Probenecid and Colchicine (colchicine / probenecid) and Alcohol / Food Interactions
There is 1 alcohol/food/lifestyle interaction with Probenecid and Colchicine (colchicine / probenecid):
colchicine ↔ food
Major Food Interaction
Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.
GENERALLY AVOID: Coadministration with grapefruit juice may increase the serum concentrations of colchicine. Clinical toxicity including myopathy, neuropathy, multiorgan failure, and pancytopenia may occur. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated first-pass metabolism and P-glycoprotein efflux in the gut wall by certain compounds present in grapefruits. A published case report describes an eight-year-old patient with familial Mediterranean fever who developed acute clinical colchicine intoxication after ingesting approximately one liter of grapefruit juice per day for two months prior to hospital admission while being treated with colchicine 2 mg/day. Her condition progressed to circulatory shock and multiorgan failure, but she recovered with supportive therapy after 24 days in the hospital. In a study of 21 healthy volunteers, administration of 240 mL grapefruit juice twice a day for 4 days was found to have no significant effect on the pharmacokinetics of a single 0.6 mg dose of colchicine. However, significant interactions have been reported with other CYP450 3A4 inhibitors such as clarithromycin, diltiazem, erythromycin, ketoconazole, ritonavir, and verapamil.
MANAGEMENT: Patients treated with colchicine should be advised to avoid the consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit juice, and to contact their physician if they experience symptoms of colchicine toxicity such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fatigue, myalgia, asthenia, hyporeflexia, paresthesia, and numbness.
- Goldbart A, Press J, Sofer S, Kapelushnik J "Near fatal acute colchicine intoxication in a child. A case report." Eur J Pediatr 159 (2000): 895-7
- Akdag I, Ersoy A, Kahvecioglu S, Gullulu M, Dilek K "Acute colchicine intoxication during clarithromycin administration in patients with chronic renal failure." J Nephrol 19 (2006): 515-7
- Dogukan A, Oymak FS, Taskapan H, Guven M, Tokgoz B, Utas C "Acute fatal colchicine intoxication in a patient on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Possible role of clarithromycin administration." Clin Nephrol 55 (2001): 181-2
Probenecid and Colchicine (colchicine / probenecid) drug Interactions
There are 656 drug interactions with Probenecid and Colchicine (colchicine / probenecid)
Probenecid and Colchicine (colchicine / probenecid) disease Interactions
There are 7 disease interactions with Probenecid and Colchicine (colchicine / probenecid) which include:
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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