7 First Aid Kit Must Haves For Your Medicine Cabinet
Medically reviewed on Jul 12, 2018 by C. Fookes, BPharm.
1. Pain Medication for Headache, Back Pain, And Ankle Sprain
If you were allowed only ONE thing in your first aid kit or cabinet, then a medication to combat pain would have to be it.
So many different conditions and most injuries cause pain, so you'll find yourself reaching for these several times a year, if not more.
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is the most basic pain medication. It has few interactions, barely any side effects, and is generally safe for most people to take. Be sure to take only the recommended dose, because too much can be toxic to the liver.
2. Relief From Indigestion, Heart Burn, Or Dyspepsia
Fatty, greasy or spicy foods can play havoc with your digestion. So can eating too much food, too fast. Which is why keeping a bottle of Maalox or a packet of Tums in your cabinet for occasional indigestion-relief is not a bad idea.
However, any symptoms of heart burn, bloating, or stomach discomfort that occur regularly, regardless of what you eat, need to be checked out by a doctor. Indigestion is a symptom of several conditions, some more serious than others.
3. Keep A Cough Suppressant Like Dextromethorphan Handy For A Dry Cough
Cough! Cough! Cough!.......Cough! Cough! Cough!....Arrrgggghhhh!
Uncontrollable coughing, especially at night can be exasperating for your whole household. So endless praise will be reaped upon you if you happen to have a cough suppressant like dextromethorphan (Dexalone, Robitussin Cough Gels) right there in your medicine cabinet to put a stop to the coughing.
Just make sure that the person with the dry cough doesn't have any other worrying symptoms. If they are short of breath, a young child, or have a fever it is best to seek medical attention right away.
4. Loperamide: Quick Relief From The Bathroom Trots
Diarrhea, unfortunately, has a habit of occurring without much warning. Causes are numerous - from viral illnesses, food poisoning, food intolerances, to antibiotics, just to name a few. Save yourself a potentially disastrous dash to get medicine by having an anti-diarrheal right on hand.
Medications such as loperamide (Imodium A-D), bismuth subsalicylate (Kaopectate) and diphenoxylate (Lomotil [prescription-only]) all help control diarrhea, buying you more time to get to the bathroom. Anti-diarrheal medications are not always suitable for everyone, so plan ahead and check with your doctor or pharmacist that they are suitable for you, should you ever need them.
5. First Aid Kit Must Have: Basic Wound Dressings For Cuts And Grazed Limbs
Injuries around the home are common, so keep a few wound dressings and other products on hand to enable you to perform some basic first aid on a wound before deciding if it needs more professional attention.
Most wound care experts recommend either saline (a concentration of 0.9% salt in water) or a commercial wound cleanser that is gentle on healing wound tissue. Once the wound is clean, cover it with a breathable dressing or gauze. Keep a few different types of dressings in your medicine cabinet; your pharmacist can advise you about the purpose of each one. Antibiotic creams like Neosporin should only be used if prescribed by a doctor, but topical antiseptic agents may be applied after cleansing.
If your wound is severe or looks infected you will need to see your doctor for professional treatment.
6. A Soothing Skin Cream For Skin Rashes, Dermatitis, And Mild Eczema
Our skin is an amazing organ but it is also reasonably sensitive. Contact with chemicals, certain plants, or concrete pavements can easily disrupt its natural protective function.
Having a soothing skin cream on hand like topical hydrocortisone (Cortaid or Instacort) provides instant relief and will relieve the urge to scratch which will make your rash worse. Just use a small amount, but see a doctor if the rash starts to look bright red, oozing or infected, or persists for more than a couple of days. Topical hydrocortisone should only be used in young babies under a doctor's advice.
If you develop a rash after taking a medicine, contact your doctor immediately because this may signal a serious allergic reaction to that medicine.
7. Antihistamine Tablets For Hay Fever, Allergies and Insect Bites
More than 10% of the US population is affected by hay fever, with ragweed the most common cause. Even if you don't suffer yourself, a future visitor may do, so keep a packet of antihistamines in your first aid kit.
Oral antihistamines are also more useful than antihistamine bite cream for providing relief from itching after multiple insect bites. They are perfect to have on hand for any mild allergic reactions, but always see a doctor if the reaction appears to be getting worse or other symptoms such as difficulty breathing or facial swelling occur.
Non-sedating antihistamines (those that don't make you sleepy), such as fexofenadine (Allegra) or loratadine (Claritin) are best if you need to go to school, work, or drive a vehicle. Alternatively, sedating antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) may be used to help you sleep better at night.