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Rectal Exam Under Anesthesia (Eua)

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 6, 2023.

What do I need to know about a rectal EUA?

Rectal EUA is used to look for problems in your anus, rectum, or surrounding area. You may need a rectal EUA because of hemorrhoids, abnormal bleeding, a mass, or other problems. This exam helps your healthcare provider do a complete examination of your rectum. A biopsy may be taken if needed.

Abdominal Organs

How do I prepare for a rectal EUA?

  • Your healthcare provider will talk to you about how to prepare for the procedure. He or she may tell you not to eat or drink anything after midnight on the day of your procedure. Arrange for someone to drive you home when you are discharged.
  • Tell your provider about your current medicines. He or she will tell you if you need to stop any medicine for the procedure, and when to stop. He or she will tell you which medicines to take or not take on the day of your procedure. Arrange for someone to drive you home when you are discharged.
  • You will need to empty your bowels before the exam. Ask your healthcare provider for specific directions.

What will happen during a rectal EUA?

  • You may be given general anesthesia to keep you asleep and free from pain during the procedure. You may instead be given regional anesthesia to numb the area, or light sedation. With regional anesthesia, you may still feel pressure or pushing during the procedure, but you should not feel any pain.
  • Your healthcare provider may use a lubricated, gloved finger to check your anus. He or she may instead use a scope with a camera to examine your rectum and lower intestines.

What should I expect after a rectal EUA?

You may have slight bleeding for the first few days. This is normal. You will usually be able to go home the same day. You may be able to go back to work and your usual activities within a few days. Your healthcare provider will go over the results with you.

What are the risks of a rectal EUA?

You may bleed more than expected. You may have tissue damage in or around your anus or rectum.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

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