Vancomycin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
A vancomycin resistant staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) infection is caused by bacteria. These bacteria are resistant to the antibiotic medicine vancomycin. The infection can spread easily from person to person.
Return to the emergency department if:
- You have sudden trouble breathing.
- You have a fast heartbeat or chest pain.
- You feel so dizzy that you have trouble standing up.
- Your lips and fingernails are turning blue in color.
Call your doctor if:
- You have a fever.
- Your symptoms do not improve or are getting worse.
- You have chills, a cough, or feel weak and achy.
- You have a wound that is red, swollen, or draining pus.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
- Antibiotics help kill the bacteria that caused your VRSA infection.
- Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him of her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Preventing the spread of VRSA:
- Wash your hands often. Wash your hands several times each day. Wash after you use the bathroom, change a child's diaper, and before you prepare or eat food. Use soap and water every time. Rub your soapy hands together, lacing your fingers. Wash the front and back of your hands, and in between your fingers. Use the fingers of one hand to scrub under the fingernails of the other hand. Wash for at least 20 seconds. Rinse with warm, running water for several seconds. Then dry your hands with a clean towel or paper towel. Use hand sanitizer that contains alcohol if soap and water are not available. Do not touch your eyes, nose, or mouth without washing your hands first.
- Keep your wound clean and covered with a bandage until it is healed, or as directed.
- Do not share items. Do not share dishes, towels, or other items with anyone. Items need to be washed after you use them.
- Clean surfaces often. Use a disinfecting wipe, a single-use sponge, or a cloth you can wash and reuse. Use disinfecting cleaners if you do not have wipes. You can create a disinfecting cleaner by mixing 1 part bleach with 10 parts water. In the kitchen, clean countertops, cooking surfaces, and the fronts and insides of the microwave and refrigerator. In the bathroom, clean the toilet, the area around the toilet, the sink, the area around the sink, and faucets. Clean surfaces in the person's room, such as a desk or dresser.
- Wash contaminated laundry with hot water and soap in the washing machine. Dry them in a clothes dryer on the hot setting.
Follow up with your doctor as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.