Orbenin-DCThis page contains information on Orbenin-DC for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
- Orbenin-DC Indications
- Warnings and cautions for Orbenin-DC
- Direction and dosage information for Orbenin-DC
Orbenin-DCThis treatment applies to the following species:
LONG ACTING FORMULA
Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.
Orbenin-DC (benzathine cloxacillin) is a stable, nonirritating suspension of benzathine cloxacillin containing the equivalent of 500 mg of cloxacillin per disposable syringe. Orbenin-DC is manufactured by a nonsterilizing process.
Benzathine cloxacillin is a semisynthetic penicillin derived from the penicillin nucleus, 6-amino-penicillanic acid. Benzathine cloxacillin is the benzathine salt of 6-[3-(2-chlorophenyl)-5-methylisoxazolyl-4-carboxamido] penicillanic acid.
The low solubility of Orbenin-DC results in an extended period of activity. Therefore, directions for use should be followed explicitly.
ACTION: Benzathine cloxacillin is bactericidal in action against susceptible organisms during the stage of active multiplication. It acts through the inhibition of biosynthesis of cell wall mucopeptide. It is active against gram-positive organisms associated with mastitis such as Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae and, because of its resistance to penicillinase, penicillin G-resistant staphylococci which may be the cause of mastitis.
Appropriate laboratory tests should be conducted, including in vitro culturing and susceptibility tests on pretreatment milk samples collected aseptically.
SUSCEPTIBILITY TEST: The Kirby-Bauer* procedure, utilizing antibiotic susceptibility disks, is a quantitative method that may be adapted to determining the sensitivity of bacteria in milk to Orbenin-DC.
For testing the effectiveness of Orbenin-DC in milk, follow the Kirby-Bauer procedure using the 1 mcg oxacillin susceptibility disk. Zone diameters for interpreting susceptibility are:
≤ 10 mm
≥ 13 mm
* Bauer AW, Kirby WMM, Sherris JC, et al: Antibiotic testing by a standardized single disk method, Am J Clin Path 45:493, 1966. Standardized Disk Susceptibility Test, Federal Register 37:20527-29, 1972.
Orbenin-DC is indicated in the treatment and prophylaxis of bovine mastitis in nonlactating cows due to Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae.
Because benzathine cloxacillin is relatively insoluble, Orbenin-DC’s activity will be prolonged. Therefore, Orbenin-DC should not be used for the occasional cow which may have a dry period of less than 4 weeks. This precaution will avoid residues in the milk following removal of the colostrum.
WarningsFor use in dry cows only. Do not use within 4 weeks (28 days) of calving. Treated animals must not be slaughtered for food purposes within 4 weeks (28 days) of treatment.
PRECAUTION: Because it is a derivative of 6-amino-penicillanic acid, Orbenin-DC has the potential for producing allergic reactions. Such reactions are rare; however, should they occur, the subject should be treated with the usual agents (antihistamines, pressor amines).
Dosage and AdministrationAt the last milking of lactation, milk the cow out normally. Clean and disinfect the teats with alcohol swabs provided in the carton, and infuse 1 syringe of Orbenin-DC, which has been warmed to room temperature, into each quarter. Do not milk out. The cow may be milked as usual when she calves.
The extent of subclinical and latent mastitis in a herd is frequently greater than suspected. In untreated herds a significant buildup of subclinical mastitis may occur during the dry period, which results in clinical severity after a few lactations. The adverse influence of subclinical mastitis on milk yield, the risk of cross-infection, and the chance of clinical mastitis flare-up make it necessary to treat the matter as a herd problem. Clinical studies have proven the value of treating all the cows in heavily infected herds as they are dried off. When the herd infection has been reduced, it may be desirable to be more selective in treating infected quarters.
Each carton contains 12 alcohol swabs to facilitate proper cleaning and disinfecting of the teat orifice.
How SuppliedOrbenin-DC is supplied in cartons of 12 single-dose syringes with 12 alcohol swabs. Each disposable syringe contains 500 mg of cloxacillin as the benzathine salt in 7.5 g of suitable base.
Do Not Store Above 24°C (75°F)
Orbenin-DC® is a trademark owned by and used under license from SmithKline Beecham.
NADA #55-069, Approved by FDA
Manufactured by: G.C. Hanford Mfg. Co., Syracuse, NY 13201
© 2015 Intervet Inc., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc., Madison, NJ 07940, USA.
All rights reserved.
NAC No.: 1047235.3
2 GIRALDA FARMS, MADISON, NJ, 07940
|Technical Service (Companion Animal):||800-224-5318|
|Technical Service (Livestock):||800-211-3573|
|Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Orbenin-DC information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.|
Copyright © 2016 North American Compendiums. Updated: 2016-09-30