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Sialorrhea is drooling or excess saliva that you cannot control. It may be caused by weakness or loss of control of the face, tongue, mouth, or throat muscles that makes it difficult to swallow. It may also be caused by conditions that increase saliva production, such as gastric reflux or the use of certain medicines.



  • Medicines may be used to reduce the amount of saliva in your mouth. These include pills, inhalers, or patches.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Self-care for sialorrhea:

  • Attend therapy as directed by your healthcare provider or specialist. Therapists will help you strengthen your face and mouth muscles so you can control your saliva. They will also help you with your posture, and show you how to hold your head to prevent drooling.
  • Clean your mouth daily to help prevent infection. Saliva contains germs that can cause mouth infections. Brush your teeth twice a day, or ask your healthcare provider how to care for your mouth.
  • Use suction as needed to remove saliva from your mouth and prevent choking. Use the portable suction machine that you are given. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about suction.

Follow up with your healthcare provider or specialist as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Contact your healthcare provider if:

  • You continue to drool, even with treatment.
  • You have increased episodes of choking.
  • You have redness, pain, sores, or chapping in or around your mouth.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You choke or have trouble breathing.
  • You choke and cannot breathe.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.