Cytosar Side Effects
Generic Name: cytarabine
Note: This document contains side effect information about cytarabine. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Cytosar.
For the Consumer
Applies to cytarabine: parenteral conventional cytarabine injection, parenteral conventional cytarabine powder for injection, parenteral liposomal cytarabine injection
Side effects include:
IV, sub-Q, or IM administration of conventional cytarabine (the active ingredient contained in Cytosar) Myelosuppression, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, oral and anal inflammation or ulceration, hepatic dysfunction, fever, rash, thrombophlebitis, bleeding (all sites).
Intrathecal administration of conventional cytarabine: Nausea, vomiting, fever, transient headaches.
Intrathecal administration of liposomal cytarabine: Chemical arachnoiditis (neck rigidity, neck pain, meningism, nausea, vomiting, headache, fever, back pain, and/or CSF pleocytosis), asthenia, pain, confusion, somnolence.
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to cytarabine: injectable powder for injection, injectable solution
Very common (10% or more): Hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, corneal disorder
Common (1% to 10%): Photophobia, burning, visual disturbance, increased lacrimation, keratitis
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Conjunctivitis
Frequency not reported: Blindness[Ref]
Very common (10% or more): Somnolence
Common (1% to 10%): Decreased level of consciousness, dysarthria, nystagmus
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Neurotoxicity, neuritis, dizziness, headache, peripheral neuropathy, paraplegia (with intrathecal administration)
Frequency not reported: Dizziness, neurotoxicity rash, coma, convulsion, peripheral sensory neuropathy, ataxia, tremor, coma, convulsions[Ref]
Very common (10% or more): Bone marrow failure, thrombocytopenia, anemia, megaloblastic anemia, leukopenia, reticulocyte count decreased
Common (1% to 10%): Bleeding (all sites), thrombophlebitis
Frequency not reported: Reticulocytopenia, neutropenia, febrile neutropenia[Ref]
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Injection site cellulitis, injection site thrombophlebitis
Frequency not reported: Injection site pain, injection site inflammation, injection site irritation, injection site sepsis[Ref]
Very common (10% or more): Cytarabine (the active ingredient contained in Cytosar) syndrome (e.g., fever, myalgia, bone pain, occasionally chest pain, exanthema, maculopapular rash, conjunctivitis, nausea, malaise)
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Myalgia, joint pain[Ref]
Common (1% to 10%): Anorexia, hyperuricemia[Ref]
Frequency not reported: Personality change, confusion[Ref]
Very common (10% or more): Hepatic function abnormal
Common (1% to 10%): Liver enzymes increased
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Jaundice
Frequency not reported: Liver abscess, hyperbilirubinemia, hepatomegaly, Budd-Chiari-syndrome (hepatic venous thrombosis)[Ref]
Very common (10% or more): Pyrexia[Ref]
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Renal dysfunction[Ref]
Very common (10% or more): Alopecia, rash
Common (1% to 10%): Skin ulceration, erythema, bullous dermatitis, vasculitis
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Lentigo, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome, urticaria, pruritus, freckling, burning pain of palms and soles
Very rare (less than 0.01%): Neutrophilic eccrine hidradenitis
Frequency not reported: Skin bleeding[Ref]
Very common (10% or more): Stomatitis, mouth ulceration, anal ulcer, anal inflammation, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain
Common (1% to 10%): Necrotizing colitis
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Sore throat, esophagitis, esophageal ulceration, bowel necrosis
Frequency not reported: Pancreatitis, bowel necrosis, GI ulcer, pneumatosis intestinalis, peritonitis, mucosal bleeding[Ref]
1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
3. "Product Information. Cytarabine (cytarabine)." Hospira Inc, Lake Forest, IL.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.
More about Cytosar (cytarabine)
- Cytosar Side Effects
- During Pregnancy
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
- Support Group
- 0 Reviews – Add your own review/rating
- Drug class: antimetabolites