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CYSTORELIN

This page contains information on CYSTORELIN for veterinary use.
The information provided typically includes the following:
  • CYSTORELIN Indications
  • Warnings and cautions for CYSTORELIN
  • Direction and dosage information for CYSTORELIN

CYSTORELIN

This treatment applies to the following species:
Manufacturer: Merial

(gonadorelin)

50 mcg/mL gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate Injectable Solution

For treatment of cystic ovaries in dairy cattle

For use with cloprostenol sodium to synchronize estrous cycles to allow for fixed time artificial insemination (FTAI) in lactating dairy cows and beef cows.

CYSTORELIN Caution

Federal (U.S.A.) law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Description

CYSTORELIN® is a sterile solution containing 43 mcg/mL of gonadorelin (GnRH) as 50 mcg/mL gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate suitable for intramuscular or intravenous administration according to the indication. Gonadorelin is a decapeptide composed of the sequence of amino acids-

5-oxoPro-His-Trp-Ser-Tyr-Gly-Leu-Arg-Pro-Gly-NH2-

a molecular weight of 1182.32 and empirical formula C55H75N17O13. The diacetate tetrahydrate ester has a molecular weight of 1374.48 and empirical formula C59H91N17O21.

Each mL of CYSTORELIN contains:

Gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate (equivalent to 43 mcg gonadorelin)

50 mcg

Benzyl Alcohol

9 mg

Sodium Chloride

7.47 mg

Water for Injection

q.s.

pH adjusted with potassium phosphate (monobasic and dibasic).

Gonadorelin is the hypothalamic releasing factor responsible for the release of gonadotropins (e.g., luteinizing hormone [LH], follicle stimulating hormone [FSH]) from the anterior pituitary. Synthetic gonadorelin is physiologically and chemically identical to the endogenous bovine hypothalamic releasing factor.

INDICATIONS FOR USE:

Cystic Ovaries

CYSTORELIN is indicated for the treatment of ovarian follicular cysts in dairy cattle. Ovarian cysts are non-ovulated follicles with incomplete luteinization which result in nymphomania or irregular estrus. Historically, cystic ovaries have responded to an exogenous source of LH such as human chorionic gonadotrophin. CYSTORELIN initiates release of endogenous LH to cause ovulation and luteinization.

Reproductive Synchrony

CYSTORELIN is indicated for use with cloprostenol sodium to synchronize estrous cycles to allow for fixed time artificial insemination (FTAI) in lactating dairy cows and beef cows.

Dosage and Administration

Cystic Ovaries

The intravenous or intramuscular dosage of CYSTORELIN is 100 mcg gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate (2 mL) per cow.

Reproductive Synchrony

The intramuscular dosage of CYSTORELIN is 100 mcg gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate (2 mL) per cow, used in reproductive synchrony programs similar to the following:

1. Administer the first CYSTORELIN injection (2 mL) at Time 0.

2. Administer 500 mcg cloprostenol (as cloprostenol sodium) by intramuscular injection 6 to 8 days after the first CYSTORELIN injection.

3. Administer the second CYSTORELIN injection (2 mL) 30 to 72 hours after the cloprostenol sodium injection.

4. Perform FTAI 0 to 24 hours after the second CYSTORELIN injection, or inseminate cows on detected estrus using standard herd practices.

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS:

Not for use in humans.

Keep this and all drugs out of reach of children.

WITHDRAWAL PERIODS:

No withdrawal period or milk discard time is required when used according to the labeling.

The Safety Data Sheet (SDS) contains more detailed occupational safety information. To obtain a SDS or for technical assistance, contact Merial at 1-888-637-4251. To report suspected adverse drug experiences, contact Merial at 1-888-637-4251. For additional information about adverse drug experience reporting for animal drugs, contact FDA at 1-888-FDA-VETS, or http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary.

PHARMACOLOGY AND TOXICOLOGY:

Endogenous gonadorelin is synthesized and/or released from the hypothalamus during various stages of the bovine estrus cycle following appropriate neurogenic stimuli. It passes via the hypophyseal portal vessels, to the anterior pituitary to effect the release of gonadotropins (e.g., LH, FSH). Synthetic gonadorelin administered intravenously or intramuscularly also causes the release of endogenous LH or FSH from the anterior pituitary.

Gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate has been shown to be safe. The LD50 for mice and rats is greater than 60 mg/kg, and for dogs, greater than 600 mcg/kg, respectively. No adverse effects were noted among rats or dogs administered 120 mcg/kg/day or 72 mcg/kg/day intravenously for 15 days.

It had no adverse effects on heart rate, blood pressure, or EKG to unanesthetized dogs at 60 mcg/kg. In anesthetized dogs it did not produce depression of myocardial or system hemodynamics or adversely affect coronary oxygen supply or myocardial oxygen requirements.

The intravenous administration of 60 mcg/kg/day of gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate to pregnant rats and rabbits during organogenesis did not cause embryotoxic or teratogenic effects.

Further, CYSTORELIN did not cause irritation at the site of intramuscular administration in dogs with a dose of 72 mcg/kg/day administered for seven (7) days.

TARGET ANIMAL SAFETY:

In addition to the animal safety information presented in the PHARMACOLOGY AND TOXICOLOGY section, the safety of CYSTORELIN was established through the review and evaluation of the extensive published literature available for the use of gonadorelin-containing products.

The intramuscular administration of 1000 mcg gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate on five (5) consecutive days to normally cycling dairy cattle had no effect on hematology or clinical chemistries.

In field studies evaluating the effectiveness of CYSTORELIN for the treatment of ovarian follicular cysts, the incidence of health abnormalities was not significantly greater in cows administered CYSTORELIN than cows administered a placebo injection.

The target animal safety of, and injection site reactions to, gonadorelin when used with cloprostenol sodium were evaluated during the conduct of effectiveness field studies. The incidence of health abnormalities was not significantly greater in cows administered gonadorelin than cows administered a placebo injection.

Effectiveness

The use of CYSTORELIN for treatment of ovarian follicular cysts in dairy cattle was demonstrated to be effective with a treatment dose of 100 mcg gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate.

The effectiveness of gonadorelin for use with cloprostenol sodium to synchronize estrous cycles to allow for FTAI in lactating dairy cows was demonstrated in a field study at 10 different locations in the U.S. Four of the locations represented conditions that would typically cause heat stress in lactating cows. A total of 1607 healthy, non-pregnant, primiparous or multiparous lactating dairy cows within 40-150 days postpartum were enrolled in the study. A total of 805 cows were administered gonadorelin (1 mL; 100 mcg gonadorelin as the acetate salt) and 802 cows were administered an equivalent volume of water for injection as an intramuscular injection twice in the following regimen:

Day 0: 100mcg gonadorelin (as the acetate salt) or sterile water for injection

Day 7: 500 mcg cloprostenol (as cloprostenol sodium)

Day 9: 100mcg gonadorelin (as the acetate salt) or sterile water for injection

Fixed time AI was performed on Day 10, approximately 11 - 31 hours after the Day 9 injection. Cows were evaluated for pregnancy on Day 45 ± 5 days by trans-rectal ultrasound or rectal palpation. Pregnancy rate to FTAI was significantly higher (P < 0.0001) in cows treated with gonadorelin (33.4%) than the pregnancy rate to FTAI in cows treated with water (13.6%). The environmental condition (heat stress or not heat stress) did not affect the conclusion of effectiveness.

The effectiveness of gonadorelin for use with cloprostenol sodium to synchronize estrous cycles to allow for FTAI in beef cows was demonstrated in a field study at 10 different locations in the U.S. A total of 706 healthy, non-pregnant, primiparous or multiparous beef cows within 40-150 days postpartum were enrolled in the study. A total of 364 cows were administered gonadorelin (1 mL; 100 mcg gonadorelin as the acetate salt) and 342 cows were administered an equivalent volume of water for injection as an intramuscular injection twice in the following regimen:

Day 0: 100mcg gonadorelin (as the acetate salt) or sterile water for injection

Day 7: 500 mcg cloprostenol (as cloprostenol sodium)

Day 9: 100mcg gonadorelin (as the acetate salt) or sterile water for injection

Fixed time AI was performed immediately after the Day 9 injection. Cows were evaluated for pregnancy on Day 55 ± 5 days by trans-rectal ultrasound. Pregnancy rate to FTAI was significantly higher (P = 0.0006) in cows treated with gonadorelin (21.7%) than the pregnancy rate to FTAI in cows treated with water (7.4%).

The effectiveness of a 2-mL dose of CYSTORELIN delivering 100 mcg gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate (86 mcg gonadorelin) for use with cloprostenol sodium to synchronize estrous cycles to allow for FTAI in lactating dairy cows and beef cows was also demonstrated through references to scientific literature.

How Supplied

CYSTORELIN is available in a concentration of 50 mcg/mL gonadorelin diacetate tetrahydrate (43 mcg/mL gonadorelin) pH adjusted with potassium phosphate (monobasic and dibasic).

CYSTORELIN is supplied in multi-dose vials containing 10 mL and 30 mL of sterile solution.

STORAGE, HANDLING, AND DISPOSAL: Store at or below 77°F (25°C). Brief excursions to 86°F (30°C) are permitted. Use within 6 months of first puncture.

NADA 098-379, Approved by FDA

Marketed by: Merial, Inc., Duluth, GA 30096-4640 U.S.A.

Technical Support 1-888-637-4251

® CYSTORELIN is a registered trademark of Merial.

© 2017 Merial. All Rights Reserved.

NET CONTENTS:

Item No.

 

1 × 10 mL

82830201

1030-2909-0A

1050-2907-0A

Rev. 12/2017

10 × 30 mL - Carton contains 150 doses

72010

 

CPN: 1111008.7

MERIAL LTD.
Merial is now part of Boehringer Ingelheim

3239 SATELLITE BLVD., DULUTH, GA, 30096
Telephone:   888-637-4251
Website:   www.merial.com
    www.frontline.com/gold/Pages/default.aspx
Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the CYSTORELIN information published above. However, it remains the responsibility of the readers to familiarize themselves with the product information contained on the US product label or package insert.

Copyright © 2018 Animalytix LLC. Updated: 2018-11-30

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