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Migraine Headache in Children

Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is a migraine headache?

A migraine is a severe headache. They are common in children. The pain can be so severe that it interferes with your child's daily activities. A migraine can last a few hours up to several days. The exact cause of migraines is not known. Migraine headaches often run in families.

What are the warning signs that a migraine headache is about to start?

What signs and symptoms may occur with a migraine headache?

What can trigger a migraine headache?

How is a migraine headache diagnosed?

Your child's healthcare provider will ask about your child's headaches. Have your child describe the pain and any other symptoms, such as nausea. Tell the provider if you think anything triggers the pain. The provider will also want to know if pain tends to start after your child eats or drinks anything. Tell the provider about any medical conditions your child has or that run in the family. Include any recent stressors that your child has had at home or school. Your child may also need any of the following:

How is a migraine headache treated?

Migraines cannot be cured, but symptoms can be relieved. The goal of treatment is to manage your child's symptoms.

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What can I do to manage my child's migraines?

How can I help my child prevent another migraine headache?

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) or have someone call if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my child's doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's healthcare providers to decide what care you want for your child. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.