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Terbinafine (Systemic)

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Oct 12, 2020.

Pronunciation

(TER bin a feen)

Index Terms

  • Terbinafine HCl
  • Terbinafine Hydrochloride

Dosage Forms

Excipient information presented when available (limited, particularly for generics); consult specific product labeling. [DSC] = Discontinued product

Tablet, Oral:

LamISIL: 250 mg [DSC]

Generic: 250 mg

Brand Names: U.S.

  • LamISIL [DSC]

Pharmacologic Category

  • Antifungal Agent, Oral

Pharmacology

Synthetic allylamine derivative that inhibits squalene epoxidase, a key enzyme in sterol biosynthesis in fungi. This results in a deficiency in ergosterol within the fungal cell membrane and results in fungal cell death.

Absorption

Children and Adults: >70%

Distribution

Distributed to sebum and skin predominantly

Metabolism

Hepatic predominantly via CYP1A2, 3A4, 2C8, 2C9, and 2C19 to inactive metabolites

Excretion

Urine (80%, primarily as inactive metabolites); feces (20%) (Debruyne 2001)

Clearance: Children (14 to 68 kg): 15.6 to 26.7 L/hour

Time to Peak

Plasma: Children and Adults: Within 2 hours

Half-Life Elimination

Terminal half-life: 200 to 400 hours; very slow release of drug from skin and adipose tissues occurs; effective half-life: Children: 27 to 31 hours; Adults: ~36 hours

Protein Binding

Plasma: >99%

Special Populations: Renal Function Impairment

In CrCl ≤50 mL/minute, terbinafine clearance is decreased 50%.

Special Populations: Hepatic Function Impairment

In hepatic cirrhosis, terbinafine clearance is decreased 50%.

Use: Labeled Indications

Onychomycosis (tablets only): Treatment of onychomycosis of the toenail or fingernail caused by dermatophytes (tinea unguium).

Tinea capitis (granules only): Treatment of tinea capitis in patients 4 years and older.

Off Label Uses

Dermatophyte folliculitis (tinea barbae, Majocchi granuloma)

Data from a limited number of patients studied suggest that terbinafine may be beneficial for the treatment of dermatophyte folliculitis [Bonifaz 2003], [Chou 2016], [Gega 2010], [Wang 2018], [Zhou 2017]; clinical experience also suggests the utility of terbinafine in managing dermatophyte folliculitis [Ilkit 2012], [Jackson 2019].

Sporotrichosis (lymphocutaneous and cutaneous)

Based on the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines for the management of sporotrichosis, terbinafine (systemic) is an effective and recommended treatment option for patients with lymphocutaneous and cutaneous sporotrichosis who do not respond to first-line therapy with itraconazole [IDSA [Kauffman 2007]].

Tinea capitis

Data from a limited number of patients studied suggest terbinafine tablets may be beneficial for the treatment of tinea capitis [El-Khalawany 2013]; clinical experience also suggests the utility of terbinafine tablets in managing tinea capitis [Gupta 2008], [Treat 2020].

Tinea corporis/tinea cruris/tinea faciei

Data from a double-blind, randomized clinical study suggest that oral terbinafine may be effective in the treatment of widespread tinea corporis/tinea cruris [del Palacio Hernandez 1990]. Additional data from a limited number of patients studied also suggest terbinafine may be beneficial in the treatment of tinea corporis/tinea cruris [Farag 1994], [Voravutinon 1993]; clinical experience suggests the utility of terbinafine in managing tinea corporis/tinea cruris/tinea faciei [Gupta 2008], [Hawkins 2014].

Tinea pedis/tinea manuum

Data from 2 double-blind, randomized studies support the use of oral terbinafine in the treatment of tinea pedis and tinea manuum [Savin 1990], [Tausch 1998].

Contraindications

Hypersensitivity to terbinafine or any component of the formulation; chronic or active hepatic disease

Dosing: Adult

Note: Lamisil granules have been discontinued in the United States for more than 1 year.

Onychomycosis:

Continuous dosing: Oral: Tablet: 250 mg once daily for 6 weeks (fingernail) or 12 weeks (toenail).

Pulsed dosing (alternative dosing method) (off-label): Oral: Tablet: 250 mg once daily for 4 weeks, off for 4 weeks, then resume with 250 mg once daily for 4 weeks (Gupta 2013) or 250 mg twice daily for 1 week repeated every 4 weeks for 3 months (Takahata 2009; Yadav 2015). Note: Pulsed dosing is less effective but may reduce the risk of adverse effects, reduce cost, and improve patient compliance (Goldstein 2019).

Sporotrichosis, lymphocutaneous and cutaneous (alternative agent for patients who do not respond to itraconazole) (off-label use): Oral: Tablet: 500 mg twice daily (IDSA [Kauffman 2007]). Treat for 2 to 4 additional weeks after all lesions have resolved; usual duration is 3 to 6 months (Chapman 2004; IDSA [Kauffman 2007]).

Tinea infections:

Dermatophyte folliculitis (tinea barbae, Majocchi granuloma) (off-label use): Oral: Tablet: 250 mg once daily; duration is typically 2 to 6 weeks but may need to be extended (eg, in immunocompromised patients with slow response) (Bonifaz 2003; Chou 2016; Gega 2010; Ilkit 2012; Jackson 2019; Wang 2018; Zhou 2017).

Tinea capitis (off-label use): Oral: Tablet: 250 mg once daily for 4 to 6 weeks (El-Khalawany 2013; Gupta 2008; Treat 2020).

Tinea corporis/tinea cruris/tinea faciei (alternative agent) (off-label use): Note: Alternative treatment for patients with extensive skin involvement or in whom topical therapy failed.

Oral: Tablet: 250 mg once daily for 1 to 2 weeks (del Palacio Hernandez 1990; Farag 1994; Gupta 2008; Voravutinon 1993).

Tinea pedis/tinea manuum (alternative agent) (off-label use): Note: Alternative treatment for patients with extensive skin involvement or in whom topical therapy failed.

Oral: Tablet: 250 mg once daily for 2 weeks (Bell-Syer 2012; Gupta 2008; Tausch 1998; White 1991).

Dosing: Geriatric

Use with caution; refer to adult dosing.

Dosing: Pediatric

Note: Lamisil granules have been discontinued in the US for more than 1 year.

Tinea capitis: Children ≥4 years and Adolescents: Oral: Granules:

<25 kg: 125 mg once daily for 6 weeks

25 to 35 kg: 187.5 mg once daily for 6 weeks

>35 kg: 250 mg once daily for 6 weeks

Onychomycosis: Limited data available (Gupta 1997): Children and Adolescents: Oral: Tablets:

10 to 20 kg: 62.5 mg once daily for 6 weeks (fingernails) or 12 weeks (toenails)

20 to 40 kg: 125 mg once daily for 6 weeks (fingernails) or 12 weeks (toenails)

>40 kg: 250 mg once daily for 6 weeks (fingernails) or 12 weeks (toenails)

Extemporaneously Prepared

A 25 mg/mL oral suspension may be made using tablets. Crush twenty 250 mg tablets and reduce to a fine powder. Add small amount of a 1:1 mixture of Ora-Sweet® and Ora-Plus® and mix to a uniform paste; mix while adding the vehicle in geometric proportions to almost 200 mL; transfer to a calibrated bottle, rinse mortar with vehicle, and add quantity of vehicle sufficient to make 200 mL. Label "shake well" and "refrigerate". Stable 42 days.

Nahata MC, Pai VB, and Hipple TF, Pediatric Drug Formulations, 5th ed, Cincinnati, OH: Harvey Whitney Books Co, 2004.

Administration

Administer tablets without regard to meals. Administer granules with food; sprinkle granules on a spoonful of pudding or other soft, nonacidic food (eg, mashed potatoes); swallow entire spoonful without chewing; do not mix granules with applesauce or other fruit-based foods.

Storage

Granules: Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted between 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F).

Tablets: Store below 25°C (77°F). Protect from light.

Drug Interactions

Ajmaline: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Ajmaline. Monitor therapy

Amitriptyline: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase serum concentrations of the active metabolite(s) of Amitriptyline. CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Amitriptyline. Monitor therapy

Amoxapine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Amoxapine. Monitor therapy

Amphetamines: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Amphetamines. Management: Monitor for amphetamine toxicities (including serotonin syndrome) if used with a moderate CYP2D6 inhibitor. Initiate amphetamine therapy at lower doses, monitor frequently, and adjust doses as needed. Discontinue amphetamines if serotoinin syndrome occurs Monitor therapy

ARIPiprazole: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of ARIPiprazole. Management: Monitor for increased aripiprazole pharmacologic effects. Aripiprazole dose adjustments may or may not be required based on concomitant therapy, indication, or dosage form. Consult full interaction monograph for specific recommendations. Monitor therapy

ARIPiprazole Lauroxil: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase serum concentrations of the active metabolite(s) of ARIPiprazole Lauroxil. Monitor therapy

AtoMOXetine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of AtoMOXetine. Monitor therapy

Brexpiprazole: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Brexpiprazole. Management: If brexpiprazole is to be used together with both a moderate CYP2D6 inhibitor and a strong or moderate CYP3A4 inhibitor, the brexpiprazole dose should be reduced to 25% of the usual dose when treating indications other than major depressive disorder. Monitor therapy

Carvedilol: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Carvedilol. Monitor therapy

ClomiPRAMINE: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase serum concentrations of the active metabolite(s) of ClomiPRAMINE. CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of ClomiPRAMINE. Monitor therapy

CloZAPine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of CloZAPine. Monitor therapy

Codeine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may diminish the therapeutic effect of Codeine. These CYP2D6 inhibitors may prevent the metabolic conversion of codeine to its active metabolite morphine. Monitor therapy

Desipramine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Desipramine. Monitor therapy

Deutetrabenazine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase serum concentrations of the active metabolite(s) of Deutetrabenazine. Monitor therapy

Dextromethorphan: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Dextromethorphan. Monitor therapy

Doxepin (Systemic): CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Doxepin (Systemic). Monitor therapy

Doxepin (Topical): CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Doxepin (Topical). Monitor therapy

DOXOrubicin (Conventional): CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of DOXOrubicin (Conventional). Avoid combination

Eliglustat: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Eliglustat. Management: Eliglustat dose is 84 mg daily with CYP2D6 inhibitors. Use is contraindicated (COI) when also combined with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors. When also combined with a moderate CYP3A4 inhibitor, use is COI in CYP2D6 EMs or IMs and should be avoided in CYP2D6 PMs. Consider therapy modification

Flecainide: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Flecainide. Monitor therapy

Haloperidol: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Haloperidol. Monitor therapy

Iloperidone: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may decrease serum concentrations of the active metabolite(s) of Iloperidone. Specifically, concentrations of the metabolite P95 may be decreased. CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase serum concentrations of the active metabolite(s) of Iloperidone. Specifically, concentrations of the metabolite P88 may be increased. CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Iloperidone. Monitor therapy

Imipramine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase serum concentrations of the active metabolite(s) of Imipramine. Concentrations of desipramine may be increased. CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Imipramine. Monitor therapy

Indoramin: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Indoramin. Monitor therapy

Lofepramine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase serum concentrations of the active metabolite(s) of Lofepramine. The active metabolite of lofepramine is desipramine. Monitor therapy

Mequitazine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Mequitazine. Avoid combination

Metoclopramide: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Metoclopramide. Monitor therapy

Metoprolol: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Metoprolol. Monitor therapy

Nebivolol: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Nebivolol. Monitor therapy

Nortriptyline: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Nortriptyline. Monitor therapy

Oliceridine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Oliceridine. Monitor therapy

Olmutinib: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Olmutinib. Monitor therapy

PARoxetine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of PARoxetine. Monitor therapy

Perhexiline: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Perhexiline. Monitor therapy

Perphenazine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Perphenazine. Monitor therapy

Pimozide: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Pimozide. Monitor therapy

Pitolisant: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Pitolisant. Monitor therapy

Propafenone: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Propafenone. Monitor therapy

Propranolol: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Propranolol. Monitor therapy

Protriptyline: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Protriptyline. Monitor therapy

RifAMPin: May decrease the serum concentration of Terbinafine (Systemic). Monitor therapy

RisperiDONE: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of RisperiDONE. Monitor therapy

Saccharomyces boulardii: Antifungal Agents (Systemic, Oral) may diminish the therapeutic effect of Saccharomyces boulardii. Avoid combination

Tamoxifen: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may decrease serum concentrations of the active metabolite(s) of Tamoxifen. Specifically, CYP2D6 inhibitors may decrease the metabolic formation of highly potent active metabolites. Management: Consider alternatives to the use of moderate CYP2D6 inhibitors with tamoxifen when possible, as the combination may be associated with reduced clinical effectiveness of tamoxifen. Consider therapy modification

Tamsulosin: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Tamsulosin. Monitor therapy

Tetrabenazine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Tetrabenazine. Specifically, concentrations of the active alpha- and beta-dihydrotetrabenazine metabolites may be increased. Monitor therapy

Thioridazine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Thioridazine. Avoid combination

Timolol (Systemic): CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Timolol (Systemic). Monitor therapy

TraMADol: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may decrease serum concentrations of the active metabolite(s) of TraMADol. CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of TraMADol. Monitor therapy

Trimipramine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Trimipramine. Monitor therapy

Valbenazine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase serum concentrations of the active metabolite(s) of Valbenazine. Monitor therapy

Vortioxetine: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Vortioxetine. Monitor therapy

Zuclopenthixol: CYP2D6 Inhibitors (Moderate) may increase the serum concentration of Zuclopenthixol. Monitor therapy

Adverse Reactions

The following adverse drug reactions and incidences are derived from product labeling unless otherwise specified.

>10%: Central nervous system: Headache (7% to 13%)

1% to 10%:

Dermatologic: Skin rash (6%; children: 2%), pruritus (1% to 3%), urticaria (1%)

Gastrointestinal: Diarrhea (3% to 6%), vomiting (<1%; children: 5%), dyspepsia (4%), upper abdominal pain (children: 4%), dysgeusia (3%; may be severe and result in weight loss, anxiety, and depression), nausea (2% to 3%), abdominal pain (children: 2%), pharyngolaryngeal pain (children: 2%), toothache (children: 1%)

Hepatic: Liver enzyme disorder (3%)

Infection: Influenza (children: 2%)

Ophthalmic: Vision color changes (children: 5%; color confusion), decreased visual acuity (children: 1% to 2%)

Respiratory: Nasopharyngitis (children: 10%), cough (children: 6%), upper respiratory tract infection (children: 5%), nasal congestion (children: 2%), rhinorrhea (children: 2%)

Miscellaneous: Fever (<1%; children: 7%)

<1%, postmarketing, and/or case reports: Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, ageusia, agranulocytosis, alopecia, altered sense of smell, anaphylaxis, anemia, angioedema, anosmia, anxiety, arthralgia, auditory impairment, bullous dermatitis, cholestasis, cutaneous lupus erythematosus, depression, DRESS syndrome, erythema multiforme, exacerbation of psoriasis, exacerbation of systemic lupus erythematosus, exfoliative dermatitis, fatigue, flu-like symptoms, hemolytic-uremic syndrome, hepatic insufficiency, hepatic failure, hepatitis, hypersensitivity reaction, hypoesthesia, increased creatine phosphokinase, lens disease, malaise, myalgia, pancreatitis, pancytopenia, paresthesia, psoriasiform eruption, retinopathy, rhabdomyolysis, serum sickness-like reaction, severe neutropenia, skin photosensitivity, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, thrombocytopenia, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, tinnitus, toxic epidermal necrolysis, vasculitis, vertigo, visual field defect

Warnings/Precautions

Concerns related to adverse effects:

• Allylamine antifungal hypersensitivity: Use caution in patients sensitive to allylamine antifungals (eg, naftifine, butenafine); cross-sensitivity to terbinafine may exist.

• Depression: Has been reported with use; instruct patients to report depressive symptoms/mood changes.

• Gastrointestinal effects: Taste disturbance (including loss of taste) may occur and severe cases resulting in decreased food intake, weight loss, anxiety or depression have been reported; resolution may be delayed (eg, several weeks to >1 year) following discontinuation of therapy or in some cases, disturbance may be permanent. Discontinue therapy in patients with symptoms of taste disturbance.

• Hematologic effects: Transient decreases in absolute lymphocyte counts were observed in clinical trials; severe neutropenia (reversible upon discontinuation) has also been reported. Monitor CBC in patients with preexisting immunosuppression if therapy is to continue >6 weeks. Discontinue therapy if ANC ≤1,000/mm3.

• Hepatic failure: Cases of hepatic failure, some leading to liver transplant or death, have been reported. May occur in patients with and without preexisting hepatic disease; severity of hepatic events and/or outcomes may be worse in patients with active or chronic hepatic disease. Perform baseline and periodic liver function tests; discontinue use if clinical evidence of liver injury develops (eg, nausea, anorexia, fatigue, vomiting, right upper abdominal pain, jaundice, dark urine, pale stools) or elevated liver function tests occur.

• Hypersensitivity: Serious skin and hypersensitivity reactions (eg, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, erythema multiforme, exfoliative dermatitis, bullous dermatitis, drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms [DRESS] syndrome) have occurred. If progressive skin rash or signs and symptoms of a hypersensitivity reaction occur, discontinue treatment.

• Ocular effects: Although rare, changes in the ocular lens and retina have been reported; discontinuation of therapy may be required.

• Respiratory effects: Smell disturbance (including loss of smell) has been reported; resolution may be delayed (eg, >1 year) following discontinuation of therapy or in some cases, disturbance may be permanent. Discontinue therapy in patients with symptoms of smell disturbance.

• Thrombotic microangiopathy: Cases of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), including thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic uremic syndrome, have been reported (some fatal). Discontinue if TMA occurs; consider diagnosis of TMA with unexplained thrombocytopenia and anemia.

Disease-related concerns:

• Autoimmune disease (Lupus): Precipitation or exacerbation of cutaneous or systemic lupus erythematosus has been observed; discontinue if signs and/or symptoms develop.

• Hepatic impairment: Use is contraindicated in patients with active or chronic hepatic disease; clearance is reduced by ~50% in hepatic cirrhosis.

• Renal impairment: Use with caution in patients with renal dysfunction (CrCl ≤50 mL/minute); clearance is reduced by ~50%.

Other warnings/precautions:

• Appropriate use: Due to potential toxicity, confirmation of diagnostic testing of nail or skin specimens prior to treatment of onychomycosis or dermatomycosis is recommended.

Monitoring Parameters

Liver function tests at baseline and periodically during treatment; CBC (if used >6 weeks; immunosuppressed patients only); taste and/or smell disturbances

Pregnancy Considerations

Published information related to the use of systemic terbinafine in pregnancy is limited (Gupta 1997; Sarkar 2003).

Systemic therapy for the treatment of onychomycosis or tinea capitis is not recommended during pregnancy (Kaul 2017; Murase 2014).

Patient Education

What is this drug used for?

• It is used to treat fungal infections of the nails.

• It is used to treat fungal infections of the scalp.

• It may be given to you for other reasons. Talk with the doctor.

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

• Headache

• Abdominal pain

• Common cold symptoms

• Diarrhea

• Passing gas

• Vomiting

• Nausea

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

• Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura/hemolytic uremic syndrome like bruising or bleeding; severe loss of strength and energy; dark urine or yellow skin; pale skin; change in amount of urine passed; vision changes; change in strength on one side is greater than the other, trouble speaking or thinking, change in balance; or fever.

• Infection

• Liver problems like dark urine, fatigue, lack of appetite, nausea, abdominal pain, light-colored stools, vomiting, or yellow skin.

• Lupus like rash on the cheeks or other body parts, sunburn easy, muscle or joint pain, chest pain or shortness of breath, or swelling in the arms or legs.

• Swollen glands

• Cough

• Chest pain

• Fast heartbeat

• Blood in the urine

• Change in taste

• Loss of taste

• Change in smell

• Loss of smell

• Weight loss

• Depression

• Lack of appetite

• Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis like red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin (with or without fever); red or irritated eyes; or sores in mouth, throat, nose, or eyes.

• Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Note: This is not a comprehensive list of all side effects. Talk to your doctor if you have questions.

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a limited summary of general information about the medicine's uses from the patient education leaflet and is not intended to be comprehensive. This limited summary does NOT include all information available about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. For a more detailed summary of information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine, please speak with your healthcare provider and review the entire patient education leaflet.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.