leuprolide and norethindrone (Intramuscular route, Oral route)
LOO-proe-lide AS-e-tate, nor-ETH-in-drone AS-e-tate
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
- Lupaneta Pack
Available Dosage Forms:
- Powder for Suspension, 1 Month
- Powder for Suspension, 3 Month
Uses For leuprolide and norethindrone
Leuprolide injection and norethindrone tablets are used together to treat pain caused by endometriosis. This combination is also used to prevent the symptoms of endometriosis from occurring again. leuprolide and norethindrone should be used no longer than 12 months.
Leuprolide injection is a synthetic (man-made) hormone that is similar to a natural hormone that is produced in the brain. It decreases the amount of estrogen in the body and helps treat endometriosis. Norethindrone is a synthetic (man-made) progestin hormone that is used to treat thinning of the bones caused by leuprolide.
leuprolide and norethindrone is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before Using leuprolide and norethindrone
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For leuprolide and norethindrone, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to leuprolide and norethindrone or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of Lupaneta Pack® in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Lupaneta Pack® is not indicated in postmenopausal women and has not been studied in women 65 years of age and older.
|All Trimesters||X||Studies in animals or pregnant women have demonstrated positive evidence of fetal abnormalities. This drug should not be used in women who are or may become pregnant because the risk clearly outweighs any possible benefit.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving leuprolide and norethindrone, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using leuprolide and norethindrone with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.
- Tranexamic Acid
Using leuprolide and norethindrone with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Arsenic Trioxide
- Perflutren Lipid Microsphere
- Sodium Phosphate
- Sodium Phosphate, Dibasic
- Sodium Phosphate, Monobasic
Using leuprolide and norethindrone with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Mycophenolate Mofetil
- Mycophenolic Acid
- St John's Wort
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using leuprolide and norethindrone with any of the following may cause an increased risk of certain side effects but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use leuprolide and norethindrone, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of leuprolide and norethindrone. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Abnormal uterine bleeding, not diagnosed or
- Blood clotting disorders, or history of or
- Breast cancer or other hormone-sensitive cancer, known, suspected, or history of or
- Heart attack, recent or
- Liver disease or tumors or
- Stroke—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
- Asthma, history of or
- Depression, history of or
- Epilepsy (seizures) or
- Fluid retention (body swelling) or
- Heart or blood vessel disease or
- Kidney disease or
- Migraine headache or
- Papilledema (swelling of the optic disc of the eyes) or
- Osteoporosis (thinning of the bones) or
- Retinal vascular lesions (eye problem)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Blood clotting problems, family history of or
- Diabetes or
- Hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol in the blood) or
- Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
- Obesity—Use with caution. May cause side effects to become worse.
Proper Use of leuprolide and norethindrone
leuprolide and norethindrone usually comes with a patient information leaflet. Read the information carefully and make sure you understand them before receiving leuprolide and norethindrone. If you have any questions, ask your doctor.
Lupaneta Pack® is a kit that contains two medicines: leuprolide injection and norethindrone tablets.
Leuprolide injection is given as a shot into a muscle by a nurse or other trained health professional in a hospital or clinic. It is a long acting form (depot) that may be given once every month or once every 3 months for up to 6 months of treatment.
Norethindrone tablets are to be taken by mouth every day for up to 6 months after you receive your leuprolide injection.
The dose of leuprolide and norethindrone will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of leuprolide and norethindrone. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (tablets):
- For pain due to endometriosis:
- Adults—5 mg once a day, for up to 6 months.
- Children—Use is not recommended.
- For pain due to endometriosis:
If you miss a dose of leuprolide and norethindrone, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Precautions While Using leuprolide and norethindrone
It is very important that you return to your doctor’s office at the right time for your leuprolide injections. Be sure to keep all appointments.
You should not receive leuprolide and norethindrone if you are pregnant or may become pregnant. Using leuprolide and norethindrone while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. Use an effective form of birth control (eg, diaphragm with spermicide, condoms with spermicide, IUD) to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while using leuprolide and norethindrone, tell your doctor right away.
leuprolide and norethindrone may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Call your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth while you are using leuprolide and norethindrone.
leuprolide and norethindrone can cause your bone mineral density to decrease, which may lead to osteoporosis or weakened bones. Talk with your doctor about how this risk will affect you.
Call your doctor right away if you have sudden loss of vision, double vision, bulging eyes, or a migraine headache.
Tell your doctor if you drink alcohol on a regular basis, or if you smoke or use tobacco products.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
leuprolide and norethindrone Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:More common
- feeling of warmth
- mental depression
- quick to react or overreact emotionally
- rapidly changing moods
- redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
- sudden sweating
- bladder pain
- bloody or cloudy urine
- blurred vision
- chest pain
- dark urine
- difficult, burning, or painful urination
- difficulty speaking
- difficulty swallowing
- dizziness or lightheadedness
- double vision
- fast heartbeat
- flu-like symptoms
- frequent urge to urinate
- hives or welts
- inability to move the arms, legs, or facial muscles
- increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight
- joint or muscle pain or stiffness
- lower back or side pain
- nausea and vomiting
- numbness or tingling in the face, arms, or legs
- pain in the groin or genitals
- pain, redness, or swelling in the arm or leg
- pounding in the ears
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
- redness of the skin
- right upper quadrant tenderness
- severe sunburn
- sharp back pain just below the ribs
- skin rash
- slow or fast heartbeat
- slow speech
- sudden shortness of breath or trouble breathing
- thoughts or attempts at killing oneself
- tightness in the chest
- trouble breathing
- trouble sleeping
- trouble thinking or walking
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- yellow eyes or skin
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- Acid or sour stomach
- being forgetful
- bleeding, blistering, burning, coldness, discoloration of the skin, feeling of pressure, hives, infection, inflammation, itching, lumps, numbness, pain, rash, redness, scarring, soreness, stinging, swelling, tenderness, tingling, ulceration, or warmth at the injection site
- blemishes on the skin
- bloated or full feeling
- burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
- changes in appetite
- decreased interest in sexual intercourse
- difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
- excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
- feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
- hair loss or thinning of the hair
- headache, severe and throbbing
- inability to have or keep an erection
- lack or loss of strength
- loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
- pain or tenderness from the breasts
- passing gas
- sensation of spinning
- stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
- weight gain
- Absent missed or irregular menstrual periods
- itching of the vagina or genital area
- pain during sexual intercourse
- stopping of menstrual bleeding
- thick, white vaginal discharge with no odor or with a mild odor
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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More about leuprolide/norethindrone
- Other brands: Lupaneta Pack