW "Spontaneous rupture of the stomach in a healthy adult man after sodium bicarbonate ingestion." Ann Intern Med 101 (1984): 649-50
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.
More about Neut (sodium bicarbonate)
- During Pregnancy
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
- Pricing & Coupons
- Drug class: antacids
- FDA Alerts (3)