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Adenosine Disease Interactions

There are 4 disease interactions with adenosine:


Adenosine (Includes Adenosine) ↔ Sinus- Av Node Dysfunction

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Heart Block, Sinus Node Dysfunction

The use of adenosine is contraindicated in patients with second- or third-degree AV block, sick sinus syndrome, or symptomatic bradycardia in the absence of a functional artificial pacemaker.


  1. Engelstein ED, Lerman BB "Adenosine induced intraatrial block." Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 16 (1993): 89-94
  2. Reed R, Falk JL, O'Brien J "Untoward reaction to adenosine therapy for supraventricular tachycardia." Am J Emerg Med 9 (1991): 566-70
  3. Kipel G, Rossi AF, Steinberg LG, Gelb B, Fiumecaldo F, Golinko RJ, Griepp RB "Malignant wide complex tachycardia after adenosine administration to a postoperative pediatric patient with congenital heart disease." Pediatr Cardiol 16 (1995): 36-7
View all 4 references

Antiarrhythmics (Includes Adenosine) ↔ Cardiovascular Dysfunction

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hypotension

Antiarrhythmic agents can induce severe hypotension (particularly with IV administration) or induce or worsen congestive heart failure (CHF). Patients with primary cardiomyopathy or inadequately compensated CHF are at increased risk. Antiarrhythmic agents should be administered cautiously and dosage and/or frequency of administration modified in patients with hypotension or adequately compensated CHF. Alternative therapy should be considered unless these conditions are secondary to cardiac arrhythmia.


  1. Halkin H, Meffin P, Melmon KL, Rowland M "Influence of congestive heart failure on blood levels of lidocaine and its active monodeethylated metabolite." Clin Pharmacol Ther 17 (1975): 669-76
  2. Crouthamel WG "The effect of congestive heart failure on quinidine pharmacokinetics." Am Heart J 90 (1975): 335-9
  3. "Product Information. Cordarone (amiodarone)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
View all 17 references

Antiarrhythmics (Includes Adenosine) ↔ Proarrhythmic Effects

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Arrhythmias

Antiarrhythmic agents can induce or worsen ventricular arrhythmias. Ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, and torsades de pointes have occurred in some patients. Patients with underlying cardiac dysfunction, bradycardia, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, or high antiarrhythmic serum concentrations are at increased risk for drug-induced arrhythmias. Therapy with antiarrhythmics should be used with extreme caution in patients with or predisposed to arrhythmias. Evidence of improved survival is lacking for use of antiarrhythmic therapy in asymptomatic, non-life-threatening arrhythmias. Therapy with antiarrhythmic agents should be reserved for patients with life-threatening arrhythmias.


  1. "Product Information. Tambocor (flecainide)." 3M Pharmaceuticals, St. Paul, MN.
  2. "Product Information. Adenocard (adenosine)." Fujisawa, Deerfield, IL.
  3. Andrivet P, Beaslay V, Canh VD "Torsades de pointe with flecainide-amiodarone therapy." Intensive Care Med 16 (1990): 342-3
View all 62 references

Adenosine (Includes Adenosine) ↔ Bronchoconstriction

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Adenosine induces mast cell degranulation and histamine release. Bronchoconstriction has been reported in patients with asthma during therapy with adenosine. Therapy with adenosine should be administered cautiously in patients with obstructive lung disease not associated with bronchoconstriction (emphysema or bronchitis) and should be avoided in patients with bronchoconstriction or bronchospasm (asthma).


  1. Drake I, Routledge PA, Richards R "Bronchospasm induced by intravenous adenosine." Hum Exp Toxicol 13 (1994): 263-5
  2. Ali S, Mustafa SJ, Metzger WJ "Adenosine-induced bronchoconstriction and contraction of airway smooth muscle from allergic rabbits with late-phase airway obstruction: evidence for an inducible adenosine a(1) receptor." J Pharmacol Exp Ther 268 (1994): 1328-34
  3. Thorne JR, Broadley KJ "Adenosine-induced bronchoconstriction in conscious hyperresponsive and sensitized guinea pigs." Am J Respir Crit Care Med 149 (1994): 392-9
View all 6 references

adenosine drug Interactions

There are 237 drug interactions with adenosine

adenosine alcohol/food Interactions

There are 3 alcohol/food interactions with adenosine

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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