insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart (Subcutaneous route)
IN-su-lin AS-part PROE-ta-meen, ree-KOM-bi-nant, IN-su-lin AS-part, ree-KOM-bi-nant
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
- NovoLOG Mix 70/30
- NovoLOG Mix 70/30 FlexPen
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Antidiabetic
Pharmacologic Class: Insulin Aspart, Recombinant
Uses For insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart
Insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart is a combination of a fast-acting insulin and an intermediate-acting type of human insulin. Insulin is used by people with diabetes to help keep blood sugar levels under control. When you have diabetes mellitus, your body cannot make enough or does not use insulin properly. So, you must take additional insulin to regulate your blood sugar and keep your body healthy. This is very important as too much sugar in your blood can be harmful to your health.
insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before Using insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart , the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart combination in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart combination in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related heart, liver, or kidney problems which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart . Recommended doses should not be exceeded, and the patient should be carefully monitored for symptoms of hypoglycemia during treatment with insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart .
|All Trimesters||B||Animal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart , it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Thioctic Acid
Using insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Bitter Melon
- Guar Gum
- Methylene Blue
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart with any of the following is usually not recommended, but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart , or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart . Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Diabetic ketoacidosis (too much acid in the blood) or
- Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)—Should not be used in patients with these conditions. If you have low blood sugar and take insulin, your blood sugar may reach dangerously low levels.
- Hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood)—May make this condition worse and increase your chance of having serious side effects.
- Infection or any illness or
- Stress (eg, physical or emotional)—These conditions increase blood sugar and may increase the amount of insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart combination you need.
- Kidney disease or
- Liver disease—Effects of insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart combination may be increased because of the slower removal of the medicine from the body.
Proper Use of insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart
A nurse or other trained health professional may give you insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart . You may also be taught how to give your medicine at home. insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart is given as a shot under your skin.
Always double-check both the concentration (strength) of your insulin and your dose. Concentration and dose are not the same. The dose is how many units of insulin you will use. The concentration tells how many units of insulin are in each milliliter (mL), such as 100 units/mL (U-100), but this does not mean you will use 100 units at a time.
Each package of insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart combination contains a patient information sheet. Read this sheet carefully before beginning your treatment and each time you refill the medicine for any new information, and make sure you understand:
- How to prepare the medicine.
- How to inject the medicine.
- How to use a disposable insulin delivery device.
- How to dispose of syringes, needles, and injection devices.
It is best to use a different place on the body for each injection (eg, under the skin of your abdomen or stomach, thigh, buttocks, or upper arm). If you have questions about this, contact a member of your health care team.
When used as a mealtime insulin, this insulin combination should be taken within 15 minutes before a meal. If you have type 2 diabetes, you can use insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart after meals.
Use a new needle for the FlexPen® each time you give yourself an injection. Always remove and throw the needle after each injection from the pen. Store it without a needle attached.
Follow carefully the special meal plan your doctor gave you. This is the most important part of controlling your condition and is necessary if the medicine is to work properly. Also, exercise regularly and test for sugar in your blood or urine as directed.
You should never mix insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart combination with other insulin injections without checking first with your doctor. These injections are usually done separately. Also, insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart should not be used in an insulin infusion pump. If you have questions about this, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Do not change the brand, type, or dose of your insulin unless your doctor tells you to. When you receive a new supply of insulin, check the label to be sure if it is the correct type of insulin.
The dose of insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart . If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For injection dosage form:
- For diabetes mellitus:
- Adults—The dose is based on your blood sugar and must be determined by your doctor.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For diabetes mellitus:
If you miss a dose of insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart , take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Store insulin containers that have not been opened in the refrigerator in the original carton until the expiration date. Do not freeze. Do not use the insulin if it has been frozen. You may also store the unopened cartridge or FlexPen® at room temperature for up to 14 days.
Store the opened vial of insulin in the refrigerator. Do not freeze. If you cannot keep your vial of insulin in the refrigerator, you may store it at room temperature in a cool place, away from direct heat and light, for only 28 days.
The cartridge and pen you are currently using should not be refrigerated. You should store the cartridge or pen at room temperature in a cool place away from direct heat and light, for only 14 days.
Precautions While Using insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart
Never share insulin pens or cartridges with others under any circumstances. It is not safe for one pen to be used for more than one person. Sharing needles or pens can result in transmission of hepatitis viruses, HIV, or other bloodborne illnesses.
Your doctor will want to check your progress at regular visits, especially during the first few weeks that you take insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart . Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.
It is very important to follow carefully any instructions from your health care team about:
- Alcohol—Drinking alcohol (including beer and wine) may cause severe low blood sugar. Discuss this with your health care team.
- Other medicines—Do not take other medicines during the time you are taking insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This especially includes nonprescription medicines such as aspirin, and medicines for appetite control, asthma, colds, cough, hay fever, or sinus problems.
- Counseling—Other family members need to learn how to prevent side effects or help with side effects if they occur. Also, patients with diabetes may need special counseling about diabetes medicine dosing changes that might occur because of lifestyle changes, such as changes in exercise and diet. Furthermore, counseling on contraception and pregnancy may be needed because of the problems that can occur in patients with diabetes during pregnancy.
- Travel—Keep a recent prescription and your medical history with you. Be prepared for an emergency as you would normally. Make allowances for changing time zones and keep your meal times as close as possible to your usual meal times.
In case of emergency: There may be a time when you need emergency help for a problem caused by your diabetes. You need to be prepared for these emergencies. It is a good idea to:
- Wear a medical identification (ID) bracelet or neck chain at all times. Also, carry an ID card in your wallet or purse that says that you have diabetes and a list of all of your medicines.
- Keep an extra supply of insulin and syringes with needles or injection devices on hand in case high blood sugar occurs.
- Keep some kind of quick-acting sugar handy to treat low blood sugar.
- Have a glucagon kit and a syringe and needle available in case severe low blood sugar occurs. Check and replace any expired kits regularly.
insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing or swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after you get the injection.
You may have some skin redness, rash, itching, or swelling at the injection site. If this irritation is severe or does not go away, call your doctor. Do not inject insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart into a skin area that is red, swollen, or itchy.
Using insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart together with other diabetes medicine (eg, pioglitazone, rosiglitazone, Actos®, Actoplus Met®, Avandia®) may cause serious heart problems or edema (fluid retention). Check with your doctor immediately if you are rapidly gaining weight, having shortness of breath, chest pain or discomfort, extreme tiredness or weakness, trouble breathing, uneven heartbeat, or excessive swelling of the hands, wrist, ankles, or feet.
Too much insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart combination can cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Low blood sugar also can occur if you use insulin aspart with another antidiabetic medicine, delay or miss a meal or snack, exercise more than usual, drink alcohol, or cannot eat because of nausea or vomiting or have diarrhea. Low blood sugar must be treated before it causes you to pass out (unconsciousness). People feel different symptoms of low blood sugar. It is important that you learn which symptoms you usually have so you can treat it quickly. Talk to your doctor about the best way to treat low blood sugar.
If symptoms of low blood sugar occur, eat glucose tablets or gel to relieve the symptoms. Also, check your blood for low blood sugar. Go to a doctor or a hospital right away if the symptoms do not improve. Someone should call for emergency help immediately if severe symptoms such as convulsions (seizures) or unconsciousness occur. Have a glucagon kit available, along with a syringe and needle, and know how to use it. Members of your household also should know how to use it.
Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) may occur if you do not take enough or skip a dose of your medicine, overeat or do not follow your meal plan, have a fever or infection, or do not exercise as much as usual. High blood sugar can be very serious and must be treated right away. It is important that you learn which symptoms you have in order to treat it quickly. Talk to your doctor about the best way to treat high blood sugar.
Symptoms of high blood sugar include blurred vision, drowsiness, dry mouth, flushed, dry skin, fruit-like breath odor, increased urination, ketones in the urine, loss of appetite, stomachache, nausea, or vomiting, tiredness, troubled breathing (rapid and deep), unconsciousness, or unusual thirst. If these symptoms occur, check your blood sugar level and call your doctor for instructions.
insulin aspart protamine and insulin aspart Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:More common
- blurred vision
- burning, tingling, numbness or pain in the hands, arms, feet, or legs
- cold sweats
- cool, pale skin
- fast heartbeat
- increased hunger
- loss of consciousness
- sensation of pins and needles
- slurred speech
- stabbing pain
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
- change in vision
- chest tightness
- difficulty swallowing
- hives, itching, skin rash
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips or tongue
- rapid weight gain
- redistribution or accumulation of body fat
- thickening of the skin injection site
- unusual weight gain or loss
Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:Symptoms of overdose
- Decreased amount of urine
- dry mouth
- increased thirst
- irregular heartbeat
- loss of appetite
- mood changes
- muscle pain or cramps
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:Most common
- Back pain
- bleeding, blistering, burning, coldness, discoloration of the skin, feeling of pressure, hives, infection, inflammation, itching, lumps, numbness, pain, rash, redness, scarring, soreness, stinging, swelling, tenderness, tingling, ulceration, or warmth at the injection site
- body aches or pain
- bone pain
- difficulty in breathing
- dryness or soreness of throat
- ear congestion
- general feeling of discomfort or illness
- joint pain
- loss of voice
- nasal congestion
- runny nose
- stomach discomfort, upset, or pain
- stuffy nose
- tender, swollen glands in the neck
- trouble sleeping
- voice changes
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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