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Nivolumab Dosage

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Jan 28, 2021.

Applies to the following strengths: 10 mg/mL

Usual Adult Dose for Melanoma - Metastatic

MONOTHERAPY:
UNRESECTABLE OR METASTATIC MELANOMA:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
ADJUVANT TREATMENT OF MELANOMA:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity for up to one year
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity for up to one year

IN COMBINATION WITH IPILIMUMAB:
UNRESECTABLE OR METASTATIC MELANOMA:
1 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 3 weeks with ipilimumab 3 mg/kg IV over 90 minutes on the same day for a maximum of 4 doses or until unacceptable toxicity, whichever occurs earlier
THEN:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks; after completing 4 doses of combination therapy, administer as single agent until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks; after completing 4 doses of combination therapy, administer as single agent until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Uses:
-As a single agent or in combination with ipilimumab, is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma
-For the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with involvement of lymph nodes or metastatic disease who have undergone complete resection

Usual Adult Dose for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

MONOTHERAPY:
METASTATIC NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

IN COMBINATION WITH IPILIMUMAB:
METASTATIC OR RECURRENT NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER EXPRESSING PD-L1:
3 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 6 weeks until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or up to 2 years in patients without disease progression
METASTATIC OR RECURRENT NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER:
360 mg IV over 30 minutes every 3 weeks with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 6 weeks and histology-based platinum doublet chemotherapy every 3 weeks for the first 2 cycles, then 360 mg IV over 30 minutes every 3 weeks with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 6 weeks until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or up to 2 years in patients without disease progression

Comments:
-Select patients with metastatic NSCLC for treatment with this drug in combination with ipilimumab based on PD-L1 expression.

Uses:
-This drug, in combination with ipilimumab, is for the first-line treatment of adult patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors express PD-L1 (1% or greater) with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations
-This drug, in combination with ipilimumab and 2 cycles of platinum-doublet chemotherapy, for the first-line treatment of adult patients with metastatic or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations

Usual Adult Dose for Renal Cell Carcinoma

MONOTHERAPY:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

IN COMBINATION WITH IPILIMUMAB:
3 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 3 weeks with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes on the same day for 4 doses
THEN AFTER COMPLETING 4 DOSES OF COMBINATION THERAPY, ADMINISTER AS SINGLE AGENT:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or up to 2 years
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or up to 2 years

IN COMBINATION WITH CABOZANTINIB:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks in combination with cabozantinib 40 mg orally once daily (without food) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks in combination with cabozantinib 40 mg orally once daily (without food) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Uses:
-As a single agent for treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who have received prior anti-angiogenic therapy
-In combination with ipilimumab for first-line treatment of intermediate or poor risk advanced RCC
-In combination with cabozantinib the first-line treatment of patients with advanced RCC

Usual Adult Dose for Hodgkin's Disease

MONOTHERAPY:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Use: For classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) that has relapsed or progressed after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and brentuximab vedotin OR 3 or more lines of systemic therapy that includes autologous HSCT

Usual Adult Dose for Head and Neck Cancer

MONOTHERAPY:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Use: For recurrent or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) with disease progression on or after platinum-based therapy

Usual Adult Dose for Urothelial Carcinoma

MONOTHERAPY:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Use: For locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or have disease progression within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy

Usual Adult Dose for Colorectal Cancer

MONOTHERAPY:
40 KG OR GREATER:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

IN COMBINATION WITH IPILIMUMAB:
40 KG OR GREATER:
3 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 3 weeks with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes on the same day for a total of 4 doses
AFTER COMPLETING 4 DOSES OF COMBINATION THERAPY, ADMINISTER AS SINGLE AGENT:
40 KG OR GREATER:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Use: As a single agent or in combination with ipilimumab for microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) that has progressed following treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan

Usual Adult Dose for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

MONOTHERAPY:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

IN COMBINATION WITH IPILIMUMAB:
1 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 3 weeks with ipilimumab 3 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes on the same day for 4 doses
THEN AFTER COMPLETING 4 DOSES OF COMBINATION THERAPY, ADMINISTER AS SINGLE AGENT:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Use: As a single agent or in combination with ipilimumab for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have been previously treated with sorafenib

Usual Adult Dose for Small Cell Lung Cancer

MONOTHERAPY:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Comments:
-Select patients with metastatic NSCLC for treatment with this drug in combination with ipilimumab based on PD-L1 expression.

Use: For the treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with progression after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least 1 other line of therapy

Usual Adult Dose for Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

IN COMBINATION WITH IPILIMUMAB:
360 mg IV over 30 minutes every 3 weeks with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 6 weeks until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or up to 2 years in patients without disease progression

Use: For adult patients with unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma as first-line treatment in combination with ipilimumab

Usual Adult Dose for Esophageal Carcinoma

MONOTHERAPY:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Use: For the treatment of patients with unresectable advanced, recurrent or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) after prior fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-based chemotherapy

Usual Pediatric Dose for Colorectal Cancer

MONOTHERAPY:
12 years and older:
LESS THAN 40 KG:
3 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
12 years and older:
40 KG OR GREATER:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

IN COMBINATION WITH IPILIMUMAB:
12 years and older:
3 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes on the same day for a total of 4 doses
AFTER COMPLETING 4 DOSES OF COMBINATION THERAPY, ADMINISTER AS SINGLE AGENT:
LESS THAN 40 KG:
3 mg/kg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
40 KG OR GREATER:
240 mg IV over 30 minutes every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
OR
480 mg IV over 30 minutes every 4 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity

Use: As a single agent or in combination with ipilimumab for microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) that has progressed following treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan in pediatric patients 12 years and older

Renal Dose Adjustments

No adjustment recommended.

See NEPHRITIS AND RENAL DYSFUNCTION in DOSE ADJUSTMENTS for further information.

Liver Dose Adjustments

Mild hepatic impairment: No adjustment recommended.
Moderate to severe hepatic impairment: Data not available

See HEPATITIS in DOSE ADJUSTMENTS for further information.

Dose Adjustments

NOTE:
-No dose reduction for nivolumab is recommended. In general, withhold therapy for severe (Grade 3) immune-mediated adverse reactions.
-Permanently discontinue therapy for life-threatening (Grade 4) immune-mediated adverse reactions, recurrent severe (Grade 3) immune-mediated reactions that require systemic immunosuppressive treatment, or an inability to reduce corticosteroid dose to 10 mg or less of prednisone or equivalent per day within 12 weeks of initiating steroids.
-When nivolumab is administered in combination with ipilimumab, if nivolumab is withheld, ipilimumab should also be withheld.
-There are no recommended dose modifications for hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
-Interrupt or slow the rate of infusion in patients with mild or moderate infusion reactions.
-Discontinue therapy in patients with severe or life-threatening infusion reactions.

RECOMMENDED DOSE MODIFICATIONS FOR NIVOLUMAB AS A SINGLE AGENT:
PNEUMONITIS:
-Grade 2: Withhold therapy; resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper; permanently discontinue if no complete or partial resolution within 12 weeks of last dose or inability to reduce prednisone to 10 mg per day (or equivalent) or less within 12 weeks of initiating steroids.
-Grade 3 or 4 pneumonitis: Permanently discontinue therapy; administer corticosteroids at a dose of 1 to 2 mg/kg/day prednisone equivalents, followed by a corticosteroid taper
COLITIS:
-Grade 2 or 3: Withhold therapy; resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper; permanently discontinue if no complete or partial resolution within 12 weeks of last dose or inability to reduce prednisone to 10 mg per day (or equivalent) or less within 12 weeks of initiating steroids.
-Grade 4: Permanently discontinue therapy.
HEPATITIS WITH NO TUMOR INVOLVEMENT OF THE LIVER:
-If aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is more than 3 and up to 8 times upper limit of normal (ULN) OR total bilirubin is more than 1.5 and up to 3 x ULN: Withhold therapy; resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper; permanently discontinue if no complete or partial resolution within 12 weeks of last dose or inability to reduce prednisone to 10 mg per day (or equivalent) or less within 12 weeks of initiating steroids.
-If AST or ALT is more than 8 x ULN OR total bilirubin is more than 3 x ULN: Permanently discontinue therapy.
HEPATITIS WITH TUMOR INVOLVEMENT OF THE LIVER:
-Baseline AST/ALT is more than 1 and up to 3 x ULN and increases to more than 5 and up to 10 x ULN OR baseline AST/ALT is more than 3 and up to 5 x ULN and increases to more than 8 and up to 10 x ULN: Withhold therapy; resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper; permanently discontinue if no complete or partial resolution within 12 weeks of last dose or inability to reduce prednisone to 10 mg per day (or equivalent) or less within 12 weeks of initiating steroids.
-AST/ALT increases to more than 10 x ULN OR total bilirubin increases to more than 3 x ULN: Permanently discontinue therapy.
ENDOCRINOPATHIES (depending on severity, consider withholding for Grade 2 endocrinopathy until symptom improvement with hormone replacement; resume once acute symptoms have resolved):
-Grade 3 or 4: Withhold therapy until stable or permanently discontinue depending on severity.
NEPHRITIS WITH RENAL DYSFUNCTION:
-Grade 2 or 3 increased blood creatinine: : Withhold therapy; resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper; permanently discontinue if no complete or partial resolution within 12 weeks of last dose or inability to reduce prednisone to 10 mg per day (or equivalent) or less within 12 weeks of initiating steroids.
-Grade 4 increased blood creatinine: Permanently discontinue therapy.
EXFOLIATIVE DERMATOLOGIC CONDITIONS:
-Suspected Stevens Johnson Syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), or Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS): Withhold therapy.
Confirmed SJS, TEN, or DRESS: Permanently discontinue therapy.
MYOCARDITIS:
-Grade 2, 3, or 4: Permanently discontinue therapy.
NEUROLOGICAL TOXICITIES:
-Grade 2: Withhold therapy; resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper; permanently discontinue if no complete or partial resolution within 12 weeks of last dose or inability to reduce prednisone to 10 mg per day (or equivalent) or less within 12 weeks of initiating steroids.
-Grade 3 or 4: Permanently discontinue therapy.
INFUSION-RELATED REACTIONS:
-Grade 1 or 2: Interrupt or slow the rate of infusion.
-Grade 3 or 4: Permanently discontinue therapy.

RECOMMENDED DOSE MODIFICATIONS FOR COMBINATION THERAPY:
COLITIS:
-Grade 2: Withhold therapy; resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper; permanently discontinue if no complete or partial resolution within 12 weeks of last dose or inability to reduce prednisone to 10 mg per day (or equivalent) or less within 12 weeks of initiating steroids.
-Grade 3 or 4: Permanently discontinue therapy.
HEPATITIS (WITH NO TUMOR INVOLVEMENT OF THE LIVER OR HEPATITIS WITH TUMOR INVOLVEMENT OF THE LIVER/NON-HCC):
-AST/ALT increases to more than 3 and up to 5 x ULN OR total bilirubin increases to more than 1.5 and up to 3 x ULN: Withhold therapy; resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper; permanently discontinue if no complete or partial resolution within 12 weeks of last dose or inability to reduce prednisone to 10 mg per day (or equivalent) or less within 12 weeks of initiating steroids.
-AST or ALT more than 5 x ULN OR total bilirubin more than 3 times ULN: Permanently discontinue therapy.
HEPATITIS (WITH TUMOR INVOLVEMENT OF THE LIVER [IF AST AND ALT ARE LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO ULN AT BASELINE, WITHHOLD OR PERMANENTLY DISCONTINUE THERAPY BASED ON RECOMMENDATIONS FOR HEPATITIS WITH NO LIVER INVOLVEMENT]/HCC):
-Baseline AST/ALT is more than 1 and up to 3 x ULN and increases to more than 5 and up to 10 x ULN OR baseline AST/ALT is more than 3 and up to 5 x ULN and increases to more than 8 and up to 10 x ULN: Withhold therapy; resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 to 1) after corticosteroid taper; permanently discontinue if no complete or partial resolution within 12 weeks of last dose or inability to reduce prednisone to 10 mg per day (or equivalent) or less within 12 weeks of initiating steroids.
-AST/ALT increases to more than 10 x ULN OR total bilirubin increases to more than 3 x ULN: Permanently discontinue therapy.

Precautions

CONTRAINDICATIONS:
-None

Safety and efficacy have not been established in patients younger than 12 years for colorectal cancer.
Safety and efficacy have not been established in patients younger than 18 years for all indications except colorectal cancer.

Consult WARNINGS section for additional precautions.

Dialysis

Data not available

Other Comments

Administration Advice:
-Use sterile, non-pyrogenic, low protein binding in-line filter with a 0.2 to 1.2 micrometer pore.
-Flush IV line after infusion.
-When this drug is administered in combination with ipilimumab, infuse this drug first followed by ipilimumab on the same day. Use separate infusion bags and filters for each infusion.
-When this drug is administered in combination with ipilimumab, if this drug is withheld, ipilimumab should also be withheld.
-Manufacturer prescribing information should be consulted for more information on ipilimumab dosing.

Reconstitution/preparation techniques:
-Dilute the drug with either normal saline or 5% dextrose to a concentration of 1 to 10 mg/mL.
-Invert to mix; do not shake.

Storage requirements:
-Refrigerate; protect from light; store in original package until use.
-After preparation, keep at room temperature for no more than 4 hours or in the refrigerator for no more than 24 hours, include infusion time.
-Do not freeze.

IV compatibility:
-Do not coadminister other drugs through the same line.

Monitoring:
-Hepatic: Liver function tests prior to initiating therapy and periodically thereafter
-Renal: Serum creatinine prior to initiating therapy and periodically thereafter
-Endocrine: Thyroid function prior to initiating therapy and periodically thereafter

Patient Education:
-Inform patients about the risk of immune-mediated reactions that may occur and lead to disruption or discontinuation of therapy and corticosteroid treatment.
-Advise females of reproductive age to use effective contraception during treatment and for at least 5 months after the last dose.
-Advise women against breastfeeding while taking this drug.
-Inform patients about the importance of having regular blood work and lab tests done while taking this drug.

Frequently asked questions

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.