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Bempedoic acid and ezetimibe (Oral)

Commonly used brand name(s)

In the U.S.

  • Nexlizet

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Tablet

Therapeutic Class: Antihyperlipidemic

Pharmacologic Class: Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitor

Uses for bempedoic acid and ezetimibe

Bempedoic acid and ezetimibe combination is used together with diet and other cholesterol-lowering medicines (eg, statins) to treat patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) and patients with heart disease who need additional lowering of their bad cholesterol (LDL) levels.

Bempedoic acid and ezetimibe is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before using bempedoic acid and ezetimibe

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For bempedoic acid and ezetimibe, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to bempedoic acid and ezetimibe or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of bempedoic acid and ezetimibe combination in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of bempedoic acid and ezetimibe combination in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more sensitive to the effects of bempedoic acid and ezetimibe than younger adults.

Breastfeeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking bempedoic acid and ezetimibe, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using bempedoic acid and ezetimibe with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Bezafibrate
  • Ciprofibrate
  • Clofibrate
  • Gemfibrozil
  • Pravastatin
  • Simeprevir
  • Simvastatin

Using bempedoic acid and ezetimibe with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Cholestyramine
  • Colestipol
  • Cyclosporine
  • Fenofibrate
  • Fenofibric Acid

Interactions with food/tobacco/alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of bempedoic acid and ezetimibe. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Gout or
  • Muscle problems or
  • Tendon problems, or history of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Heart problems, including heart attack or
  • Patients with end-stage kidney disease receiving dialysis or
  • Stroke—Use has not been studied in patients with these conditions.
  • Liver disease, moderate or severe—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of the slower removal of the medicine from the body.

Proper use of bempedoic acid and ezetimibe

Take bempedoic acid and ezetimibe only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.

Bempedoic acid and ezetimibe comes with patient information insert. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

Take bempedoic acid and ezetimibe with or without food. Swallow the tablet whole. Do not cut, crush, or chew it.

Take bempedoic acid and ezetimibe at least 2 hours before or at least 4 hours after using bile acid sequestrants (eg, cholestyramine, colesevelam, colestipol).

Carefully follow your doctor's orders about any special diet.

Dosing

The dose of bempedoic acid and ezetimibe will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of bempedoic acid and ezetimibe. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH) and patients with heart disease who need additional lowering of their bad cholesterol (LDL) levels:
      • Adults—One tablet once a day together with a statin medicine. Each tablet contains 180 milligrams (mg) bempedoic acid and 10 mg ezetimibe.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed dose

If you miss a dose of bempedoic acid and ezetimibe, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions while using bempedoic acid and ezetimibe

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure bempedoic acid and ezetimibe is working properly. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Ezetimibe may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing or swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after using bempedoic acid and ezetimibe.

Bempedoic acid and ezetimibe may increase the uric acid levels in the blood (hyperuricemia), which can lead to gout. This can occur within 4 weeks of using bempedoic acid and ezetimibe. Check with your doctor right away if you have joint pain, stiffness, or swelling, lower back, side, or stomach pain, or swelling of the feet or lower legs.

Tendon problems, including swelling, inflammation, or rupture can occur in the shoulder (rotator cuff), upper arm (biceps tendon), or Achilles tendon at the back of the ankle, within days or months after starting treatment with bempedoic acid and ezetimibe combination. If you hear or feel a snap or pop, have bruising right after an injury, or are unable to move or put weight in an affected tendon area, check with your doctor right away. Avoid using and exercising the affected area.

Using bempedoic acid and ezetimibe together with simvastatin or pravastatin may increase your risk of developing muscle pain or weakness. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerns.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

Bempedoic acid and ezetimibe side effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Less common

  • Ankle, knee, or great toe joint pain
  • arm, back, or leg pain
  • bloody urine
  • body aches or pain
  • chills
  • cough
  • cough producing mucus
  • difficulty breathing
  • difficulty in moving
  • difficulty urinating
  • dizziness
  • ear congestion
  • fainting
  • fast or irregular heartbeat
  • fever
  • frequent urination
  • headache
  • joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
  • loss of voice
  • lower back, side, or stomach pain
  • muscle pain, spasm, or stiffness
  • pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones
  • pale skin
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • sneezing
  • sore throat
  • swelling of the feet or lower legs
  • tightness in the chest
  • troubled breathing with exertion
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • unusual tiredness or weakness

Rare

  • Bone pain

Incidence not known

  • Black, tarry stools
  • bleeding gums
  • blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
  • bloating
  • chills
  • constipation
  • dark urine
  • diarrhea
  • difficulty swallowing
  • gaseous stomach pain
  • hives, itching, skin rash
  • indigestion
  • large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or genitals
  • light-colored stools
  • loss of appetite
  • muscular tenderness, wasting, or weakness
  • pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
  • pinpoint red spots on the skin
  • puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • recurrent fever
  • red, irritated eyes
  • severe nausea or vomiting
  • sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
  • stomach fullness
  • upper right stomach pain
  • yellow eyes or skin

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Incidence not known

  • Burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
  • discouragement
  • feeling sad or empty
  • irritability
  • loss of interest or pleasure
  • trouble concentrating
  • trouble sleeping

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.