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Ketofen

This page contains information on Ketofen for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • Ketofen Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for Ketofen
  • Direction and dosage information for Ketofen

Ketofen

This treatment applies to the following species:
Company: Zoetis

(ketoprofen)

Injectable Solution, 100 mg/mL

For intravenous use in horses.

Ketofen Caution

Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Description

Ketoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent of the propionic acid class that includes ibuprofen, naproxen and fenoprofen. Active Ingredient: Each mL contains 100 mg ketoprofen/mL of aqueous solution. Inactive Ingredients: 70 mg L-Arginine/mL; citric acid (to adjust pH); benzyl alcohol, 0.025 g (as preservative).

It is packaged in a multiple dose bottle.

Ketofen Indication

KETOFEN® (ketoprofen) is recommended for the alleviation of inflammation and pain associated with musculoskeletal disorders in the horse.

Ketofen Dosage And Administration

The recommended dosage is 1 mg/lb (1 mL/100 lbs) of body weight administered intravenously once daily. Treatment may be repeated for up to five days. Onset of activity is within two hours with peak response by 12 hours.

Use contents within 4 months of first vial puncture.

Contraindications

There are no known contraindications to this drug when used as directed.

Intra-arterial injection should be avoided.

Do not use in a horse if it has previously shown hypersensitivity to ketoprofen.

User Safety Warnings

Not for human use. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.

The Safety Data Sheet (SDS) provides more detailed occupational safety information. To obtain a Safety Data Sheet contact Zoetis Inc. at 1-888-963-8471.

Other Warnings

Do not use in horses intended for human consumption.

Precautions

As a class, cyclo-oxygenase inhibitory NSAIDs may be associated with gastrointestinal, renal, and hepatic toxicity. Sensitivity to drug-associated adverse events varies with the individual patient. Consider stopping therapy if adverse reactions, such as prolonged inappetence or abnormal feces, could be attributed to gastrointestinal toxicity. Patients at greatest risk for adverse events are those that are dehydrated, on diuretic therapy, or those with existing renal, cardiovascular, and/or hepatic dysfunction. Concurrent administration of potentially nephrotoxic drugs should be carefully approached. Since many NSAIDs possess the potential to produce gastrointestinal ulcerations and/or gastrointestinal perforation, concomitant use of ketoprofen with other anti-inflammatory drugs, such as NSAIDs or corticosteroids, should be avoided or closely monitored.

Studies to determine activity of KETOFEN when administered concomitantly with other drugs have not been conducted. Drug compatibility should be monitored closely in patients requiring adjunctive therapy.

This product should not be used in breeding animals since the effects of KETOFEN on fertility, pregnancy or fetal health in horses have not been determined.

Side Effects

During investigational studies, no significant side effects were reported.

Contact Information

For a copy of the Safety Data Sheet or to report adverse reactions, call Zoetis Inc. at 1-888-963-8471. For additional information about adverse drug experience reporting for animal drugs, contact FDA at 1-888-FDA-VETS or www.fda.gov/reportanimalae.

Pharmacology

KETOFEN is a non-narcotic, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent with analgesic and antipyretic properties.

In horses, intravenous dosages of ketoprofen ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 mg/lb resulted in dosage dependent anti-inflammatory effects in the chronic adjuvant carpitis model as depicted in the following graph.

MAXIMUM FLEXION (intravenous ketoprofen, mean ± sem, n = 4)*

*sem = standard error of the mean

n = number of animals

Additional studies using the same model in horses have shown that the effects of ketoprofen are maximal by 12 hours and still measurable at 24 hours after each dosage as depicted in the following graph.

MAXIMUM FLEXION (mean ± sem, n = 6)*

*sem = standard error of the mean

n = number of animals

Toxicity

Horses were found to tolerate ketoprofen given intravenously at dosages of 0, 1, 3 and 5 mg/lb once daily for 15 consecutive days (up to five times the recommended dosage for three times the usual duration) with no evidence of toxic effects. In clinical studies, intravenous injection of 1 mg/lb/day for five days resulted in no injection site irritation or other side effects.

At 15-fold overdose (15 mg/lb/day) for five days one of two horses developed severe laminitis, but no gross lesions or histologic changes were observed. The toxic effects observed in the horses given a 25-fold overdose (25 mg/lb/day) for five days included inappetence, depression, icterus, abdominal swelling and postmortem findings of gastritis, nephritis and hepatitis.

How Supplied

KETOFEN (ketoprofen) 100 mg/mL is available in 50 mL and 100 mL multidose bottles.

Storage Conditions

Store below 25°C (77°F), with brief excursions permitted between 0°C - 40°C (32°F - 104°F).

Approved by FDA under NADA # 140-269

Manufactured by:

Zoetis Manufacturing and Research Spain, S.L., Girona, Spain

Distributed by:

Zoetis Inc., Kalamazoo, MI 49007

April 2021

(ketoprofen)

Injectable Solution, 100 mg/mL

For subcutaneous use in certain classes of cattle.

See INDICATIONS below.

Ketofen Caution

Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Description

Ketoprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent of the propionic acid class that includes ibuprofen, naproxen and fenoprofen. Active Ingredient: Each mL contains 100 mg ketoprofen/mL of aqueous solution. Inactive Ingredients: 70 mg L-Arginine/mL; citric acid (to adjust pH); benzyl alcohol, 0.025 g (as preservative).

It is packaged in a multiple dose bottle.

Ketofen Indication

KETOFEN® (ketoprofen) is indicated for the control of pyrexia associated with Bovine Respiratory Disease (BRD) in beef heifers, beef steers, beef calves 2 months of age and older, beef bulls, replacement dairy heifers, and dairy bulls. Not for use in reproducing animals over one year of age, dairy calves, or veal calves. Not for use in lactating dairy cattle or calves <2 months old.

Ketofen Dosage And Administration

Cattle: The recommended dosage is 3 mg/kg (1 mL/33.3 kg) or 1.36 mg/lb (1 mL/74 lb) of body weight. Treatment is administered by subcutaneous injection once daily and may be repeated for up to three days if pyrexia persists.

Use contents within 4 months of first vial puncture.

Cattle Dosing Guide:

Animal Weight (lb)

Dose Volume (mL)

150

2.1

200

2.8

250

3.5

300

4.2

350

4.9

400

5.6

450

6.3

500

7.0

550

7.7

600

8.4

650

9.1

700

9.8

750

10.5

800

11.2

850

11.9

900

12.6

950

13.3

1000

14.0

Contraindications

Do not use in animals showing hypersensitivity to ketoprofen.

WITHDRAWAL PERIODS AND RESIDUE WARNINGS

Cattle must not be slaughtered for human consumption within 48-hours following last treatment with this drug product. Not for use in female dairy cattle 1 year of age or older, including dry dairy cows; use in these cattle may cause drug residues in milk and/or in calves born to these cows or heifers. Not for use in beef calves less than 2 months of age, dairy calves, and veal calves. A withdrawal period has not been established for this product in pre-ruminating calves.

User Safety Warnings

Not for human use. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.

The Safety Data Sheet (SDS) provides more detailed occupational safety information. To obtain a Safety Data Sheet contact Zoetis Inc. at 1-888-963-8471.

Animal Safety Warnings

Do not use in cattle that are dehydrated or with known renal disease.

Precautions

As a class, cyclo-oxygenase inhibitory NSAIDs may be associated with gastrointestinal, hepatic and renal toxicity. Sensitivity to drug-associated adverse effects varies with the individual patient. Patients at greatest risk for renal toxicity are those that are dehydrated, on concomitant diuretic therapy, or those with renal, cardiovascular, and/or hepatic dysfunction.

Since many NSAIDs possess the potential to induce gastrointestinal ulceration, concomitant use of KETOFEN® with other antiinflammatory drugs, such as other NSAIDs and corticosteroids, should be avoided or closely monitored. Discontinue use if fecal blood is observed.

The effects of KETOFEN® on bovine reproductive performance, pregnancy, lactation, or on animals of reproductive age intended for breeding has not been investigated.

KETOFEN® may cause injection site swelling that appears 1 to 3 days post-treatment and typically resolves by 28 days post-injection. These reactions may result in trim loss of edible tissue at slaughter.

Adverse Reactions

Repeated administration of NSAIDs can result in gastric or renal toxicity. Sensitivity to drug-associated adverse effects varies with the individual patient. Patients at greatest risk for toxicity are those that are dehydrated, on concomitant diuretic therapy, or those with pre-existing gastric ulcers, renal, cardiovascular, and/or hepatic dysfunction.

Contact Information

For a copy of the Safety Data Sheet or to report suspected adverse drug experiences, call Zoetis Inc. at 1-888-963-8471. For additional information about adverse drug experience reporting for animal drugs, contact FDA at 1-888-FDA-VETS or www.fda.gov/reportanimalae.

Clinical Pharmacology

KETOFEN is a non-narcotic, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent. The primary mechanism of action for ketoprofen is inhibition of the cyclooxygenase (COX) pathway leading to decreased production of prostaglandins[1]. Ketoprofen is a relatively nonselective inhibitor of the COX isozymes. After subcutaneous administration of a single dose of 3 mg/kg ketoprofen in fourteen calves, the mean and range (minimum and maximum) for the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) was 9.40 μg/mL (7.06 - 15.8), the area under the curve to the last quantifiable point AUC(last) was 67.4 μg•h/mL (48.4 - 96.9), the time to maximum plasma concentration (Tmax) was 1.54 hours (0.67-2.0), and the half-life (t1/2) was 3.03 hours (2.48-3.88). Ketoprofen has shown linear pharmacokinetics across a 1 to 15 mg/kg dose range and has shown little to no accumulation on multiple dosing with a 24-hour dose interval.

Effectiveness

The control of pyrexia associated with bovine respiratory disease (BRD) was demonstrated in a single multisite study. Cattle exhibiting clinical signs of BRD and having a rectal temperature of at least 104.5°F were enrolled. A total of 202 cattle were administered either a single subcutaneous injection of KETOFEN® (3.0 mg/kg BW) or a single subcutaneous injection of saline (0.028 mL/kg BW) on day 0. Six hours after treatment, rectal temperatures were measured. The treatment success rate of the KETOFEN®-treated group was compared to the treatment success rate in the saline-treated group. A treatment success was defined as a decrease in rectal temperature of ≥ 2°F in an individual animal. The percent of animals with a ≥ 2 degree decrease in rectal temperature at 6 hours post-treatment was significantly different and higher (P=0.0215) in the KETOFEN® group (74.3%) vs. the saline treated group (5.9%).

Target Animal Safety

Margin of Safety: KETOFEN® was injected with a 1X (3 mg/kg BW), 3X (9 mg/kg BW), and 5X (15 mg/kg BW) dose daily for 9 consecutive days (3 times the maximum recommended duration). The only treatment-associated finding present at a 1X (3 mg/kg BW) dose for 9 days was minimal to mild gross and microscopic renal tubular lesions. No ketoprofen-related changes were noted in clinical or general health observations, hematology, urinalysis, fecal occult blood, or serum chemistries in cattle administered a 1X (3 mg/kg BW) dose for 9 days. At a 3X dose, subclinical focal ulcers in the abomasum and minimal to mild renal lesions were present. Cattle injected with a 5X dose of ketoprofen for 9 days had similar treatment related findings, except for one of eight calves which had clinical signs of toxicity, due to peritonitis subsequent to abomasal ulceration on the 9th treatment day. Discontinue treatment if fecal blood is observed. Do not use in cattle that are dehydrated or with known renal disease.

Injection site safety: Eight calves were injected with a 1X dose of ketoprofen daily for 3 consecutive days with clinical observations of injection sites with necropsy on days 7, 14, 28, and 42. Injection of 3 consecutive doses of KETOFEN® resulted in transient injection site reactions palpable through 14 days, with resolution by 28 days post-administration. Injection site lesions included discoloration involving the skin and subcutaneous tissue on Day 7. By Day 42 discoloration was limited to subcutaneous tissue. Subcutaneous injection of ketoprofen can cause a transient local tissue reaction. These reactions may result in trim loss of edible tissue at slaughter.

Field safety: There were no adverse events reported in investigational field studies with the injection of KETOFEN® under the intended conditions of use.

REFERENCES

1. Paresh B, R.s., RD Varia, JH Patel, UD Patel, SK Bhavsar and AM Thaker, Impact of multiple intravenous administrations of ketoprofen on blood profile in cow calves. Inter J Vet Sci, 2012. 1(1): p. 34-36.

How Supplied

KETOFEN (ketoprofen) 100 mg/mL is available in 50 mL and 100 mL multidose bottles.

Storage Conditions

Store below 25°C (77°F), with brief excursions permitted between 0°C - 40°C (32°F - 104°F).

Approved by FDA under NADA # 140-269

Manufactured by:

Zoetis Manufacturing and Research Spain, S.L., Girona, Spain

Distributed by:

Zoetis Inc., Kalamazoo, MI 49007

Revised: April 2021

40029077

CPN: 3690385.3

ZOETIS INC.
333 PORTAGE STREET, KALAMAZOO, MI, 49007
Telephone:   269-359-4414
Customer Service:   888-963-8471
Website:   www.zoetis.com
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the Ketofen information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2021 Animalytix LLC. Updated: 2021-10-04