Cytosar Side Effects
Generic Name: cytarabine
Note: This page contains information about the side effects of cytarabine. Some of the dosage forms included on this document may not apply to the brand name Cytosar.
For the Consumer
Applies to cytarabine: injection
Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur while taking cytarabine (the active ingredient contained in Cytosar)
Diarrhea; dizziness; hair loss; loss of appetite; nausea; tiredness; vomiting; weakness.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bleeding in the eye; bloody or black, tarry stools; chest pain; confusion; decreased urination; eye pain or irritation; fever, chills, sore throat, or cough; loss of coordination; muscle or bone pain; muscle paralysis; pain, redness, or swelling at the site of injection; personality changes; rectal pain or irritation; shortness of breath; slurred speech; sores on the mouth or lips; stomach pain; symptoms of liver problems (eg, dark urine, pale stools, yellowing of the skin or eyes); unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual drowsiness, tiredness, or weakness; vision changes.
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to cytarabine: injectable powder for injection, injectable solution
Hematologic side effects including myelosuppression have been the most universal and dose limiting effect of cytarabine (the active ingredient contained in Cytosar) Leukopenia and thrombocytopenia have been reported commonly. Anemia has been reported occasionally.[Ref]
Myelosuppression has generally been reported to occur four to twelve days after therapy with recovery generally by day twenty eight. It is recommended that the patient's blood counts be monitored throughout therapy and at any clinical sign of thrombocytopenia, fever, or anemia, and before subsequent courses of therapy.[Ref]
Respiratory side effects including adult respiratory distress syndrome (5% to 32%), sore throat, esophageal ulceration, esophagitis, and shortness of breath have been reported. One case of pulmonary edema has also been reported.[Ref]
Nervous system side effects have been reported in up to 10% of patients and have included neuritis, neural toxicity, cerebellar toxicity, lethargy, confusion, and headache.[Ref]
One study has reported 8 of 49 patients treated with high dose cytarabine developed cerebellar and cerebral toxicity. In another study 4 out of 24 patients developed treated with high dose cytarabine were reported to have developed cerebellar degeneration during treatment. Acute cerebellar toxicity after high dose cytarabine has been associated with CNS accumulation of its metabolite, uracil arabinoside.[Ref]
Nausea and vomiting have been reported most frequently following rapid intravenous injection.[Ref]
Gastrointestinal side effects including oral and anal inflammation or ulceration, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea have been reported frequently. Bowel necrosis, stomatitis, and pancreatitis have also been reported.[Ref]
Hepatic side effects including hepatic dysfunction have been reported frequently. Jaundice has also been reported.[Ref]
General side effects including fever have been reported frequently. Chest pain, abdominal pain, and dizziness have also been reported.[Ref]
Dermatologic side effects including rash have been reported frequently. Skin ulceration, freckling, alopecia, pruritus, and urticaria have also been reported. A case of severe Henoch-Schonlein purpura has been reported.[Ref]
Cardiovascular side effects including thrombophlebitis and bleeding have been reported frequently. Pericarditis has also been reported.[Ref]
Immunologic side effects including sepsis and pneumonia have been reported.[Ref]
Local side effects including cellulitis at the injection site have been reported.[Ref]
Genitourinary side effects including urinary retention and renal dysfunction have been reported.[Ref]
Ocular side effects including conjunctivitis have been reported.[Ref]
Hypersensitivity side effects including anaphylaxis and allergic edema have been reported.[Ref]
Other side effects have included a syndrome of fever, conjunctival suffusion, and maculopapular rash which has been reported primarily in children who received large cumulative doses of cytarabine (the active ingredient contained in Cytosar) [Ref]
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7. Lopez JA, Agarwal RP "Acute cerebellar toxicity after high-dose cytarabine associated with CNS accumulation of its metabolite, uracil arabinoside." Cancer Treat Rep 68 (1984): 1309-10
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9. Mcbride CE, Yavorski RT, Moses FM, Robson ME, Solimando DA, Byrd JC "Acute pancreatitis associated with continuous infusion cytarabine therapy: a case report." Cancer 77 (1996): 2588-91
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12. Aktas B, Topcuoglu P, Kurt OK, Ensari A, Demirer T "Severe henoch-schonlein purpura induced by cytarabine." Ann Pharmacother 43 (2009): 792-3
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Not all side effects for Cytosar may be reported. You should always consult a doctor or healthcare professional for medical advice. Side effects can be reported to the FDA here.
More about Cytosar (cytarabine)
- Other brands: Tarabine PFS
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