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Zycortal Suspension (Canada)

This page contains information on Zycortal Suspension for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Zycortal Suspension Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Zycortal Suspension
  • Direction and dosage information for Zycortal Suspension

Zycortal Suspension

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: Dechra

Desoxycortone pivalate prolonged-release suspension for injection

25 mg/mL

STERILE

Veterinary Use Only

DIN 02453657

THERAPEUTIC CLASSIFICATION:

Mineralocorticoid.

Description

Chemically, desoxycorticosterone pivalate is:

21-(2,2-dimethyl-1-oxopropoxy)-pregn-4-ene-3,20-dione.

The structural formula is:

Molecular formula: C26H38O4

Active Ingredients

Each mL contains 25 mg desoxycortone pivalate, USP (equivalent to 19.9 mg/mL desoxycortone as base).

Preservative: Chlorocresol, 1 mg/mL.

Zycortal Suspension Indications

For use as replacement therapy for mineralocorticoid deficiency in dogs with primary hypoadrenocorticism (Addison’s disease).

Dosage and Administration

Prior to each use, thoroughly shake the vial to resuspend the product. Zycortal Suspension replaces the mineralocorticoid hormones only. Dogs with combined glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid deficiency should also be treated with an appropriate glucocorticoid.

Zycortal Suspension is intended for long term administration at intervals and dosages dependent upon individual patient response. Tailor the dose of Zycortal Suspension and the concurrently administered glucocorticoid replacement therapy to the individual animal based on clinical response and normalization of Na+ and K+ concentrations.

Initial dose: The initial dose is 2.2 mg/kg body weight administered by subcutaneous injection.

Interim monitoring visit: Re-evaluate the dog and measure the serum sodium/potassium (Na+/K+ ratio) approximately 10 days after the first dose, which is the time to maximum concentration (Tmax) of desoxycorticosterone (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY). If the dog’s clinical signs have worsened or not resolved, adjust the dose of glucocorticoid and/or investigate other causes of the clinical signs.

Second dose of Zycortal Suspension: At approximately 25 days after the first dose, re-evaluate the dog and repeat the Na+/K+ ratio.

- If the dog is clinically normal and has a normal Na+/K+ ratio on Day 25, adjust the dose based on the Day 10 Na+/K+ ratio using the guidelines in Table 1, below.

- If the dog is both clinically normal and has a Na+/K+ ratio > 32 on Day 25, either adjust the dose based on the Day 10 Na+/K+ ratio according to Table 1 or delay the dose (see Prolonging the dosing interval).

- If the dog is either not clinically normal or if the Na+/K+ ratio is abnormal on Day 25, adjust the dose of glucocorticoid or Zycortal Suspension (see Subsequent doses and long term management).

Table 1: Day 25: Administering the second dose of Zycortal Suspension

If the Day 10 Na+/K+ ratio is:

Do not administer Dose 2 on Day 10

25 days after the first dose, administer Zycortal Suspension, as follows:

≥ 34

Decrease dose to: 2.0 mg/kg

32 to < 34

Decrease dose to: 2.1 mg/kg

27 to 32

Continue 2.2 mg/kg

≥ 24 to < 27

Increase dose to: 2.3 mg/kg

< 24

Increase dose to: 2.4 mg/kg

Prolonging the dosing interval: If the dog is clinically normal and the Day 25 Na+/K+ ratio is > 32, it is possible to prolong the dosing interval instead of adjusting the dose as described in Table 1. Evaluate the electrolytes every 3-7 days until the Na+/K+ ratio is < 32, and then administer 2.2 mg/kg of Zycortal Suspension.

Subsequent doses and long term management: For subsequent doses, use the following guidelines if the dog is not clinically normal and/or has abnormal Na+ or K+ concentrations:

- Clinical signs of polyuria/polydipsia: Decrease the glucocorticoid dose first. If the polyuria/polydipsia persists, then decrease the dose of Zycortal Suspension without changing the dosing interval.

- Clinical signs of depression, lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea or weakness: Increase glucocorticoid dose.

- Hyperkalemia, hyponatremia or Na+/K+ ratio < 27: Decrease the Zycortal Suspension dosing interval by 2-3 days.

- Hypokalemia or hypernatremia: Decrease the Zycortal Suspension dose.

Prior to a stressful situation, consider temporarily increasing the dose of replacement glucocorticoid.

Contraindications

Do not use Zycortal Suspension in dogs that have previously had a hypersensitivity reaction to desoxycorticosterone pivalate.

CAUTIONS:

Any dog presenting with severe hypovolemia, dehydration, pre-renal azotemia and inadequate tissue perfusion (“Addisonian crisis”) must be rehydrated with intravenous fluid (saline) therapy before starting treatment with Zycortal Suspension.

Avoid inadvertent intravenous injection which may have an adverse effect on the dog. The effectiveness of Zycortal Suspension may be reduced if potassium-sparing diuretics, such as spironolactone, are administered concurrently.

Use Zycortal Suspension with caution in dogs with congestive heart disease, edema, severe renal disease or primary hepatic failure. Desoxycorticosterone pivalate may cause polyuria, polydipsia, increased blood volume, edema and cardiac enlargement. Excessive weight gain may indicate fluid retention secondary to sodium retention.

The safety of desoxycorticosterone pivalate has not been established in breeding, pregnant and lactating dogs and dogs less than 6 months of age.

Warnings

Keep out of reach of children.

Adverse Reactions

One hundred fifty-two dogs were included in the field safety analysis. Adverse reactions are summarized in Table 2.

Table 2: Percentage of dogs with adverse reactions in the field study

Adverse reaction

Zycortal Suspension
(n = 113 dogs)

Active control
(n = 39 dogs)

Polyuria

15.0% (17)

12.8% (5)

Polydipsia

13.3% (15)

15.4% (6)

Depression/lethargy

9.7% (11)

2.6% (1)

Inappropriate urination

8.0% (9)

10.3% (4)

Alopecia

5.3% (6)

5.1% (2)

Decreased appetite/anorexia

4.4% (5)

2.6% (1)

Panting

3.5% (4)

0

Vomiting

3.5% (4)

0

Diarrhea

2.7% (3)

7.7% (3)

Shaking/trembling

2.7% (3)

2.6% (1)

Polyphagia

1.8% (2)

2.6% (1)

Urinary tract infection

1.8% (2)

0

Urinary incontinence

0.9% (1)

2.6% (1)

Restlessness

0.9% (1)

2.6% (1)

Urticaria/facial edema

0

5.1% (2)

One dog with a pre-existing Grade III/VI murmur developed congestive heart failure 17 days after the first administration of Zycortal Suspension and was removed from the study.

In addition to the adverse reactions reported during the field study, post-approval adverse drug experience reporting for desoxycorticosterone pivalate suspension for injection included reports of anaphylaxis and anemia.

To report suspected adverse drug reactions, contact Dechra at (855) 332-9334.

Clinical Pharmacology

Desoxycorticosterone is a corticosteroid with primarily mineralocorticoid activity, similar to aldosterone. In the kidney, desoxycorticosterone causes sodium and chloride ion retention, and hydrogen and potassium ion excretion, creating an osmotic gradient that promotes water absorption from the renal tubules. This increases extracellular fluid volume, leading to blood volume expansion, improved venous return to the heart, and increased cardiac output.

After subcutaneous administration of 11 mg/kg body weight (five times the labeled starting/initial dose of 2.2 mg/kg) of Zycortal Suspension, the plasma half-life (mean ± standard deviation) is approximately 17 ± 7 days, with a maximum concentration (Cmax) of 13.2 ± 5 ng/mL, and time to maximum concentration (Tmax) of 10 ± 3.5 days.

Effectiveness

A double-blinded, multi-site, 180-day field study evaluated the effectiveness of Zycortal Suspension compared to an FDA-approved desoxycorticosterone pivalate active control. One hundred fifty-two (152) dogs of various breeds, 0.5-12.4 years of age and weighing 2.1-134.6 lbs (0.95-61.2 kg) were enrolled. One hundred thirteen (113) dogs were treated with Zycortal Suspension and 39 dogs were treated with the active control. Both groups were administered an initial dose of 2.2 mg/kg. Subsequent doses administered and/or frequency of administration were adjusted according to the clinical needs of the dog.

A dog was considered a treatment success if it remained clinically normal or had improved clinical signs compared to baseline and the Na+ and K+ concentrations were within the reference range of the analyzer, or the Na+/K+ ratio was between 27-32. Success rates for Zycortal Suspension and active control on Day 90 were 86.2% and 85.1% respectively.

The mean final dose for Zycortal Suspension was 1.9 ± 0.27 mg/kg (range 1.2-2.5 mg/kg) and the mean final dose interval was 38.5 ± 12.5 days (range 20-99 days) with the majority of dogs having a dosing interval between 20 and 46 days.

ANIMAL SAFETY:

In a laboratory study, Zycortal Suspension was administered via subcutaneous injection to 32 Beagle dogs at doses of 0, 1, 3 and 5 times the labeled starting dose (1X = 2.2 mg/kg), once every 21 days for 6 months, for a total of 9 injections. The volume injected in 3X and 5X dogs was equally divided between three and five sites, respectively. Dogs in the 1X Group were dosed at a single injection site. Control dogs (0X) received subcutaneous injections of 0.9% sodium chloride at a volume equivalent to the 5X dose.

The most frequently noted abnormal clinical observations were injection site reactions in treated dogs, characterized by erythema and edema. Clinical pathology findings considered related to Zycortal Suspension treatment included: decreased mean corpuscular volume in 3X and 5X groups; increased globulin concentrations in all treated groups; decreased potassium concentrations in all treated groups; increased sodium concentrations in all treated groups; decreased chloride concentrations in the 3X group; decreased blood urea nitrogen concentrations in all treated groups; and decreased urine specific gravity concentrations in all treated groups. Gross necropsy findings considered treatment-related included: subcapsular and cortical renal cysts, corresponding histologically with vascular tunica media hyperplasia; and irregular white plaques in the injection site subcutaneous tissue, corresponding histologically with granulomatous inflammation. Additional histology findings considered treatment-related included: chronic inflammation of the renal cortices, cortical tubular basophilia, cortical tubular dilation, glomerulopathy (3X and 5X groups), and adrenal gland vacuolation (zona glomerulosa).

Storage

Store between 15-30°C. Do not freeze.

Use within 120 days of first puncture.

PRESENTATION:

Zycortal Suspension is supplied as a 4 mL multi-dose vial.

® 2016 Dechra Ltd.

Zycortal is a registered trademark of Dechra Ltd. All rights reserved.

Dechra Ltd., Staffordshire, ST7 1XW, United Kingdom

Imported and distributed by: Dechra Veterinary Products Inc., 1 Holiday Avenue, East Tower, Suite 345, Pointe-Claire, Québec, Canada H9R 5N3

F1345

CPN: 1786030.0

DECHRA VETERINARY PRODUCTS INC.
1 HOLIDAY AVE., EAST TOWER SUITE 345, POINT-CLAIRE, QC, H9R 5N3
Toll-Free:   855-332-9334
Technical Service:   855-332-9334
Website:   www.dechra.ca
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Zycortal Suspension information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the Canadian product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2016 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2016-10-31

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