Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Oct 21, 2022.
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Antineoplastic Agent
Pharmacologic Class: Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor
Uses for tivozanib
Tivozanib is used to treat advanced kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma) in patients who have received at least 2 or more cancer treatment and has come back or did not work well.
Tivozanib is an antineoplastic agent (cancer medicine). It interferes with the growth of cancer cells, which are eventually destroyed.
Tivozanib is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before using tivozanib
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For tivozanib, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to tivozanib or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of tivozanib in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of tivozanib in the elderly.
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking tivozanib, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using tivozanib with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- St John's Wort
Interactions with food/tobacco/alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other medical problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of tivozanib. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Allergy to aspirin—Use with caution. Tivozanib contains a yellow dye called tartrazine, which may cause allergic reactions (including asthma) in patients with this condition.
- Bleeding problems, or history of or
- Blood clotting problems (eg, arterial thromboembolism, venous thromboembolism), history of or
- Heart attack, history of or
- Heart failure, history of or
- Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
- Stroke, history of or
- Thyroid problems—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Liver disease, moderate—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.
Proper use of tivozanib
Medicines used to treat cancer are very strong and can have many side effects. Before receiving tivozanib, make sure you understand all the risks and benefits. It is important for you to work closely with your doctor during your treatment.
Take tivozanib exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of unwanted effects.
Tivozanib comes with a patient information insert. Read and follow the instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.
Swallow the capsule whole with a glass of water. Do not open, break, crush, or chew it. You may take tivozanib with or without food.
The dose of tivozanib will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of tivozanib. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (capsules):
- For advanced kidney cancer:
- Adults—1.34 milligrams (mg) once a day for 21 days, followed by 7 days without treatment. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed and tolerated.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For advanced kidney cancer:
If you miss a dose of tivozanib, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Precautions while using tivozanib
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits for any unwanted effects from the medicine. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.
Using tivozanib while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. Tivozanib may also cause birth defects if the father is using it when his sexual partner becomes pregnant. If you are a woman who can get pregnant, your doctor may do tests to make sure you are not pregnant before starting treatment. Female patients should use an effective form of birth control during treatment with tivozanib and for at least 1 month after the last dose. Male patients who have female partners should use effective birth control during treatment with tivozanib and for at least 1 month after the last dose. If you think you have become pregnant or your partner has become pregnant while using tivozanib, tell your doctor right away.
If you plan to have children, talk with your doctor before using tivozanib. Some men and women using tivozanib have become infertile (unable to have children).
Your doctor will check your blood pressure on a regular basis while you are using tivozanib. You might need to monitor your blood pressure at home. Tell your doctor right away if you have a severe headache, lightheadedness, or changes in your vision.
Check with your doctor right away if you have chest pain or tightness, decreased urine output, dilated neck veins, irregular or trouble breathing, irregular heartbeat, swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs, unusual tiredness or weakness, or weight gain. These may be symptoms of a serious heart problem (eg, heart failure).
Tivozanib may increase your risk of developing blood clots. Check with your doctor right away if you have swelling and pain in your arms, legs, or stomach, chest pain, difficulty with breathing, loss of sensation, confusion, or problems with muscle control or speech.
Tivozanib may increase your risk of bleeding. Tell your doctor right away if you cough up blood or have bleeding gums, difficulty with breathing or swallowing, dizziness, increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding, nosebleeds, prolonged bleeding from cuts, red or dark brown urine, or red or black, tarry stools. Stay away from rough sports or other situations where you could be bruised, cut, or injured. Brush and floss your teeth gently. Be careful when using sharp objects, including razors and fingernail clippers.
This may increase the levels of protein in your urine, which may lead to kidney damage. Tell your doctor right away if you have cloudy urine.
Tivozanib may affect the way your body heals from cuts and wounds. Make sure any doctor who treats you knows that you are using tivozanib. You may need to stop using tivozanib at least 24 days before having a surgery. Wait for at least 2 weeks after major surgery, or until adequate wound healing before taking tivozanib again.
Tivozanib may increase your chance of having a brain condition called reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS). Check with your doctor right away if you have headaches, seizures, extreme drowsiness, confusion, or problems with vision while you are using tivozanib.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
Tivozanib side effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
- back pain
- black, tarry stools
- bleeding from the rectum or bloody stools
- bleeding gums
- blood in the urine
- bloody nose
- blurred vision
- change in consciousness
- cloudy urine
- collection of blood under the skin
- confusion as to time, place, or person
- coughing or spitting up blood
- decreased urine output
- deep, dark purple bruise
- depressed mood
- difficulty in swallowing
- dilated neck veins
- dry skin and hair
- enlarged pupils
- feeling cold
- hair loss
- heavy nonmenstrual vaginal bleeding
- hoarseness or husky voice
- holding false beliefs that cannot be changed by fact
- increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding
- increased sensitivity of the eyes to light
- increased sweating, possibly with fever or cold, clammy skin
- irregular breathing
- irregular heartbeat
- loss of consciousness
- muscle cramps, stiffness, twitching
- pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck
- pain, redness, or swelling in the arm or leg
- pains in the chest, groin, or legs, especially calves of the legs
- pounding in the ears
- prolonged bleeding from cuts
- red or dark brown urine
- red or black, tarry stools
- seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
- sensitivity to heat
- severe chest pain
- severe headache
- slow or fast heartbeat
- sore throat
- stiff or sore neck
- sudden loss of coordination
- sudden onset of slurred speech
- sudden onset of trouble breathing for no apparent reason
- sudden vision changes
- swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs
- tightness in the chest
- trouble breathing
- trouble healing
- trouble sleeping
- unusual excitement, nervousness, or restlessness
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- voice changes
- vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds
- weight gain or loss
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
- Blistering, crusting, irritation, itching, or reddening of the skin
- blistering, peeling, loosening of the skin
- cracked, dry, scaly skin
- decreased appetite
- dry, flaky, scaling skin on the scalp, eyebrows, near the ears, and around the nose
- increased sensitivity of skin to sunlight
- joint or muscle pain
- lack or loss of strength
- rash with flat lesions or small raised lesions on the skins
- red, irritated eyes
- redness or other discoloration of skin
- severe sunburn
- skin rash, encrusted, scaly and oozing
- sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
- swelling or inflammation of the mouth
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
More about tivozanib
- Check interactions
- Side effects
- Dosage information
- During pregnancy
- Drug class: VEGF/VEGFR inhibitors
- En español
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