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Suicide Prevention For Children And Adolescents
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Your child may see suicide as the only way to escape emotional or physical pain and suffering. You can help provide emotional support for him and get the help he needs. Learn to recognize warning signs that your child may be considering suicide. Find resources to help prevent him from attempting to take his life.
Call 911 for any of the following:
- Your child does something on purpose to hurt himself, such as cutting his wrists.
- Your child swallows medicines or other harmful substances, such as antifreeze.
Return to the emergency department if:
- Your child says he wants to commit suicide.
- Your child feels that he cannot stop himself from hurting himself or others.
- Your child has sudden mood changes, such as angry outbursts or despair.
Contact your child's therapist or healthcare provider if:
- You begin to see warning signs that your child may be considering suicide.
- Your child has changes in behavior when he starts on depression medicine or his dose is changed.
- Your child acts out in anger or has reckless behavior.
- Your child withdraws from friends or loved ones.
- You have questions or concerns about your child's condition or care.
What to do if you think your child is considering suicide:
Call 911 if you feel your child is at immediate risk of suicide, or if he talks about an active suicide plan. Assume that he intends to carry out his plan. Resources are available to help you and your child. The following are some things you can do:
- Call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255) .
- Call the Suicide Hotline at 1-800-SUICIDE (1-800-784-2433) .
- Contact your child's therapist. Your child's healthcare provider can give you a list of therapists if he does not have one.
- Keep medicines, weapons, and alcohol out of your child's reach. Do not leave your child alone. Stay with him if he says he wants to commit suicide or you think he may try it. Make sure you do not put yourself at risk if your child has a weapon.
- Do not be afraid to ask if he is thinking of ending his life. Ask if he has a plan for hurting or killing himself.
Warning signs to watch for:
Your child may injure himself in an attempt to feel better. These actions are often a sign that he needs help. Do not ignore injuries or any of the following warning signs:
- Talking about a plan for committing suicide
- Poor school performance, not turning in homework, or a struggle with subjects that were not difficult before
- Doing dangerous actions that could kill him
- Cuts or burns on your child's skin, or reckless driving
- Joking, reading, or writing about suicide, killing, or death
- Statements that he will not see you again or that soon he will not be a problem for you
- Sudden withdrawal from others or not doing things he usually enjoys
- Feeling sad every day, then suddenly being very happy and cheerful after a time of depression and sadness
- Changes in how he eats, sleeps, or dresses
- Weight gain or loss, less energy than usual, or trouble sleeping or spend a lot of time sleeping
may help your child feel well enough to continue with all of the treatment he needs. Tell your child that it make take several weeks before the medicine starts to help him feel better. Rarely, antidepressants can make a child more likely to act on his suicidal thoughts. This can happen during the first few months after he starts taking an antidepressant or changes the amount he takes. You will need to watch your child very closely for any such changes during the first 4 weeks he is taking it. Do not let your child stop taking this medicine unless directed. A sudden stop can be harmful.
Therapy or counseling
can help your child work through problems. Your child may receive therapy from school counselors, psychologists, psychiatrists, or others. Ask your healthcare provider for a list of mental health professionals or support groups that can help your child. He may recommend that your child be admitted to the hospital for his own safety.
What you can do to help your child:
Connections, support, and safety are all important in suicide prevention for children and adolescents. Do not make your child feel you are judging him or tell him that his suicide would be hard on you or others. Tell him you are here to support and help him. The following are ways you and others can help your child:
- Listen when your child wants to talk. Let him know that you take his feelings and thoughts very seriously. Help your child understand that he can talk to you, another parent, or a close friend about his feelings. He can also talk to a therapist, religious or youth leader, or school counselor. Give him time to respond. It may help to tell him about something similar that happened to you, and what you did. Stay positive and supportive.
- Help your child think of solutions to problems. Children and adolescents often think problems are permanent and may think suicide is a solution. You can help your child realize the problem has a better solution. For example, if your child is being bullied, work with officials to find a solution. Help your child understand what you are doing to help him be safe. Another example is that after a breakup, your adolescent may be afraid he will never feel better. He may worry that he will never have another relationship. Do not minimize his feelings or tell him it was just a crush. Assure him that he can feel better. One of the best skills you can teach your child is how to recover after something bad happens.
- Help your child make a list of things he hopes to do. Encourage him to make plans for what he is going to do for the next day, month, and year. Help him make goals for his life. Encourage him to start doing things to make his goals happen.
- Give your child the contact information for services that can help him. Talk to him about therapy and medicines available to help him. He may follow through with treatment if he feels he was included in the planning.
- Help your child spend time with family and friends. Get him involved with school events, a local community center, or activity groups. Connections can help him feel valued and loved.
- Help your child create healthy routines. Help your child make a bedtime schedule so he does not get too little or too much sleep. Encourage him to be active. It may help to start a routine such as a walk with the whole family after dinner. Healthy routines can help relieve depression. A walk may also be a good time for you to talk with your child about his feelings.
For support and more information:
- National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
New York , NY 10004
Phone: 1- 800 - 273-TALK (8255)
Web Address: http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org
- Suicide Awareness Voices of Education
8120 Penn Ave. S., Ste. 470
Bloomington , Minnesota 55431
Phone: 1- 952 - 946-7998
Web Address: http://www.save.org
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.