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is inflammation of the bursa in your ankle. The bursa is a fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between a bone and a tendon. A tendon is a cord of strong tissue that connects muscles to bones.
Common signs and symptoms of ankle bursitis:
- Pain or tenderness in the back of your ankle
- Decreased movement or stiffness of your ankle
- Red, warm, swollen skin over your ankle or heel
Call your doctor if:
- Your pain and swelling increase.
- Your symptoms do not improve after 10 days of treatment.
- You have a fever.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
may include any of the following:
- NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your healthcare provider if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions.
- Antibiotics help prevent or fight a bacterial infection.
- A steroid injection helps decrease pain and swelling.
- Surgery may be needed to remove your bursa or part of your ankle bone. Surgery is only done when other treatments do not work.
Manage or prevent ankle bursitis:
- Wear shoe inserts as directed. Healthcare providers may give you shoe inserts with a cutout around the tender area. You may need to wear shoes with a reinforced heel counter (back of the shoe). This will give better heel control. You may need other shoe inserts, such as wedges, to raise your heel so it does not press against the back of the shoe.
- Rest your ankle as much as possible to decrease pain and swelling. Slowly start to do more each day. Return to your daily activities as directed.
- Apply ice on your ankle. Ice helps decrease swelling and pain. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover the bag with a towel before you place it on your ankle. Apply ice for 15 to 20 minutes, 3 to 4 times each day, or as directed.
- Apply heat on your ankle. Heat helps decrease pain and stiffness. Apply heat for 15 to 20 minutes, 3 to 4 times each day, or as directed.
- Go to physical therapy, if directed. A physical therapist teaches you exercises to help improve movement and strength, and to decrease pain.
- Always stretch and do warmup and cool-down exercises before and after you exercise. This will help loosen your muscles and decrease stress on your ankle. Rest between workouts.
- Wear shoes that fit properly and support your feet. You may need to wear shoe inserts called orthotics. Orthotics help position your foot correctly as you walk or exercise.
Follow up with your doctor as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
Learn more about Ankle Bursitis (Ambulatory Care)
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