Generic name: l-methylfolate [ L-METH-il-FOE-late ]
Brand names: Deplin, L-Methylfolate Formula, XaQuil XR, Zervalx, Vilofane-DP, ... show all 9 brands Duleek-DP, L-Methylfolate Forte, Elfolate, Denovo
Dosage forms: oral capsule (15 mg; 7.5 mg), oral tablet (15 mg; 7.5 mg), oral tablet, extended release (30 mg)
Drug class: Vitamins
What is l-methylfolate?
Folate is a form of B vitamin that occurs naturally in many foods. Folic acid is the man-made form of folate that is added to processed foods or vitamin and mineral supplements. Folate is needed in the human body for production of red blood cells.
A lack (deficiency) of folate in the human body can be caused by certain diseases, by taking certain medications, or by not getting enough folate in your diet. Folate deficiency can lead to decreased red blood cells, or anemia. Folate deficiency can also cause high levels of a certain amino acid in the blood, a condition called hyperhomocysteinemia (HYE-per-HOE-moe-sis-tin-EE-mee-a).
L-methylfolate is a medical food for use in people who have conditions related to folate deficiency. L-methylfolate is also used in people with major depressive disorder who have folate deficiency, or in people with schizophrenia who have hyperhomocysteinemia related to folate deficiency.
L-methylfolate is not an antidepressant or anti-psychotic medication. However, l-methylfolate may enhance the effects of antidepressant medications.
L-methylfolate may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Follow all directions on your medicine label and package. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use.
Before taking this medicine
You should not use l-methylfolate if you are allergic to it.
To make sure l-methylfolate is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
a history of vitamin B12 deficiency or pernicious anemia; or
a history of bipolar disorder (manic depression).
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Your dose needs may be different during pregnancy or while you are nursing.
How should I take l-methylfolate?
Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take l-methylfolate in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Use only the strength of l-methylfolate that your doctor has prescribed. Do not switch brands without your doctor's advice.
You may take l-methylfolate with or without food. Follow your doctor's instructions.
Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow it whole.
Do not share this medication with another person, even if they have the same symptoms you have.
L-methylfolate is only part of a complete program of treatment that may also include other medications, and psychological counseling when used in people with depression or schizophrenia. Follow your medication and counseling routines very closely.
Store at cool room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
An overdose of l-methylfolate is not likely to cause life-threatening symptoms.
What should I avoid while taking l-methylfolate?
Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.
L-methylfolate side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Less serious side effects may occur, and you may have none at all.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
L-methylfolate dosing information
Usual Adult Dose for Folic Acid Deficiency:
7.5 to 15 mg orally once a day, with or without food
XaQuil XR(R): 30 mg orally once a day, with or without food
Use: Suboptimal L-methylfolate levels in patients with major depressive disorder, particularly those on antidepressants
What other drugs will affect l-methylfolate?
Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using, especially:
oral diabetes medicine that contains metformin (Glucophage, Avandamet, Metaglip, and others);
NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)--aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib, diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, and others; or
seizure medicine--carbamazepine, lamotrigine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone, valproic acid.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with l-methylfolate, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.
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Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
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