Generic name: alteplase [ AL-te-plase ]
Brand names: Activase, Cathflo Activase
Drug class: Thrombolytics
What is Activase?
Activase is a thrombolytic (THROM-bo-LIT-ik) drug, sometimes called a "clot-busting" drug. It helps your body produce a substance that dissolves unwanted blood clots.
Activase is used to treat a stroke caused by a blood clot or other obstruction in a blood vessel. This medicine is also used to prevent death from a heart attack (acute myocardial infarction).
Activase is also used to treat a blood clot in the lung (pulmonary embolism).
Activase is also used to dissolve blood clots that have formed in or around a catheter placed inside a blood vessel. This improve the flow of medicines injected in through the catheter, or blood drawn out through the catheter.
Activase may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Activase increases your risk of severe or fatal bleeding, especially from a surgical incision, or from the skin where a needle was inserted. Seek emergency help if you have any bleeding that will not stop.
Before taking this medicine
You should not be treated with Activase if you are allergic to it, or if you have:
active bleeding inside your body;
a brain tumor or aneurysm (dilated blood vessel);
a history of head injury or surgery on your brain or spinal cord within the past 3 months; or
severe or uncontrolled high blood pressure;
a bleeding or blood clotting disorder such as hemophilia;
bleeding inside your brain (if you are receiving Activase to treat a stroke); or
a recent history of stroke (if you are receiving Activase for pulmonary embolism).
If possible before you receive Activase, tell your doctor if you have ever had:
any type of stroke;
bleeding in your brain, stomach, intestines, or urinary tract;
high blood pressure;
an infection of the lining of your heart (also called bacterial endocarditis);
a serious injury or major surgery;
severe bruising or infection around a vein where an IV was placed;
an organ biopsy;
eye problems caused by diabetes;
liver or kidney disease; or
if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
In an emergency situation it may not be possible to tell your caregivers if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Make sure any doctor caring for your pregnancy or your baby knows you have received Activase.
How is Activase given?
Activase is given as an infusion into a vein. A healthcare provider will give you this injection.
Activase is usually given within 3 hours after the first signs of stroke or heart attack symptoms. Your breathing, blood pressure, oxygen levels, and other vital signs will be watched closely.
You will also be watched closely for several hours after receiving Activase, to make sure you do not have an allergic reaction to the medication.
When used to clear blood clots from a catheter, Activase is given in 1 or 2 doses.
Your doctor may prescribe a blood thinner or other medication to help prevent future blood clots. Carefully follow all dosing instructions. These medications can make it easier for you to bleed, even from a minor injury.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Because you will receive Activase in a clinical setting, you are not likely to miss a dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid after receiving Activase?
Ask your doctor before taking aspirin or ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) shortly after you have received Activase. These medications can increase your risk of bleeding.
Avoid activities that may increase your risk of bleeding or injury. Use extra care to prevent bleeding while shaving or brushing your teeth.
Activase side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Activase increases your risk of bleeding, which can be severe or fatal. Call your doctor or seek emergency medical attention if you have bleeding that will not stop. Bleeding may occur from a surgical incision, or from the skin where a needle was inserted during a blood test or while receiving injectable medication. You may also have bleeding on the inside of your body, such as in your stomach or intestines, kidneys or bladder, brain, or within the muscles.
Call your doctor or get emergency medical help if you have signs of bleeding, such as:
sudden headache, feeling very weak or dizzy;
bleeding gums, nosebleeds;
bleeding from a wound, incision, catheter, or needle injection;
bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds;
red or pink urine;
heavy menstrual periods or abnormal vaginal bleeding; or
sudden numbness or weakness (especially on one side of the body), slurred speech, problems with vision or balance.
Also call your doctor at once if you have:
chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the jaw or shoulder, nausea, sweating, general ill feeling;
swelling, rapid weight gain, little or no urination;
severe stomach pain, nausea, and vomiting;
darkening or purple discoloration of your fingers or toes;
very slow heartbeats, shortness of breath, feeling light-headed;
sudden severe back pain, muscle weakness, numbness or loss of feeling in your arms or legs;
increased blood pressure--severe headache, blurred vision, pounding in your neck or ears, anxiety, nosebleed; or
pancreatitis--severe pain in your upper stomach spreading to your back, nausea and vomiting.
Bleeding is the most common side effect of alteplase.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What other drugs will affect Activase?
Tell your doctor about all your other medicines, especially:
any medication used to treat or prevent blood clots;
NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)--aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib, diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, and others.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may affect Activase, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.
Yes, Activase is the same as tPA but technically tPA is an abbreviation for tissue plasminogen activator which is the drug class that encompasses all tissue plasminogen activators, of which there are 3 that have been FDA approved in the United States, namely Activase (generic name alteplase), Retavase (generic name reteplase), TNKase (generic name Tenecteplase). Sometimes healthcare professionals use "tPA" to refer to Activase because it was the first tissue plasminogen activator that was approved. But errors may arise because staff get confused between the abbreviation TNK and tPA, which has resulted in TNKase being given to a stroke patient instead of the intended Activase (TNKase is not approved for stroke patients).
There is no antidote for Activase; if a patient experiences severe bleeding during Activase therapy, immediately discontinue treatment and provide supportive therapy such as tranexamic acid or aminocaproic acid, or fresh frozen plasma or cryoprecipitate if fibrinogen levels are less than 150mg/dL. Stop all other antiplatelet or anticoagulant treatments and investigate (eg, CT brain, CT abdo/pelvis; FBC, coagulation profile [repeat every 2 hours until bleeding controlled]). Continue reading
How Activase is given or administered depends upon the patient’s weight and what it is being used to treat (such as a stroke, pulmonary embolism, or myocardial infarction. For example, when used to treat a heart attack (myocardial infarction), there are two Activase dose regimens, an accelerated and a 3-hour regimen, with different recommendations depending on if the patient is over 67kg or not. For the accelerated regimen, adults weighing 67 kg or less get a 15 mg IV bolus, followed by 0.75 mg/kg IV (not to exceed 50 mg) infused over 30 minutes, and then 0.5 mg/kg IV (not to exceed 35 mg) over the next 60 minutes Adults greater than or equal to 67 kg get a 15 mg IV bolus, followed by 50 mg IV infused over 30 minutes, and then 35 mg IV infused over the next 60 minutes Continue reading
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