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Rompun 20 mg/mL Injectable (Canada)

This page contains information on Rompun 20 mg/mL Injectable for veterinary use.
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  • Rompun 20 mg/mL Injectable Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Rompun 20 mg/mL Injectable
  • Direction and dosage information for Rompun 20 mg/mL Injectable

Rompun 20 mg/mL Injectable

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: Bayer

(xylazine sterile injection)

20 mg/mL

Sedative and Analgesic

For Use In Dogs, Cats and Cattle

VETERINARY USE ONLY

DIN 02169592

Description

Rompun® (xylazine) is supplied in 20 mL multiple-dose vials as a sterile solution.

Each mL contains 20 mg Rompun® (xylazine base equivalent), 0.9 mg methylparaben, 0.1 mg propylparaben, sterile water; citric acid and sodium citrate for pH adjustment to 5.5 ± 0.3.

Active Ingredients

xylazine 2(2,6-Dimethylphenylamino)-4H-5,6-dihydro-1,3 thiazine hydrochloride

(equivalent to 2% base)

2.3%

Inert Ingredients:

97.7%

Total:

100%

Rompun 20 mg/mL Injectable Indications

Dogs and Cats:

Rompun® should be used in dogs and cats when it is desirable to produce a state of sedation accompanied by a shorter period of analgesia. Rompun® has been used successfully as follows:

1. Diagnostic procedures - examination of the mouth and ears, abdominal palpation, rectal palpation, vaginal examination, catheterization of the bladder and radiographic examinations.

2. Orthopedic procedures, such as application of casting materials and splints.

3. Dental procedures.

4. Minor surgical procedures of short duration such as debridement, removal of cutaneous neoplasms and suturing of lacerations.

5. To calm and facilitate handling of fractious animals.

6. Therapeutic medication for sedation and relief of pain following injury or surgery.

7. Major surgical procedures:

a. When used as a preanesthetic to general anesthesia.

b. When used in conjunction with local anesthetics.

Cattle:

Rompun® is indicated in cattle to produce a state of sedation accompanied by a shorter period of analgesia. It has been used successfully as follows:

1. Diagnostic procedures - oral, vaginal and rectal examinations, as an aid in the collection of biopsies or blood samples and radiographic examinations.

2. Orthopedic procedures, such as application of casting materials and splints.

3. Dental procedures.

4. Minor surgical procedures of short duration such as debridement of wounds, dehorning, castration and suturing of skin lacerations.

5. Major surgical procedures when used in conjunction with local and epidural anesthetics - suturing of lacerations of the teat and udder, surgery of the penis and sheath, caesarean sections, hernia repairs, digital amputations and eye enucleations.

6. Hoof trimming and handling of fractious animals.

Dosage and Administration

Dogs and Cats:

1. Intravenously - 0.5 mL/9 kg body weight (1.1 mg/kg or 0.5 mg/lb)

Intramuscularly or subcutaneously - 1.0 mL/9 kg body weight (2.2 mg/kg or 1.0 mg/lb). In large dogs (over 22.7 kg/50 lbs.) a dosage of 1.1 mg/kg (0.5 mg/lb) administered intramuscularly may provide sufficient sedation and/or analgesia for most procedures.

Since vomiting may occur (see ADVERSE REACTIONS), fasting for 6-24 hours prior to the use of Rompun® may reduce the incidence; the I.V. route results in the least vomiting.

Following injection of Rompun®, the animal should be allowed to rest quietly until the full effect has been reached.

These dosages produce sedation which is usually maintained for 1 to 2 hours and analgesia which lasts for 15 to 30 minutes.

2. Preanesthetic to Local Anesthesia: Rompun® at the recommended dosages can be used in conjunction with local anesthetics such as procaine or lidocaine.

3. Preanesthetic to General Anesthesia:

Rompun®, at the recommended dosage rates, produces an additive effect to central nervous system depressants such as pentobarbital sodium, thiopental sodium and thiamylal sodium. Therefore, the dosage of such compounds should be reduced and administered to the desired effect. In general, only 1/3 to 1/2 of the calculated dosage of the barbiturates will be needed to produce a surgical plane of anesthesia. Post anesthetic or emergence excitement has not been observed in animals preanesthetized with Rompun®.

Rompun® has been used successfully as a preanesthetic agent for pentobarbital sodium, thiopental sodium, thiamylal sodium, nitrous oxide, ether, halothane, and methoxyflurane anesthesia.

Cattle:

Intramuscularly - Range of 0.25 to 0.75 mL/45 kg body weight (Equivalent to 0.11 to 0.33 mg/kg or 0.05 to 0.15 mg/lb).

Ruminants are more sensitive to Rompun® than are other species in which the drug is indicated, and thus a much smaller dose is required per unit body weight to produce the desired effect.

The dosage of Rompun® in the bovine species needed to achieve the desired effect varies between animals, depending largely upon the temperament of the individual animal. Quieter or more docile cattle will require a smaller dose to achieve the same effect. Rompun® will often make the animal recumbent especially at the higher dose rates. Following injection of Rompun® the animal should be allowed to rest quietly until the full effect has been reached.

Within the recommended dosage range, a range of side effects can be achieved depending on the dose given. Low doses of Rompun® produce a sedation and limited dermal analgesia while larger doses produce sedation, muscle relaxation and analgesia along with a sleep like state. This sleep like state, in conjunction with the sedation, analgesia and muscle relaxation described, produce recumbency and a true anaesthesia like condition under which many procedures may be carried out with or without local anesthesia. Even high doses will not eliminate pain in the claws and lower limbs.

After intramuscular injection of Rompun® the onset of sedation and analgesia follows in less than 10 minutes along with some incoordination. The duration of sedation and analgesia along with the ability to stand depends on the dose given. Duration of sedation and analgesia will vary from 30 minutes with low doses to 2 to 3 hours with higher doses.

Within the recommended dosage range Rompun® can be used in conjunction with local anesthetics such as procaine and lidocaine. Many procedures may be carried out using Rompun alone especially at the higher dose rate.

Contraindications

Dogs and Cats:

Rompun® is not recommended for use in pregnant cats.

Do not use Rompun® in conjunction with tranquilizers.

Cattle:

Do not use in pregnant animals as studies have not been completed to show its safety in all stages of pregnancy. Premature parturition and retained placenta have been reported in a limited number of cases where Rompun® was administered during the last trimester of pregnancy.

Do not use Rompun® in conjunction with tranquilizers.

CAUTIONS:

Dogs and Cats:

Until more definitive studies are completed, Rompun® is not recommended for use in pregnant cats.

Careful consideration should be given before administering to dogs or cats with significantly depressed respiration, severe pathologic heart disease, advanced liver or kidney disease, severe endotoxic or traumatic shock.

Since an additive effect results from the use of Rompun® and the barbiturate compounds, it should be used with caution with these central nervous system depressants. Products known to produce respiratory depression or apnea, such as thiamylal sodium, should be given at a reduced dosage and, when injected intravenously, should be administered SLOWLY.

When intravenous administration is desired, avoid perivascular injection in order to achieve the desired effect. Studies have shown negligible evidence of tissue irritation, however, following perivascular injection of Rompun®.

Following the use of Rompun®, veterinarians and attendants should continue to use care and appropriate animal handling techniques, since conscious animals, although sedated, are arousable and capable of inflicting personal injury. Bradycardia and an arrhythmia in the form of incomplete atrioventricular block have been reported following Rompun® administration. Although clinically the importance of this effect is questioned, a standard dose of atropine given prior to or following Rompun® will greatly decrease the incidence.

Cattle:

Careful consideration should be given before administering to cattle with significantly depressed respiration, severe pathologic heart disease, advanced liver or kidney disease, severe endotoxic or traumatic shock.

Special precautions should be taken when administering during warm environmental conditions as HYPERTHERMIA may occur. Proper aftercare must be provided in those cases. Always provide cool shade during the recovery period.

Lateral recumbency is to be avoided during recovery due to increasing the possibilities of bloat, regurgitation and/or aspiration. Sternal recumbency is the appropriate recovery position. A 24-hour fast prior to injection will also reduce the incidence of bloat.

Following the use of Rompun®, veterinarians and attendants should continue to use care and appropriate animal handing techniques, since conscious animals, although sedated, are capable of inflicting personal injury.

Warnings

TREATED CATTLE MUST NOT BE SLAUGHTERED FOR USE IN FOOD FOR AT LEAST 3 DAYS AFTER THE LATEST TREATMENT WITH THIS DRUG. MILK TAKEN FROM TREATED ANIMALS DURING TREATMENT AND WITHIN 48 HOURS AFTER THE LATEST TREATMENT MUST NOT BE USED AS FOOD. This drug is for use in Dogs, Cats and Cattle only.

Keep out of reach of children. Do not eat, drink or smoke while handling the veterinary drug product. Avoid skin and eye contact. For veterinary use only.

Xylazine is an alpha2-adrenergic agonist with sedative, some analgesic and muscle relaxant properties. Symptoms after absorption may include dose-dependent respiratory depression, bradycardia, hypotension, a dry mouth, and hyperglycemia. Ventricular arrhythmias have also been reported.

Strictly avoid self-injection, oral intake and any contact with skin, eyes or mucosa. In the case of accidental contact, wash exposed skin or eyes abundantly with water. If symptoms occur, seek medical advice. In the case of accidental oral intake or self-injection, seek the advice of a physician and show the package insert but DO NOT DRIVE.

If pregnant women handle the product, special caution should be observed not to self-inject as uterine contractions and decreased fetal blood pressure may occur after accidental systemic exposure.

Dispose the unused drug or waste materials in accordance with the Provincial/Municipal guidelines.

Adverse Reactions

Dogs and Cats:

Emesis occurs occasionally in dogs and frequently in cats, soon after the administration of Rompun®. When observed, emesis usually occurs only a single time, after which there is no further emetic effect.

The use of antiemetics may delay this phenomenon.

The occurrence of emesis may be considered a desirable effect when Rompun® is administered as a preanesthetic to general anesthesia.

Rompun® used at recommended dosage levels may occasionally cause slight muscle tremors, bradycardia with partial A-V heart block and a reduced respiratory rate. Should excessive respiratory depression occur following the Rompun®, administer respiratory stimulants and provide artificial respiration.

Movement in response to sharp auditory stimuli may be observed.

Increased urination may occur in cats following the use of Rompun®.

Cattle:

Rompun® used at recommended dosage levels may occasionally cause slight muscle tremors, bradycardia and a reduced respiratory rate. Temporary salivation, diuresis and ruminal stasis may be observed during the period of sedation. A transient, self-limiting diarrhea may occur 24 to 48 hours following administration.

SAFETY:

Cattle:

Rompun® has been tolerated in cattle at 10 times the recommended dose. However, doses of this magnitude produced muscle tremors and long periods of sedation with careful surveillance necessary during the recovery period.

Pharmacology

Rompun® is a potent sedative and analgesic as well as muscle relaxant. Its sedative and analgesic activity is related to central nervous system depression. Its muscle-relaxant effect is based on inhibition of the intraneural transmission of impulses in the central nervous system. The principal pharmacological activities develop within 10 to 15 minutes after intramuscular injection and within 3 to 5 minutes following intravenous administration.

A sleeplike state, the depth of which is dose-dependent, is usually maintained for 1 to 2 hours, while analgesia lasts from 15 to 30 minutes. The centrally-acting muscle relaxant effect causes relaxation of the skeletal musculature, complementing sedation and analgesia.

In animals under the influence of Rompun®, the respiratory rate is reduced as in natural sleep. Following treatment with Rompun®, the heart rate is decreased and a transient change in the conductivity of the cardiac muscle may occur, as evidenced by a partial atrioventricular block. This resembles the atrioventricular block often observed in normal animals. Intravenous administration of Rompun® causes a transient rise in blood pressure, followed by a slight decrease.

Rompun® has no effect on blood clotting time or other hematologic parameters. In limited tests, Rompun® has been tolerated in dogs and cats at 10 times the recommended dose. However, doses of this magnitude produce muscle tremors, emesis and long periods of sedation.

Storage

Do not store below 4°C or above 30°C.

® TM see www.bayer.ca/tm-mc

Bayer Inc., 2920 Matheson Blvd East, Mississauga (Ontario) L4W 5R6

85219014

Bayer Revised: September 9, 2015 Version: 4

CPN: 1223025.3

BAYER
Animal Health

2920 MATHESON BOULEVARD EAST, MISSISSAUGA, ON, L4W 5R6
Telephone:   905-282-5550 or 800-62BAYER (800-622-2937)
Technical Service:   888-663-5326
Technical Services Email:   vetservicescanada@bayer.com
Order Desk:   800-387-9179
Order Desk Fax:   800-361-3306
Fax:   905-282-5725
Website:   www.animalhealth.bayer.ca
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Rompun 20 mg/mL Injectable information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the Canadian product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2017 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2017-02-06

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