Lidocaine Hydrochloride 2% with Epinephrine 1:100,000 (Canada)This page contains information on Lidocaine Hydrochloride 2% with Epinephrine 1:100,000 for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
- Lidocaine Hydrochloride 2% with Epinephrine 1:100,000 Indications
- Warnings and cautions for Lidocaine Hydrochloride 2% with Epinephrine 1:100,000
- Direction and dosage information for Lidocaine Hydrochloride 2% with Epinephrine 1:100,000
Lidocaine Hydrochloride 2% with Epinephrine 1:100,000This treatment applies to the following species:
A sterile solution of lidocaine hydrochloride. Each mL contains:
Actions: Lidocaine Hydrochloride is a potent local anesthetic. Lidocaine provides more intensive and more extensive anesthesia than procaine. The addition of epinephrine prolongs the action and decreases the toxicity by slowing systemic absorption. The onset of mucosal anesthesia appears in about minutes and the affect persists for 30 minutes or more.
Do not inject this product into an area where there is sepsis. Lidocaine is contraindicated in the presence of severe shock, heart block, neurologic disease, spinal deformities, septicemia, and severe hypertension or hypotension. Topical administration is to be avoided on severely traumatized mucosal areas.
PrecautionsOverdosage may cause nausea and vomiting, excitement, twitching, convulsions, hypotension or hypertension. In anaphylactic reactions, administer epinephrine. In severe CNS depression, give stimulants and begin artificial respiration if needed. For hypotension, administer vasopressors and support respiration. If hyperexcitability and convulsions occur, give short-acting barbiturates intravenously.
Indications & Dosage: When Lidocaine Hydrochloride is used for infiltration anesthesia, as small a volume as possible should be used. The anesthetic should be injected into the skin and deeper tissues but not at the site of the operation because of the possible delay in healing.
Infiltration Anesthesia - 2 to 50 mL subcutaneously or intramuscularly. For suturing wounds, minor surgery and therapeutic cautery.
Regional Nerve Blocks:
Infra-orbital Nerve Block - 8 to 12 mL. For surgery of the upper lips and nostrils, trephining of the maxillary sinuses and extracting upper incisor and cheek teeth.
Median and Ulnar Nerve Block - 15 to 20 mL. For surgery distal to the carpus and for diagnosis of lameness.
Volar and Plantar Nerve Block - 5 to 10 mL. For surgery of the extremities of the feet and the diagnosis of lameness.
Posterior Digital Nerve Block - 3 to 5 mL. For diagnosis of navicular disease.
Epidural Block (Standing Animal) - 4 to 10 mL. For surgery of the tail, anus, and rectum, vulva and vagina and perineum. Anesthesia of the hind legs and lower abdomen can also be achieved with larger epidural injections. For such operations the animal must be cast.
Infiltration Anesthesia - 5 to 100 mL subcutaneously or intramuscularly. For major surgery and suturing wounds.
Regional Nerve Blocks:
Cornual Nerve Block - 10 to 15 mL for dehorning of bulls.
Epidural Block (Standing Animal) - 4 to 8 mL. For surgery of the tail, anus, rectum, vulva and vagina and perineum; relaxation of the penis; counteracting excessive straining during replacement of the prolapsed uterus or vagina; removal of urethral calculi in feedlot steers.
Paravertebral Block - 50 to 80 mL for laparotomy.
Calves & Sheep:
Epidural Block - 3 to 10 mL
Infiltration Anesthesia - 60 to 80 mL for laparotomy
Local infiltration for minor surgery and suturing wounds - 2 to 10 mL
Tail amputation - 0.5 to 5 mL
Local subcutaneous infiltration for minor surgery - 0.5 to 4 mL
Milk taken from treated animals within 96 hours after the last treatment with this drug must not be used in food. Treated animals must not be slaughtered for use in food for at least five (5) days after the last treatment with this drug.
Presentation: 100 mL & 250 mL sterile, multiple dose vial.
PROFESSIONAL VETERINARY LABORATORIES, WINNIPEG, MANITOBA, CANADA
1199 SANFORD STREET, WINNIPEG, MB, R3E 3A1
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