Skip to Content

Sprycel Dosage

Generic name: dasatinib 20mg
Dosage form: tablet

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Dec 21, 2018.

Dosage of SPRYCEL in Adult Patients

The recommended starting dosage of SPRYCEL for chronic phase CML in adults is 100 mg administered orally once daily. The recommended starting dosage of SPRYCEL for accelerated phase CML, myeloid or lymphoid blast phase CML, or Ph+ ALL in adults is 140 mg administered orally once daily. Tablets should not be crushed, cut, or chewed; they should be swallowed whole. SPRYCEL can be taken with or without a meal, either in the morning or in the evening.

Dosage of SPRYCEL in Pediatric Patients with CML or Ph+ ALL

The recommended starting dosage for pediatrics is based on body weight as shown in Table 1. The recommended dose should be administered orally once daily with or without food. Recalculate the dose every 3 months based on changes in body weight, or more often if necessary.

Do not crush, cut or chew tablets. Swallow tablets whole. There are additional administration considerations for pediatric patients who have difficulty swallowing tablets whole [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4) and Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

Table 1: Dosage of SPRYCEL for Pediatric Patientsa
Body Weight (kg)b Daily Dose (mg)
a For pediatric patients with Ph+ ALL, begin SPRYCEL therapy on or before day 15 of induction chemotherapy, when diagnosis is confirmed and continue for 2 years.
b Tablet dosing is not recommended for patients weighing less than 10 kg.

10 to less than 20

40 mg

20 to less than 30

60 mg

30 to less than 45

70 mg

at least 45

100 mg

Refer to Section 2.4 for recommendations on dose escalation in adults with CML and Ph+ ALL, and pediatric patients with CML.

Dose Modification

Strong CYP3A4 Inducers
Avoid the use of concomitant strong CYP3A4 inducers and St. John’s wort. If patients must be coadministered a strong CYP3A4 inducer, consider a SPRYCEL dose increase. If the dose of SPRYCEL is increased, monitor the patient carefully for toxicity [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors
Avoid the use of concomitant strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and grapefruit juice. Recommend selecting an alternate concomitant medication with no or minimal enzyme inhibition potential, if possible. If SPRYCEL must be administered with a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, consider a dose decrease to:

• 40 mg daily for patients taking SPRYCEL 140 mg daily.
• 20 mg daily for patients taking SPRYCEL 100 mg daily.
• 20 mg daily for patients taking SPRYCEL 70 mg daily.

For patients taking SPRYCEL 60 mg or 40 mg daily, consider interrupting SPRYCEL until the inhibitor is discontinued. Allow a washout period of approximately 1 week after the inhibitor is stopped before reinitiating SPRYCEL.

These reduced doses of SPRYCEL are predicted to adjust the area under the curve (AUC) to the range observed without CYP3A4 inhibitors; however, clinical data are not available with these dose adjustments in patients receiving strong CYP3A4 inhibitors. If SPRYCEL is not tolerated after dose reduction, either discontinue the strong CYP3A4 inhibitor or interrupt SPRYCEL until the inhibitor is discontinued. Allow a washout period of approximately 1 week after the inhibitor is stopped before the SPRYCEL dose is increased [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

Dose Escalation in Adults with CML and Ph+ ALL, and Pediatric Patients with CML

For adult patients with CML and Ph+ ALL, consider dose escalation to 140 mg once daily (chronic phase CML) or 180 mg once daily (advanced phase CML and Ph+ ALL) in patients who do not achieve a hematologic or cytogenetic response at the recommended starting dosage. For pediatric patients with CML, consider dose escalation to 120 mg once daily (see Table 2 below). Dose escalation is not recommended for pediatric patients with Ph+ ALL, where SPRYCEL is administered in combination with chemotherapy.

Escalate the SPRYCEL dose as shown in Table 2 in pediatric patients with chronic phase CML who do not achieve a hematologic or cytogenetic response at the recommended starting dosage.

Table 2: Dose Escalation for Pediatric CML

Formulation

Dose (maximum dose per day)

Starting Dose

Escalation

Tablets

40 mg

50 mg

60 mg

70 mg

70 mg

90 mg

100 mg

120 mg

Dose Adjustment for Adverse Reactions

Myelosuppression

In clinical studies, myelosuppression was managed by dose interruption, dose reduction, or discontinuation of study therapy. Hematopoietic growth factor has been used in patients with resistant myelosuppression. Guidelines for dose modifications for adult and pediatric patients are summarized in Tables 3 and 4, respectively.

Table 3: Dose Adjustments for Neutropenia and Thrombocytopenia in Adults
* ANC: absolute neutrophil count

Chronic Phase CML

(starting dose 100 mg once daily)

ANC* <0.5 × 109/L
or
Platelets <50 × 109/L

1.
Stop SPRYCEL until ANC ≥1.0 × 109/L and platelets ≥50 × 109/L.
2.
Resume treatment with SPRYCEL at the original starting dose if recovery occurs in ≤7 days.
3.
If platelets <25 × 109/L or recurrence of ANC <0.5 × 109/L for >7 days, repeat Step 1 and resume SPRYCEL at a reduced dose of 80 mg once daily for second episode. For third episode, further reduce dose to 50 mg once daily (for newly diagnosed patients) or discontinue SPRYCEL (for patients resistant or intolerant to prior therapy including imatinib).

Accelerated Phase CML, Blast Phase CML and Ph+ ALL

(starting dose 140 mg once daily)

ANC* <0.5 × 109/L
or
Platelets <10 × 109/L

1.
Check if cytopenia is related to leukemia (marrow aspirate or biopsy).
2.
If cytopenia is unrelated to leukemia, stop SPRYCEL until ANC ≥1.0 × 109/L and platelets ≥20 × 109/L and resume at the original starting dose.
3.
If recurrence of cytopenia, repeat Step 1 and resume SPRYCEL at a reduced dose of 100 mg once daily (second episode) or 80 mg once daily (third episode).
4.
If cytopenia is related to leukemia, consider dose escalation to 180 mg once daily.
Table 4: Dose Adjustments for Neutropenia and Thrombocytopenia in Pediatric Patients with Ph+ CML
*ANC: absolute neutrophil count
** lower tablet dose not available
Dose (maximum dose per day)

1. If cytopenia persists for more than 3 weeks, check if cytopenia is related to leukemia (marrow aspirate or biopsy).

2. If cytopenia is unrelated to leukemia, stop SPRYCEL until ANC* ≥1.0 × 109/L and platelets ≥75 × 109/L and resume at the original starting dose or at a reduced dose.

3. If cytopenia recurs, repeat marrow aspirate/biopsy and resume SPRYCEL at a reduced dose.

Original Starting Dose
One-Level Dose Reduction
Two-Level Dose Reduction

Tablets

40 mg
20 mg
**
60 mg
40 mg
20 mg
70 mg
60 mg
50 mg
100 mg
80 mg
70 mg

For pediatric patients with chronic phase CML, if Grade ≥3 neutropenia or thrombocytopenia recurs during complete hematologic response (CHR), interrupt SPRYCEL and resume at a reduced dose. Implement temporary dose reductions for intermediate degrees of cytopenia and disease response as needed.

For pediatric patients with Ph+ ALL, if neutropenia and/or thrombocytopenia result in a delay of the next block of treatment by more than 14 days, interrupt SPRYCEL and resume at the same dose level once the next block of treatment is started. If neutropenia and/or thrombocytopenia persist and the next block of treatment is delayed another 7 days, perform a bone marrow assessment to assess cellularity and percentage of blasts. If marrow cellularity is <10%, interrupt treatment with SPRYCEL until ANC >500/μL (0.5 x 109/L), at which time treatment may be resumed at full dose. If marrow cellularity is >10%, resumption of treatment with SPRYCEL may be considered.

Non-Hematologic Adverse Reactions

For adults with Ph+ CML and ALL, and pediatric patients with Ph+ CML, if a severe non-hematologic adverse reaction develops with SPRYCEL use, treatment must be withheld until the event has resolved or improved. Thereafter, treatment can be resumed as appropriate at a reduced dose depending on the severity and recurrence of the event [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

For pediatric patients with Ph+ ALL, interrupt treatment for cases of grade ≥ 3 non-hematologic adverse reactions with the exception of liver function test abnormalities, and resume at a reduced dose when resolved to grade ≤1. For elevated direct bilirubin over 5 times the institutional upper limit of normal (ULN), interrupt treatment until improvement to baseline or grade ≤1. For elevated AST/ALT over 15 times the institutional ULN, interrupt treatment until improvement to baseline or grade <1. For recurrent liver function test abnormalities as above, reduce the dose if this adverse reaction recurs after reinitiation of SPRYCEL. Dose reduction recommendations are described in Table 5.

Table 5: Dose Adjustments for Non-Hematologic Toxicities in Pediatric Patients
** lower tablet dose not available
Dose (maximum dose per day)

1. If a non-hematologic toxicity grade 2 occurs, consider interrupting SPRYCEL if no recovery despite symptomatic therapy; once recovered to grade ≤1, resume at the original starting dose. Resume SPRYCEL at a reduced dose for recurrent events.

2. If a non-hematologic toxicity grade 3 occurs, stop SPRYCEL until recovery to grade ≤1 and then resume at a reduced dose.

3. If direct bilirubin is >5 ULN or AST/ALT >15 ULN, interrupt SPRYCEL until recovery to grade ≤1 and then resume SPRYCEL at the original starting dose. Resume SPRYCEL at a reduced dose for recurrent events.

Original Starting Dose
One-Level Dose Reduction
Two-Level Dose Reduction

Tablets

40 mg
20 mg
**
60 mg
40 mg
20 mg
70 mg
60 mg
50 mg
100 mg
80 mg
70 mg

Duration of Treatment

In clinical studies, treatment with SPRYCEL in adults and in pediatric patients with chronic phase CML was continued until disease progression or until no longer tolerated by the patient. The effect of stopping treatment on long-term disease outcome after the achievement of a cytogenetic response (including complete cytogenetic response [CCyR]) or major molecular response (MMR and MR4.5) has not been established.

In clinical studies, treatment with SPRYCEL in pediatric patients with Ph+ ALL was administered for a maximum duration of 2 years [see Dosage and Administration (2.2) and Clinical Studies (14.4)].

SPRYCEL is an antineoplastic product. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures.1

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Hide