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Medications for Local Anesthesia

About Local Anesthesia:  Local anesthesia is medicine used to numb a small part of your body while you have a procedure or surgery. It is often used during minor surgery or procedures, such as a biopsy or dental care.

Drugs Used for Local Anesthesia

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rx / OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol Reviews Rating Popularity
bupivacaine C N 3 reviews
9.0

Generic name: bupivacaine systemic

Brand names:  Marcaine, Marcaine Spinal, Sensorcaine, Marcaine HCl, Sensorcaine-MPF, Sensorcaine-MPF Spinal …show all

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

lidocaine B N 4 reviews
5.0

Generic name: lidocaine topical

Brand names:  Lidocaine Viscous, AneCream, Xylocaine Topical, Aloe Vera Burn Relief Spray with Lidocaine, Anestacon, Apicaine-X, Bactine, CidalEaze, DermacinRx Lidotral´╗┐, DermacinRx Lido V Pak, Derma Numb, Eha Lotion, Glydo, Laryng-O-Jet Spray, LidaMantle, Lidopac, Lidopin, LidoRx, LidoRxKit, Lidotrans 5 Pak, Lidovex, Lidozion, Lidozol, LMX 4, LMX 5, LTA II Kit, Medi-Quik Spray, RadiaGuard, RectiCare, Regenecare HA Spray, Senatec, Solarcaine Burn Relief, Topicaine, Tranzarel, Xylocaine Jelly …show all

Drug class: topical anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

Marcaine C N 1 review
9.0

Generic name: bupivacaine systemic

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

mepivacaine C N 2 reviews
4.0

Generic name: mepivacaine systemic

Brand names:  Carbocaine, Isocaine, Polocaine, Polocaine-MPF, Scandonest Plain …show all

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

Novocain C N Add review Rate

Generic name: procaine systemic

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: Prescribing Information

cocaine C 2 Add review Rate

Generic name: cocaine topical

Brand names:  C-Topical Solution, Goprelto

Drug class: topical anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

lidocaine B N Add review Rate

Generic name: lidocaine ophthalmic

Brand name:  Akten

Drug class: ophthalmic anesthetics

For consumers: dosage,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts

Carbocaine C N Add review Rate

Generic name: mepivacaine systemic

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

articaine / epinephrine C N Add review Rate

Generic name: articaine / epinephrine systemic

Brand names:  Septocaine, Articadent, Zorcaine, Orabloc, Ultacan …show all

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Akten B N Add review Rate

Generic name: lidocaine ophthalmic

Drug class: ophthalmic anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

ropivacaine B N Add review
6.0

Generic name: ropivacaine systemic

Brand names:  Naropin, Naropin Polyamp, Naropin SDV

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

Septocaine C N Add review Rate

Generic name: articaine / epinephrine systemic

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

epinephrine / lidocaine B N Add review Rate

Generic name: epinephrine / lidocaine systemic

Brand names:  Xylocaine with Epinephrine, Xylocaine Dental, Lignospan, Lignospan Forte, Octocaine 100, Xylocaine-MPF-Epinephrine …show all

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

Marcaine Spinal C N Add review Rate

Generic name: bupivacaine systemic

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Nupercainal C N 1 review
10

Generic name: dibucaine topical

Drug class: topical anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph

Naropin B N Add review Rate

Generic name: ropivacaine systemic

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

tetracaine C N Add review Rate

Generic name: tetracaine topical

Brand name:  Pontocaine

Drug class: topical anesthetics

For consumers: interactions,

Articadent C N Add review Rate

Generic name: articaine / epinephrine systemic

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

dibucaine C N 1 review
10

Generic name: dibucaine topical

Brand name:  Nupercainal

Drug class: topical anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions,

For professionals: AHFS DI Monograph

Isocaine C N Add review Rate

Generic name: mepivacaine systemic

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Lidocaine Viscous B N Add review Rate

Generic name: lidocaine topical

Drug class: topical anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

chloroprocaine C N Add review Rate

Generic name: chloroprocaine systemic

Brand names:  Nesacaine, Clorotekal, Nesacaine-MPF

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: interactions,

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, Prescribing Information

Sensorcaine C N Add review Rate

Generic name: bupivacaine systemic

Drug class: local injectable anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Synera B N Add review Rate

Generic name: lidocaine / tetracaine topical

Drug class: topical anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

AneCream B N Add review Rate

Generic name: lidocaine topical

Drug class: topical anesthetics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

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Learn more about Local Anesthesia

Micromedex® Care Notes

Legend

Off Label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
Prescription Only / Over the Counter
Rx Prescription Only
OTC Over the Counter
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter
Pregnancy
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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